Tornado VTTX_Presentation 16 - Emergency management

Tornado VTTX_Presentation 16 - Emergency management

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) Tornado Scenario V0005 February 23, 24 and 25, 2016 Welcome and Introductions Opening Remarks: Emergency Management Institute (EMI) Introductions: EMI [email protected] Video Teleconference (VTC) Locations Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 2

Scope Focus on the role of your organization(s) in response to potential consequences of a tornado, as well as the interdisciplinary and interagency coordination at the tribal regional, State, and local level. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 3 Exercise Goals Demonstrate an ability to implement components of National Incident Management System (NIMS), the National Response Framework (NRF), and other current doctrines by:

1. Activating emergency plans and procedures 2. Appropriately interfacing with the command structure 3. Developing public information and media plans to handle concerns 4. Determining resource needs of the community and potential sources of support and requesting resources as appropriate 5. Identifying coordination and policy issues regarding multiagency coordination systems Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 4 Exercise Objectives 1. Assist participants knowledge, skills, and abilities to effectively conduct all-hazards emergency response and recovery.

2. Enable participants to better coordinate response operations with counterparts from Federal agencies, State governments, local governments, private sector organizations, and nongovernmental agencies. 3. Allow participating locations to share real-time tornado related preparation, response and recovery solutions with all participants. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 5 Core Capabilities PPD-8/National Preparedness Goal PPD-8 calls for development and maintenance of a National Preparedness Goal defining the core capabilities necessary to prepare for the specific types of

incidents posing the greatest risk to the security of the Nation. States and urban areas use capabilities-based planning to identify a baseline assessment of their homeland security efforts by comparing their current capabilities against the Core Capabilities. Core capabilities are essential for the execution of each of the five mission areas: Prevention Protection Mitigation Response Recovery Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 6 Core Capabilities

All Mission Areas: Planning - Conduct a systematic process engaging the whole community as appropriate in the development of executable strategic, operational, and/or tactical-level approaches to meet defined objectives. Public Information and Warning - Deliver coordinated, prompt, reliable, and actionable information to the whole community through the use of clear, consistent, accessible, and culturally and linguistically appropriate methods to effectively relay information regarding any threat or hazard, as well as the actions being taken and the assistance being made available, as appropriate. Operational Coordination - Establish and maintain a unified and coordinated operational structure and process that appropriately integrates all critical stakeholders and supports the execution of core capabilities. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 7

Core Capabilities Response: Infrastructure Systems - Stabilize critical infrastructure functions, minimize health and safety threats, and efficiently restore and revitalize systems and services to support a viable, resilient community. Mass Care Services - Provide life-sustaining services to the affected population with a focus on hydration, feeding, and sheltering to those who have the most need, as well as support for reunifying families. Situational Assessment - Provide all decision makers with decisionrelevant information regarding the nature and extent of the hazard, any cascading effects, and the status of the response. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

8 Core Capabilities Mitigation Mission Area: Community Resilience - Enable the recognition, understanding, communication of, and planning for risk and empower individuals and communities to make informed risk management decisions necessary to adapt to, withstand, and quickly recover from future incidents. Threat and Hazards Identification - Identify the threats and hazards that occur in the geographic area; determine the frequency and magnitude; and incorporate this into analysis and planning processes so as to clearly understand the needs of a community or entity. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 9

Core Capabilities Recovery: Economic Recovery - Return economic and business activities (including food and agriculture) to a healthy state and develop new business and employment opportunities that result in a sustainable and economically viable community. Health and Social Services - Restore and improve health and social services networks to promote the resilience, independence, health (including behavioral health), and well-being of the whole community. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 10

Core Capabilities Response Mission Area: Infrastructure Systems - Stabilize critical infrastructure functions, minimize health and safety threats, and efficiently restore and revitalize systems and services to support a viable, resilient community. Mass Care Services - Provide life-sustaining and human services to the affected population, to include hydration, feeding, sheltering, temporary housing, evacuee support, reunification, and distribution of emergency supplies. Mass Search and Rescue Operations - Deliver traditional and atypical search and rescue capabilities, including personnel, services, animals, and assets to survivors in need, with the goal of saving the greatest number of endangered lives in the shortest time possible. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

