Synoptic - part b

Synoptic - part b

Getting to know the regions Synoptic part b 2016 Superpowers Remember.... Planning for Section B Question (a) - usually broad 'explain' MUST refer to the figures in pre-release Question (b) will stress evaluative and

assessment Question (c) will make direct reference to resource material think - players actions futures global issue include models and theories Be EVALUATIVE (however, on the other hand, but, nevertheless)

COMPARE to other examples - from own research! YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND YOU MUST EXPLICITLY REFER TO THE PRERELEASE (fig 6 shows, viewpoint 3 states etc) YOU MUST EXPLORE THE WEBSITES! YOU MUST THINK ABOUT PARALLEL EXAMPLES YOU MUST LINK TO OTHER TOPICS Players The superpowers and emerging powers play a key role in world affairs, often through global

inter-governmental organisations such as the World Bank, IMF, UN and WTO. Some are members of supra-national bodies such as the EU and OPEC. Powerful countries such as the USA are viewed by some political organisations, such as the anti-globalisation movement, as being responsible for a range of problems from environmental degradation to cultural globalisation. Actions Superpowers and emerging powers play out their geopolitics at a global scale and their decisions often involve international action such as peacekeeping by the UN or NATO warfare. A criticism of the superpowers is that they often follow a neo-liberal, market-led approach to

economics and development, and that this form of development is not environmentally sustainable. Futures The future of the superpowers is not yet clear. A business as usual future would involve China maintaining its uni-polar economic regional dominance. Many economists and politicians think that a multi-polar future is more likely, with the other BRICs emerging as powerful geopolitical and economic forces. Given the influence of superpowers, if one decided to move towards a more sustainable consumption model, the rest of the world might follow.

Get to know the regions complete the table with generalisations Similarities Location Population Climate Economy Government History Biomes

Differences Your tasks Define superpower. List the superpowers involved and say why they are superpowers. 2 superpowers involved? India v China??????

India is in conflict along ALL its land borders. China is in potential and actual conflicts int eh South China Sea Both are rapidly industrialising and rapidly urbanising. Indias population is growing very quickly. Can we say the same for China v Russia or USA or EU?

Describe the location, size and any issues link to Makinders heartland theory? Climate issues? Interior check altitude Bangalore, south

Delhi, north Climate Monsoon to the south rainy season/dry season Tropical savanna Dry, cold winters to the north Cold temperate and tundra at altitude Link to agricultural possibilities?

Population Summerise the current population structure How will it change for each place? What are the current issues?

What are the future issues? What do you know about the government responses to population control? Ecosystems Where are all the people? Why? Problem? Write referring to the core periphery model

Brief History India Disjointed regions British colony 1858-1947 Democracy China Disjointed regions 1949 became The Republic of China under communist

rule 5x Special Economic zones set up in 1980 Development gap? http:// y/08/cities-top-millionaires-billionaires?CMP= twt_fd

Earthquakes link? Collision Margin = Fold mountains Indo Australian plate Eurasion plate Human vulnerability

The darker the colour, the higher the vulnerability. Risk = magnitude/frequency of hazard x vulnerability capacity to cope Resources India

China Coal Global Groupings compare to the EU Biggest regional trade block is ASEAN neither are members, but both are observers Remember the aim of ASEAN is to stop the economic dominance of Japan and China China is a member of ASEAN plus 3 (China, Japan, S Korea), this is a financial rather than

trade grouping to ensure regional stability. China is a member of APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) Your tasks 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. Complete glossary Represent figure 10 in a graph of your choice Draw a mind map of ALL issues in the region Create a table showing the good and bad things about superpowers in general Redraw figure 13 for year 2050

List all the hazards global warming will bring to the region Evaluate the positive and negative things about trade in the region (figs 3, 4, 5) Research and compare to a parallel superpower USA? Synopticity Your task 1. Go through the simplified specification and tick if you think it can be linked to the prerelease. 2. Say WHERE it is linked, ie View 2, fig 4, p3 etc

3. Tell me HOW each thing is linked. AS spec links Natural hazards hydro meteorological Geophysical hazards Risk equation Global warming El Nino Resource exploitation Future hazards

Disaster hotspots 2 or more hazards Causes climate change Effects climate change Mitigation Adaptation Globalisation TNCs Global networks Population change Social patterns (aging etc)

Migration Megacities Sustainable cities Extreme weather Crowded coasts Unequal spaces Rebranding places A2 spec links Energy sources

Energy consumption Energy demand Energy security Energy uncertainty Water supply Water demand Water availability Conflict over water Water and the environment Water conservation

Technological fix for water Influences on biodiversity Distribution of biodiversity Ecosystem values Ecosystem threats Sustainable use of ecosystems Ecosystem management Superpower influence direct/indirect Future superpowers Trade

Measuring the development gap Theories of development Consequences of the development gap Aid Access to technology Technological leapfrogging Externalities of tech Scale of tech app/mega Tech and sustainability

How do these theories relate to the study? World systems theory

Colonialism Mackinders Heartland Theory Modernisation Dependency theory Development theory Questions we should be able to answer....part a) 1. Explain the factors that have lead to China and/or India becoming a superpower.

2. Outline the strength and weakness of FDI in reducing the development gap. 3. Explain why there are growing concerns about climate change in the region. 4. Explain why food is a potential source of conflict in the region. 5. Explain how technology could solve any future population issues. 6. Explain what potential conflicts may occur in the region. 7. Assess the evidence that power is not distributed evenly in the region. 8. Outline the role of superpowers in the availability of energy in the region.

Part b) 1. Evaluate the role of the expanding middle classes in the development of the region. 2. To what extent does population change threaten the economic development and ecological wellbeing of the region? 3. Evaluate the arguments for and against continued economic development. 4. Evaluate the relative importance of the threats facing political security in the region.

5. Evaluate the possible consequences of continued rapid urban growth in China. 6. Evaluate the relative success of trade in the region. Part c) 1. Assess the view that economic gain will be at the expense of the environment. 2. Examine how sustainable continued growth in the region is. 3. Evaluate the possible political consequences of climate change in the region.

4. Explain how the growing economic power of India and China could lead to social and political tension in the region and beyond. 5. Explain the relative importance of direct and indirect power in the area.

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