Sustainable Development - California Institute of Technology
Sustainable Development What does that really mean, anyway? Today
Discussion of your groups Marketing Presentations What we mean by sustainability Appropriate Technology Markets Stakeholder analysis Discussion Sustainable Development Definitions Normative definition
Development that meets the needs and aspirations of the current generation without compromising the ability to meet those of future generations. Our definition Development which enables individuals and communities in underdeveloped regions of the world to raise living standards through profitable products, consistent with minimizing adverse environmental effects Sustainability
Major components: Environmental Economic Social Political Environmental Sustainability Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Developing countries are really GOOD at this! Is this enough in rural Guatemala? Is this a luxury in rural Guatemala? Does this only delay the exhaustion of resources in the developed world (see Cradle to Grave McDonaugh and Braungart Eco-efficiency Being less bad Environmental Sustainability
Cradle-to-Cradle Manufacturing Manufacturer is responsible for the product through entire life-cycle Create products that are designed for upcycling Technical and biological nutrient cycles No waste, not less waste Ford Web Site Recycling Cleaner Manufacturing
Discover our commitment to improving the health of your neighborhood, through conservation and preservation. Find out how refurbished manufacturing plants are reducing the amount of existing hazardous materials. Nature & Wildlife Think globally, but act locallyread
about ecological priorities, from the Wildlife Habitat Council to rainforest preservation. Air & Climate Discover why we're a globally recognized leader in emissions technology. Ford Is this for real? Is Ford really creating sustainable products?
Is this greenwashing? Can companies be green? Are we just making greener widgets? A systems approach: How do we make sustainable communities? How do we make sustainable business eco systems? How do we initiate the process?
Economic Sustainability Who is paying for your product? User NGO Government Will they keep paying? Why? What is the value your product brings? Social Sustainability Does your product fit into its social context?
Are there people with the level of skill needed to repair/maintain your product? Does your product make peoples lives better? Does any part of making/using/disposing of your product harm people? See article on building a road in Indonesia Appropriate Technology
Simple, Low-cost, Local (but effective) Labor-intensive methods Low capital costs Junk is good Use, Maintenance are simple Give some examples Why Appropriate Technology? Socially sustainable
semi-skilled labor jobs employs available skills, teaches new ones fits into social context familiar Why Appropriate Technology? Economically sustainable uses readily available labor avoids using scarce capital avoids work stoppages associated with importing spare parts, foreign experts Large factories in developing countries often run
below capacity Scalable on village level and village to village (consider issues of poor transportation and communication) Markets: what are they good for? People will only pay for things they actually want Measurable Reality check Can be efficient method of allocating
resource Discipline against just pleasing yourself And what are they bad at Some people cant afford to pay for anything e.g. wheelchairs Getting products to unprofitable markets Taking care of all stakeholders Our assumption in this class is that our products will be affordable-even by the poor
Stakeholder analysis A systematic way to make sure you address everyone who will be affected by your product. Why is this important? Some of these people can affect the success of your project (government officials, prominent citizens) Despite our mantra of making products that poor people can afford, we care about
development, not just profits. But profits are the best we know of measuring the effectiveness of our products and this can be misconstrued Stakeholder Analysis Do for all stakeholders Use numeric scores (1-10) where appropriate Update regularly 1. 2.
Define clearly who the stakeholder is Define how important this stakeholder is for the success of the business 3. What precisely do I need from this stakeholder? positive contribution? Avoidance of negative? 4. What motivates this stakeholder? How is this stakeholder rewarded? 5. How to reach the Stakeholder? Influencers? 6. How can I get the stakeholder to help me in my goal? 7. What do I do if the stakeholder is negative (risk reduction)? This is my take. Feel free to change at will
HW for Tuesday Progress on Primary and Secondary Marketing Research 1. What have you learned so far? 2. How has your initial perception changed? 3. Write down the product characteristics that your design must satisfy or say when you will have this info Time: 5 minutes plus 5 minute discussion Submit ppt one hour in advance
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