Thomas Jefferson - Loudoun County Public Schools

Thomas Jefferson - Loudoun County Public Schools

Republican Era A07 7.10.3 TOPIC OUTLINE A. Republican America in the early 1800s 1. Religion: Beginnings of the Second Great Awakening

2. Women: Republican motherhood & education for women 3. Cultural Nationalism 4. Stirrings of Industry B. Jefferson's Presidency (and Madisons) 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. Jefferson & the National Government The Courts and Marbury Louisiana Foreign Affairs: Troubles at Sea Expansion into the trans-Appalachian West & Indian resistance

C. War of 1812 and its consequences Guiding Question To what extent were developments during the period 1800-1824 consistent with the vision of Thomas Jefferson and the

Republicans, as opposed to the vision of Hamilton and the Federalists? Competing Visions for America REPUBLICAN/JEFFERSON VISION Government

Constitution Economy Foreign Policy Religion Culture FEDERALIST (HAMILTON) VISION

A. AMERICA IN 1800 National Development in the Early Republic 1. BEGINNINGS OF INDUSTRY Samuel Slater Eli Whitney cotton gin

interchangeable parts Robert Fulton The Clermont (1807) Turnpikes The Cotton Gin (National Archives) Distribution of slave population 1790-1820

Population density: 1790 & 1820 2. RELIGION: BEGINNINGS OF THE SECOND GREAT AWAKENING Deism Unitarianism Second Great Awakening (1806-30s)

camp meetings Charles Finney John Wesley burned over district The Second Great Awakening, 1790-1860

Growth of American Methodism 1775-1850 3. RISE OF CULTURAL NATIONALISM Education? - the virtuous citizen Distinctively American literature? Washington Irving Noah Webster Washington Irving (Portrait Gallery)

B. JEFFERSONS PRESIDENCY The Election of 1800 Election of 1800

Election of 1800 Jefferson vs. Burr in House of Representatives First Peaceful Turnover of Power Twelfth Amendment (1804) Hamilton-Burr duel (1804) >> Decline of Federalists

Thomas Jefferson Well over 6 feet tall Not a good public speaker. One of the greatest writers among U.S. Presidents A renaissance man Incredibly well-read in science and philosophy Continental Congress;

assemblyman; Gov. of Virginia.; Author of Dec. of Independence; Min. to France; Sec. of State; Vice Pres. 1. Jefferson & National Govt Views on government

strict constructionism major functions Alien & Sedition Acts Army & Navy Public spending federal debt Excise tax on whiskey rest of Hamiltons program?

Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1805 Collection of The New-York Historical Society simplicity as President 2. Struggle Over the Courts Judiciary Act of 1801 Midnight appointments

John Marshall (Ch. Justice 1801-1835) Marbury vs. Madison (1803) Judiciary Act of 1789 judicial review significance John Marshall 3.Louisiana Purchase

The Problem: right of deposit, Pinckneys Treaty (1795) 3. Louisiana Purchase Problem Deal Dilemma Oppositio

n Impact Louisiana Purchase Treaty Mapofofthe theWest

West 1802 Map 1802 Lewis and Clark 1804-1806 Purposes: Explore new

territory Claim to Oregon political & trade relations with Indians http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/america/interactive/map06.html 4.TROUBLES AT SEA

Significance of American Shipping Barbary pirates 4.TROUBLES AT SEA Napoleanic wars (1803-1814) British Orders in Council (blockade) Napoleans Continental System

Impressment < 6000 US sailors 1808-1811 Chesapeake Affair (1807) Embargo Act of 1807 Peaceable Coercion Why not war? Who opposes?

Manning the Navy, English engraving showing the impressment of American sailors (Library of Congress) 4.TROUBLES AT SEA Embargo Act of 1807 (1807-1809) Non-Intercourse Act (1809) Effect on Britain?

Macons Bill No. 2 (1810) American Export Trade, 17901815 C. WAR OF 1812 America's Second War for

Independence? 5. CONFLICTS WITH WESTERN INDIANS Trans-Appalacian settlement Population density-1790-1820 (Tecumseh: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, FMNH Neg. #A93851)

5. CONFLICTS WITH WESTERN INDIANS Native America, 1783-1812 Trans-Appalacian settlement Tenskwatawa (the Prophet) Tecumseh

Role of Britain? William Henry Harrison Battle of Tippecanoe (1811) (Tecumseh: Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, FMNH Neg. #A93851) James Madison

President 1809-1817 Dolley Madison (Portrait Gallery) Presidential Election of 1812 War of 1812 - Causes War of 1812 (1812-1815)

War Hawks Henry Clay (Whig -KY Lexington) John Calhoun (Whig - SC) Reasons US declared war 1) Impressment of sailors 2) Conflicts with Indians 3) Desire for expansion Mr. Madisons War

Henry Clay War of 1812 - Fighting York (Toronto) (1813) Battle of Lake Erie (summer 1813) Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry Battle of Thames (Oct 1813) Wm Henry Harrison

Horseshoe Bend (March 1814) Andrew Jackson Plattsburg (Sept 11, 1814) Key battle of war Attack on Washington (Aug 1814) Baltimore Ft. McHenry

Star Spangled Banner (1814) Francis Scott Key Battle of New Orleans (Jan 1815) Hero of New Orleans War of 1812: Results Opposition to War

Hartford Convention (Dec 1814) Treaty of Ghent (Dec 24, 1814) Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily

Small War and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences for the U.S.: Winners: War Hawks (favoring western expansion, national improvements, trade); Republicans, Andrew Jackson Losers: Indians, Federalists New Spirit of nationalism Paranoia about Britain died away (Second War for Independence)

Rush-Bagot Agreement (1817) End of involvement in Europe years. America looks inward for next 100 Jefferson in 1821

Auction of Monticello, 1827 Monticello, ca. 1870 East Front of Monticello, ca. 1870 (University of Virginia) Monticello today

Monticello today Monticello Today Sources http://www.monticello.org/ http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/archive/i dx_map.html

http://www.lewisandclark.org/lib.htm http://www.jmu.edu/madison/louispurchase. htm Brinkley, American History: A Survey (10 th ed)

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