The Commonwealth's Phase III Watershed Implementation Plan

The Commonwealth's Phase III Watershed Implementation Plan

The Commonwealths Draft Phase III Watershed Implementation Plan EXPLORING VIRGINIAS PLAN TO RESTORE THE CHESAPEAKE BAY AND ITS TRIBUTARIES How Healthy is your Bay? Virginia Achieves Midpoint Clean Water Goals for Nitrogen

Virginias 2018 Water Quality Assessment Integrated Report (IR)- Highlights Improvements seen in the several Bay segments, James and Rappahannock Hypoxia continues to be an issue in portions of the Bay Chesapeake Bay and Tidal Tributaries Highlights

The SAV restoration target is 77,463 acres. The 2018 IR will be the first time we can report over half (55%) of the overall sum of segmentspecific SAV acreage goals was achieved. Governor Ralph S. Northam April 4, 2018, Environment Virginia, VMI Our DEQ experts tell us that at our current Bay restoration pace, we will fall millions of pounds short of our goals to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus. So my Administration is committed to preparing a new cleanup plan that incorporates

input from local decision makers, prioritizes nature-based solutions, and tackles the impact of climate change on our clean water goals. VIRGINIAS PHASE III WATERSHED IMPLEMENTATION PLAN GOALS Restore the Chesapeake Bay. Achieve state basin planning targets for the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James Rivers and the Eastern Shore. Achieve our goals no later than December 31, 2025. Tackle additional pollution expected from growth. Tackle the impacts of climate change. Continue to engage partners, including local governments, planning district/regional commissions, and soil and water conservation districts.

Develop a plan that is practical and cost effective. Maximize the potential for co-benefits. Meet the Environmental Protection Agencys expectations. EPA Expectations for the Phase III Watershed Implementation Plans (June 20, 2018) By 2025, implement best management practices to reach planning targets for nitrogen and phosphorus reductions Develop programmatic and numeric implementation commitments Engage local, regional and federal partners Incorporate co-benefits

Establish local area planning goals Virginia Major Basin Planning Targets Millions of Pounds per year Local Area Planning Goals Derived from Phase 2 WIP Run in new Phase 6 model Run on 2025 forecasted conditions Satisfies Planning Targets Accounts for Growth

Accounts for Climate Change Developed at the Planning District Commission Scale Developed Lands (non-MS4, non-federal) Septic Sector Natural Sector (Stream and Shoreline) Developed at the Soil and Water Conservation District Area Scale Agriculture Natural (Harvested Forest, Stream and Shoreline)

Overview of parties involved in the WIP III effort SWCDs Key Recommendations for the Agriculture Sector Address horse pasture management Increase participant caps Bundle practices Increase tax credits Cover crop flexibility

Animal waste facility lifespans Stream protection - flexibility Forestry planting flexibility Nutrient management - document Greatest agricultural BMP needs in Bay watershed: Animal waste facilities Grass and forested buffers Cover crops Nutrient management (all types) Poultry litter transport

Livestock stream exclusion Move towards regionalized BMP priorities by fy2021 Restore the Chesapeake Bay. Achieve state basin planning targets for the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James Rivers and the Eastern Shore. Achieve our goals no later than December 31, 2025. Tackle additional pollution expected from growth. Tackle the impacts of climate change. Continue to engage partners, including local governments, planning district/regional commissions, and soil and water conservation districts. Develop a plan that is practical and cost effective.

Maximize the potential for co-benefits. Meet the Environmental Protection Agencys expectations. PDCs Top PDC Recommendations BMPs Top PDC Recommendations Programmatic Actions Building to the Planning Targets

Virginias Progress and Draft Phase III WIP Source Sector Reductions (Nitrogen) The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of the Plan Chapter 1. Introduction Chapter 7. State Policy Initiatives Chapter 2. Significant Advancements Resulting from Phase I and Phase II WIPs. Chapter 8. Watershed Implementation

Plans by Basin Chapter 3. Virginias Goals for the Phase III WIP Chapter 9. Cost Estimates and Funding Sources Chapter 4. Climate Change Mitigation Resilience Chapter 10. Next Steps to Implementation

Chapter 5. Planning Targets and Local Area Planning Goals Appendices Chapter 6. Phase III WIP Local Engagement Chapter 11. What Can You Do? The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture

Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Update and Fully Fund the Virginia Agricultural BMP Cost Share Program; Cost Share and Technical Assistance Enhance Funding Opportunities through the Agricultural BMP Loan Program and Tax Credits Enhance Coordination Among State and Federal Agencies Assisting Farmers Seek 85 % Implementation of NMPs on Cropland Through Cost Share, Improved Documentation and Reporting, and Increased NMP

Certifications Additional Livestock Stream Exclusion on Perennial Streams Promote Adequate Land Area for Horses Consistent with VCE Recommendations and Provide Financial Incentives Increase Grass and Forest Buffers through CREP and state cost share VDACS Agency Initiatives for the Chesapeake Bay Phase III WIP- Agriculture Pilot long term marketing plan to promote certain farm products grown on farms that participate in the RMP program Enhance verification of BMPs implemented as a result of the Agricultural Stewardship Act (ASA) Support growth of private sector native plant nurseries and

oyster aquaculture The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Achieve Additional Reductions from Significant Municipal WWTPs.