11 Core Capabilities Response Mission Area: On-Scene Security, Protection and Law Enforcement - Ensure a safe and secure environment through law enforcement and related security and protection operations for people and communities located within affected areas and also for response personnel engaged in lifesaving and lifesustaining operations. Public Health, Healthcare and Emergency Management Services - Provide lifesaving medical treatment via Emergency Medical Services and related operations and avoid additional disease and injury by providing targeted public health, medical, and behavioral health support, and products to all affected populations. Situational Assessment - Provide all decision makers with decision-relevant information regarding the nature and extent of the hazard, any cascading

effects, and the status of the response. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 12 Core Capabilities Recovery: Economic Recovery - Return economic and business activities (including food and agriculture) to a healthy state and develop new business and employment opportunities that result in an economically viable community. Health and Social Services - Restore and improve health and social services capabilities and networks to promote the resilience, independence, health (including behavioral health), and well-being of the whole community.

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 13 Exercise Overview Four hour, continuous, interactive exercise that will require schedule discipline. The VTTX consists of: Introductions Hazard Briefing Three Modules Participant engagement encouraged both locally and crosscommunity. Time awareness during questions, brief outs, etc. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 14

Exercise Schedule Activity Time Introduction (Field sites and EMI) 10 minutes Hazard-Specific Briefing (EMI) 10 minutes Module 1: Preparedness/Initial Response

60 minutes Module 2: Extended Response 60 minutes Module 3: Recovery 60 minutes Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 15 Assumption and Artificialities

The scenario is plausible and events occur as they are presented. There is no hidden agenda and there are no trick questions. All players receive information at the same time. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 16 Ground Rules 1. Do NOT critique the scenario Trying to find holes or inconsistencies in the scenario is counterproductive and disruptive; the scenario should stimulate discussion. 2. Draw from your previous experience

As you participate, please utilize your knowledge of how the Whole Community works together in response and recovery situations. 3. Do NOT assume information If questions arise that are not answered by the provided material, please ask the facilitator to address the issue with the virtual group. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 17 Ground Rules 4. Participation is encouraged Speak freely, respect others when they are speaking Participate in your disaster role as if the event were occurring Processes and decision making are more important than the

details 5. The facilitator's job is to help you come up with solutions Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 18 Administration/Logistics 1. Restrooms 2. Fire Exits Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 19 Tornado Scenario Background

Background and History on the Threat There are more than 1,000 tornadoes each year in the United States just over 25% of which are considered strong tornadoes (F2-F3). There are approximately 70 deaths and 1,500 injuries from tornadoes each year in the United States two-thirds of deaths occur during F4 and F5 storms. The Joplin Tornado on May 22, 2011 was an EF5 tornado that struck Joplin, Missouri and killed 158 people, injured around 1,000 and had an insurance payout of $2.2 billion. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 21 Background and History on the Threat

Tornadoes cause an average of 70 fatalities and 1,500 injuries in the U.S. each year. Tornadoes are 400-500 feet wide. Tornadoes have winds around 100 miles per hour. The strongest tornadoes have rotating winds of more than 250 mph. Some monster tornadoes are a mile wide, have winds up to 300 mph, last an hour or more, and travel 200 miles. Tornadoes occur most often in the spring (April- June). Most tornadoes in the U.S. occur along Tornado Alley, an area that runs from Texas to Illinois. Waterspouts are tornadoes which form over warm water. They can move onshore and cause damage to coastal areas. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 22

Hazard-Specific Concerns High, devastating winds Large Hail Little Warning Fires Widespread Devastation Gas Leaks Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 23 Hazard-Specific Concerns Power and utility outages Hazardous material containment

Extended recovery Infrastructure damage Communications systems damage Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 24 F-Scale Number Intensity Phrase Wind Speed Type of Damage Done

