Unit 1: Test Review

Unit 1: Test Review

Unit 1: Test Review Geography 20F March 9, 2016 Maps: The Basic Tools of Geography Geography: is the study of how people interact with their environments. What is Where Why is it There Why should we Care Human Geography: The relationship between humans and their environment.

Example: Farm lands, hydro dams, cities and towns Physical Geography: The distribution and organization of physical elements. Example: Lakes, Forests, Mountains Maps: The Basic Tools of Geography What is the best representation of earth? Why? A globe Is the only representation of earth that exists without distortion Map: A map is a representation of the Earths Features drawn on a flat surface. Maps use symbols and colors to represent the features of

an area. Type of Map Projection Mercator Projections A map projection that gives true compass bearings between points. A disadvantage of this type of map is that it distorts the size of land masses. Countries near the equator appear smaller than they are while those closer to the poles appear larger. Type of Map Projection

Winkel Tripel Projection This type of map is a compromise between all types of map distortion. It provides the best balance between size, shape, distance and direction. Disadvantage Polar regions are distorted. Maps: The Basic Tools of Geography Distortion caused when the earth is transferred onto a flat medium which causes size, shape and location to

alter Large scale maps show a large amount of detail for a small area. Example road or hiking maps Small scale maps show a small amount of detail for a large area. Example political, physical and economic maps Thematic Maps provide very specific information about a place. They are easy to read because only one type of information is shown.

Topographic Maps use symbols to show a variety of natural and human made features Locating: Places of A Map Latitude Lines of Latitude run horizontal from the Equator North and South to the Poles Also known as Parallels Longitude Lines of Longitude run from the North Pole to the South Also called Meridians Locating: Places of A Map What are the names and degrees for all of the major lines of latitude?

Locating: Places of A Map How much distance on land does one degree of latitude cover? 110 km What are the names and degrees for all of the major lines of longitude? Prime Meridian 0 International Date Line 180 E or W Which line runs through Greenwich, England? What is its significance? Prime Meridian Starting point for Greenwich Standard Time What is the significance of the IDL?

When moving across the IDL to the EAST lose a day When moving across the IDL to the WEST gain a day Locating: Places of A Map What is a solstice? Longest (summer) and Shortest (Winter) Days of the Year When do they occur? June 21st and December 21st Where are the suns rays directly hitting during? Tropic of Cancer (Summer) and Tropic of Capricorn (Winter) What is their significance? Mark the 1st day of Summer (Longest day of year) and 1st day of Winter (Shortest day of the year)

What is an equinox? Equal amount of hours of day and night When do they occur? September 23rd and December 21st Where are the suns rays directly hitting during? Equator What is their significance? Mark the 1st day of Fall and Spring and equal amount of hours of day and night Earth Rotations and Revolutions Rotation:

Day and Night Revolution: Around the Sun and with 23.5 axis cause the seasons Locating: Places of A Map How many times zones are there in the world? 36 Generally, how many degrees of latitude are there in a timezone? 15

How many times zones are there in Canada? 6 Timezone anomalies: Labrador 30 minutes ahead of Newfoundland and Atlantic Timezone Saskatchewan does not participate in Daylight Saving Time How our World Works Three Types of Rocks based on formation: 1. Igneous: Formed from hot, molten rock within the earths crust coming up to or near the earths surface

2. Sedimentary: Formed from the hardening of sediments of broken rocks or dissolved materials being laid down in layers 3. Metamorphic: Formed from igneous, sedimentary or other metamorphic rocks that have been changed by heat and pressure How our World Works The 7 Landform Processes are:

1. Plate tectonics: the movement of large slabs of the earths crust on top of mantel (fluid) 2. Folding: The bending of the rock of the earths crust. 3. Faulting: The fracturing in the Earths crust 4. Volcanism: the movement of magma from one place to another inside or as the lava surfaces. 5. Weathering: Wearing down of rock by running water, glaciers, wind , chemicals, freezing and thawing 6. Erosion the movement of weathered materials by agents such as running water, moving ice and wind, resulting in a worn down landscape 7. Deposition

the putting down of suspended material in glacial ice, water and wind How our World Works How did Glaciers forms? During the last Ice Age layers of snow accumulated. As weight increased, bottom layers were compressed and formed solid ice Eventually creating mass ice sheets know as glaciers How did Glaciers impact Canadas topography? Erosion, scraping away of of landscape topography as glaciers advanced and the deposition of materials when glacial retreat began. How our World Works Till

Eroded material deposited by the ice of a glacier. Moraine Material deposited by a glacier, often forming hills when glaciers retreated Erratics Rocks picked up and moved by ice to areas far from origins, different from surrounding landscape Lake Plain Fertile bottom of an ancient glacial lake that is used for Agriculture Lake Agassiz Ancient glacial lake that covered most of MB and northern USA.