Technology Reg requiring 4 mg/l TN and 0.3 mg/l TP with exceptions for UOSA, Lynchburg, Richmond and Hopewell. Other special considerations for SWIFT, etc. More cost effective alternatives? 41 of 87 Significant POTWs have upgraded to target levels York and James Basins most affected Target Date: TBD The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives

Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Enhance Reporting of BMP Implementation Fund VCAP; Fund SLAF; Define SLAF Needs Establish Long-Term Partnership with PDCs Expand Healthy Virginia Lawns Program Pilot Urban NMP for Virginia Youth Promote Proper Use of Lawn Fertilizer

The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Incorporate nutrient management planning into ESC requirements DEQ to amend ESC Regulations

(9VAC25-830) to require nutrient management planning when establishing permanent vegetative cover Applies to regulated LDAs 1 acre The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems

Multiple Sectors Re-evaluate post-construction water quality requirements under the VSMP DEQ to re-examine water quality design criteria standards (9VAC25870-63 C) Does 0.41 lbs TP/ac/yr continue to satisfy TMDL offset requirement? VDACS Agency Initiatives for the Chesapeake Bay Phase III WIP- Developed Lands Audit and verify contractor-applicator reports of fertilizer

applied to urban lands Verify 10% of reported acres annually Expand annual reporting threshold to 50 acres of non-ag lands receiving fertilizer Increase the civil penalty for failure to comply with the regulations Provide local governments with the option to assist in enforcement of the contractor applicator program The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater

Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Establish Wastewater Infrastructure Work Group Pilot Shifting Oversight of Septic Maintenance from Local Governments to Virginia Department of Health Designate VDH as a State Certifying Authority and Provide State Tax Exemptions Extend Nitrogen Limits to Large

Conventional Onsite Septic Systems The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems Multiple Sectors Request Reporting of Sewer Connections by Wastewater Utilities

DEQ to amend Sewage Collection and Treatment (SCAT) Regs (9VAC25-720) to require reporting of all septic systems taken off-line and connected to sewage collection systems The Draft Phase III WIP Overview of New State Initiatives Agriculture Wastewater Developed Lands Septic Systems

Multiple Sectors Carbon Trading Regulations; Volkswagen Diesel Emission Mitigation Settlement Coastal Resilience Master Plan Develop a State Lands WIP Establish Work Group to Study Expansion of the Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act Nitrogen Reducing Bioreactors Forestry - Implement DOF/RRBC

Healthy Watersheds Initiative Policy Tools: Raise benefit expectations among local governments and citizens regarding value of forestland retention in the design and planning of new development Working with localities, build effective policy standards and guidance Meet both development and water quality needs for localities Financial Tools: Develop, model and pilot long-term funding

mechanisms supported by the private sector that may be scaled up and implemented on a landscape scale. Forestry - Improve Technical Assistance, Collaboration and Oversight of Stream Protection Projects. Increase Riparian Forest Buffers. Continue to provide oversight on every timber harvesting operation to ensure BMPs are being utilized. Promote the Riparian Forest Buffer Tax Credit on tracts where timber is being harvested and a buffer is voluntarily retained.

Promote land conservation projects where stream protection is a main criteria for selection. Continue to seek funding for Riparian Forest Buffer establishment such as the Middle James River Project working with the James River Association. Forestry - Urban Tree Canopy Expansion Working to develop a reporting mechanism for our partner groups to report Urban Tree plantings Already have a funding program in place, Virginia Trees for Clean Water Program that provides project

funding for Urban Riparian Forest Buffer establishment, trees for Storm Water Projects and other urban tree / green infrastructure planting projects VDOF Urban Program has been helping localities with Urban Tree Canopy assessments and helping them establish canopy goals Urban Wood Program is helping with removal and utilization of diseased trees A dedicated funding source is essential for program success! The Draft Phase III WIP

Public Comment Process Comments accepted by email and USPS through June 7th. Response to Comments will be posted on DEQ web sites. Final Phase III WIP will be posted no later than August 9th on DEQ and SNR web sites. The Commonwealths Draft Phase III Watershed Implementation Plan

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