F0 Gale tornado 40-72 mph Some damage to chimneys; breaks branches off trees; pushes over shallow-rooted trees; damages sign boards. F1 Moderate tornado

73-112 mph The lower limit is the beginning of hurricane wind speed; peels surface off roofs; mobile homes pushed off foundations or overturned; moving autos pushed off the roads; attached garages may be destroyed. F2 Significant tornado 113-157 mph Considerable damage. Roofs torn off frame houses; mobile homes demolished; boxcars pushed over; large trees snapped or uprooted; light

object missiles generated. F3 Severe tornado 158-206 mph Roof and some walls torn off well-constructed houses; trains overturned; most trees in forests uprooted F4 Devastating

tornado 207-260 mph Well-constructed houses leveled; structures with weak foundations blown off some distance; cars thrown and large missiles generated. 261-318 mph Strong frame houses lifted off foundations and carried considerable distances to disintegrate; automobile sized missiles fly through the air in excess of 100 meters; trees debarked; steel re-enforced concrete structures badly damaged. F5

F6 Incredible tornado These winds are very unlikely. The small area of damage they might produce would probably not be recognizable along with the mess produced by F4 and F5 wind that would surround the F6 winds. Missiles, such as Inconceivable 319-379 mph cars and refrigerators would do serious secondary damage that could not tornado be directly identified as F6 damage. If this level is ever achieved, evidence for it might only be found in some manner of ground swirl pattern, for it may never be identifiable through engineering studies

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 25 Module 1: Preparedness & Initial Response Module 1 Scenario Please take a few minutes to read through the Module 1 Scenario. We will re-cap the key events after you have completed the reading. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 27

Module 1 Situation Timeline Wednesday, June 25, 1400 hrs The National Weather Service (NWS) issues a tornado watch for the county. Local media outlets broadcast the tornado watch. Wednesday, June 25, 1500 hrs Heavy rain and lighting hits, with one inch of rain falling within the past hour. Tornado sirens are heard in neighboring communities and some in your community as residents go below ground.

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 28 Module 1 Situation Timeline Wednesday, June 25, 1515 hrs A tornado touches down in the southern part of your community. Tornado is moving northeast at 20-30 mph, with a width of about 100 meters and wind speeds higher than 150 mph. Emergency calls are received by the dispatch center from residents in the tornados path. Causes various electrical fires, gas leaks, and limited power outages. Public utilities estimate 10% of the

residents could be without power. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 29 Key Issues

Previous tornados reduce response capabilities for potential tornados NWS monitors weather conditions for a potential tornado NWS issues tornado warning for parts of your State Heavy rain and lightning in and around your community Tornado sirens sound in neighboring community, sending residents running for shelter Tornado touches down, causing severe damage to areas in its path Emergency services requests rise dramatically in the wake of the tornado Various injuries reported, including head trauma, puncture wounds, and stroke Search and rescue operations are underway for trapped victims Electrical fires, gas leaks, and communication failures crop up across the community

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 30 Discussion Questions Preparedness & Initial Response 1. What are your communitys potential preparedness efforts at this point? Which actions get priority? 2. What warning and emergency information systems are available in your community and who is responsible to activate them? 3. Does your agency use Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) and have prescript messages? 4. How will the community activate resources in the current situation? 5. What is the level of interoperability among existing media, weather, and information systems?

Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 31 Discussion Questions Preparedness & Initial Response 6. What public education resources are available to the community to plan for tornados? 7. What are some potential sources of assistance and how will these requests be made? 8. Can response activities take place at this point? 9. Are there sufficient back-up radio communication systems to support a coordinated response? Do you use amateur radio for communications? Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

32 Module 1 Outbrief EMI will facilitate the outbrief discussion from each VTC site. Please keep each outbrief concise, and to the point. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 33 Module 2: Response Module 2 Scenario Please take a few minutes to read

through the Module 2 Scenario. We will re-cap the key events after you have completed the reading. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 35 Module 2 Situation Updates Wednesday, June 25, 1530 hrs The tornado vanished at around 1528 hrs, and pockets of heavy rain continue. Wednesday, June 25, 1630 hrs

Large hazardous material storage container is severely damaged and is leaking. Wednesday, June 25, 2000 hrs Tornado is classified as type F3. 8% of residents are without power. Search and rescue identify 10 individuals trapped under debris. Radio communication is restored. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 36 Module 2 Situation Updates Wednesday, June 25, 2100 hrs

Residents request shelter assistance from the local Red Cross Media outlets spread misinformation Thursday, June 26, 1000 hrs 124 patients were evaluated and treated at area hospitals Thursday, June 26, 1200 hrs 36 homes completely destroyed and 51 homes suffering moderate damage. Approximately 1,000 customers are still without power. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

37 Key Issues Hazardous material container is damaged and leaking; hazmat response teams present Search and rescue operations look for missing individuals Incident command requests additional search and rescue teams Train tracks, trees, and homes uprooted in tornado; damage being assessed Requests come in for sheltering services from those whose homes were destroyed Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 38

Discussion Questions - Response 1. Should the community declare a local state of emergency? Who should be consulted when considering a declaration? 2. How will a common operating picture be maintained within the incident command structure? 3. Based on the medical needs of the community, what systems are in place to support patient tracking, identification, and triage? How is this information coordinated between incident command, the hospital system, EMS, and multi-agency coordination system? 4. What resources would a state and/or presidential disaster declaration bring? 5. What mutual aid agreements could be drawn upon? Have private organizations

been approached about providing assistance to the community? Have these agreements been made in advance? Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 39 Module 2 Outbrief EMI will facilitate the outbrief discussion from each VTC site. Please keep each outbrief concise, and to the point. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 40

Module 3: Recovery Module 3 Scenario Please take a few minutes to read through the Module 3 Scenario. We will re-cap the key events after you have completed the reading. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 42 Module 3 Situation Update Monday, June 29, 1200 hrs Debris management projects are complete.

All roads are open. Displaced families need temporary housing and financial assistance. Total damage is estimated at $7 million for property and $8 million in lost revenue. The local public health department requests assistance for environmental conditions and counseling trauma victims. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 43 Key Issues Almost all debris removal efforts are complete; roadways are opened up

Citizens request individual and community financial assistance Red Cross and others provide long-term sheltering to displaced persons Flood of calls from the public inquire into mental health services offered Property damage and lost revenue estimates are in the millions of dollars Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 44 Discussion Questions - Recovery 1. What affects will the transition from response to recovery have on emergency services?

2. What decisions should be made by policy and decision makers concerning resource management during the recovery phase? 3. How are resources demobilized; how are other resources activated? 4. How will information and resource management coordination occur between local, state, and Federal agencies during the recovery period? Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 45 Discussion Questions - Recovery 5. What role does mental health services play in the response and how are they incorporated into the incident command system (ICS)? Are these services available to first responders? 6. How will the weaknesses of the response and recovery be improved for the future?

7. What are the economic impacts of such an event on the community? How will local businesses and residents be affected? Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 46 Module 3 Outbrief EMI will facilitate the outbrief discussion from each VTC site. Please keep each outbrief concise, and to the point. Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 47

Participant Questions Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX) 49 Closing Comments Thank you for participating Please do not forget to complete the Participant Survey Form in the back of your SitMan and return it to the Exercise Facilitator, who will submit your forms to EMI Conduct your individual location Hot Wash nowthe following slides may be useful Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

50 Close out Send FEMA Form 119-25-2, General Admission Application, and class rosters to [email protected] and [email protected] V-0005 Return Participant Feedback Forms - e-mail: [email protected] - regular mail: Doug Kahn, 16825 S. Seton Ave, Emmitsburg, MD 21727 Additional questions/concerns, my number is (301) 447-7270 [email protected] or call 301-447-1381 Virtual Tabletop Exercise (VTTX)

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