The Congress of Vienna - White Plains Middle School

The Congress of Vienna - White Plains Middle School

The Congress of Vienna In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: The Congress of Vienna Prince Metternich Balance of Power Nationalism Nationality

E. Napp After the defeat of Napoleon, European ministers and rulers met at the Congress of Vienna to redraw the boundaries of Europe. E. Napp The great powers

Of Europe-Great Britain, Prussia, Russia, and Austria dominated the Congress (1814-1815). They restored many former rulers and

borders. E. Napp A Return to the Past These changes helped to bring Europe back in some measure to the way it had been before the French Revolution. In some places, like Belgium and Poland,

this meant ignoring popular feelings. The European Old Order was restored. E. Napp Prince Metternich of Austria was a leader of the Congress of Vienna. E. Napp

Balance of Power Prince Metternich sought to establish a balance of power. Introduced in the 18th century, this term referred to a system in which the chief powers of Europe were roughly equal in military strength, so that no single power like France could dominate the others.

E. Napp To further prevent future French domination or the spread of democratic revolutions in Europe,

the four major powers also formed a new alliance. E. Napp Nationalism Nationalism is the belief that each nationality (ethnic group) is entitled to its

own government. The French Revolution ignited the spirit of nationalism in Europe by spreading the view that government should be based on the will of the people. E. Napp At the same time, the statesmen at the

Congress of Vienna were intent on ignoring or crushing nationalist feelings. E. Napp The thirty years following the Congress of Vienna witnessed a series of unsuccessful revolutions in Italy, Germany, and Poland. E. Napp

However, both Greece and Belgium achieved independence by 1830. E. Napp French citizens established a constitutional

monarchy that same year. E. Napp In 1848, revolutionary fever gripped Europe. The French overthrew their constitutional monarchy and France became a republic.

However, other revolutions were put down. E. Napp Questions for Reflection: What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna? Why did Prince Metternich believe that a balance of power would prevent future

problems? Define nationalism and nationality. What happened in 1848? Was the Old Order restored? Explain your answer. E. Napp

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