Continental Glacier Glaciers that spread out to cover a large portion of continets How our World Works List and explain the 4 factors that explain the different climates in Canada. 1. Landforms: Mountain Ranges in The Western Cordillera prevents warm moist air from moving across Canada. Interior Plains, warms up the dry air as it moves across Western Canada. 2. Prevailing Air Movements: Air moves from west to east in Canada aka. we receive weather patterns from the west. What do we call the wind belt that we exist in? Westerlies

3. Latitude: The suns rays have to travel farther to reach the northern parts of Canada. Temp. decease from south to north as you move away from Equator 4. Proximity to Ocean: Close to oceans climates are moderated with warmer winters and cooler summers w/ much more precipitation. Away from oceans climates are controlled. Example: Vancouver vs. Winnipeg How our World Works What are the 4 General World Climate Areas?

Polar 60 - 90N Temperate 30 - 60N Subtropics 23.5-30N Tropical 0- 23.5N What latitudes do they exist at? Tropical 0- 23.5S Temperate 30 - 60S

Polar 60 - 90S Subtropics 23.5-30S How our World Works Know and be able to identify the main landform regions of Canada. How our World Works What is a Biome? A biome is a major ecosystem spread over a wide geographic area, characterized

by certain types of flora and fauna. Characterized by Three Factors: 1) Climate 2) Soils 3)Natural Vegetation What is the primary factor for determining a biome? Climate How our World Works What is an Ecozone? An ecozone is a large geographical area in which human activities interact with the natural world. What biome/ecozone do we live in: (KNOW how it effects our daily lives) Prairies

What 6 ecozones exist in Manitoba? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Boreal Plain Boreal Shield Hudson Plain Prairie Taiga Shield Southern Arctic

OTHER IMPORTANT THINGS What is a Great Circle and what is a Small Circle? Look it Up in Your Notes! Be able to locate coordinates on the longitude/latitude map KNOW YOUR MAPS! North American Water Bodies North American Countries USA Northern States

Canadian Province/Territories and Capital Cities STUDY HARD! GOOD LUCK!

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • IBM Software Group / DB2 Information Management Advanced

    IBM Software Group / DB2 Information Management Advanced

    NOAGE Set to 1 Processor Affinity (AFF_SPROC/AFF_NPROCS) Turn on if engine is only thing running on the machine Onconfig Parameters CLEANERS < 20 disks - set to 1 per disk 20 - 100 disks - set to 1 for every...
  • Anglo-Saxon Period

    Anglo-Saxon Period

    Divided into separate kingdoms: Kent, Northumbria, Mercia and Wessex most important. United themselves in last two centuries to resist invasions from Vikings, or Norsemen (whom they called Danes). Seven kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon Period: Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, East Anglia, Essex, Sussex,...
  • Animal Histology BIOL 241

    Animal Histology BIOL 241

    Intercalated ducts converge into . intralobular. ducts, which empty into large . interlobular ducts. that empty into main pancreatic duct. The. main . pancreatic duct. fuses with common bile duct, forming ampullaof Vater, which delivers secretions of exocrine pancreas and...
  • Week 2 Section Notes

    Week 2 Section Notes

    Section 3: Midterm Review EWMBA 201A Eva Vivalt
  • Which of the following is a safety hazard of a 12 voltage ...

    Which of the following is a safety hazard of a 12 voltage ...

    Which instrument would you use to measure electric potential or electromotive force? A. An ammeter. B. A voltmeter. C. A wavemeter. D. An ohmmeter (B) T7D01 HRLM (3 - 2) What is the correct way to connect a voltmeter to...
  • Polymer Molecules - ThinkChemistry

    Polymer Molecules - ThinkChemistry

    Polymer Molecules Condensation and ... e.g. terylene Polyesters are used as textiles and resins. The latter have 3D structures, unlike textiles, which have a linear structure. + Protein Polymers All proteins contain the elements C,O,H, N. ... as a substitute...
  • Praise Points: Year 7 1917 7LGN 7AWY 1701

    Praise Points: Year 7 1917 7LGN 7AWY 1701

    Too Young for War. Sitting in a trench. Not on a bench. Should be at school. I must have lost my cool. Tripped on some wire. Please help, there's a fire. I'm too young to be fighting
  • Thesis Writing

    Thesis Writing

    Length should be single paragraph, approx. 200-300 words. Abstracts generally do not have citations. Information in title should not be repeated. Be explicit (clear and specific). Use digits for all numbers, except those that begin a sentence.