Bell Ringer Macbeth Day 1 The word cloud

Bell Ringer Macbeth Day 1 The word cloud

Bell Ringer Macbeth Day 1 The word cloud below is a compilation of commonly occurring words from Macbeth. The larger the word is, the more often it appears in the text. Make a prediction about Macbeth based on the word cloud. Consider the plot, potentially important characters, and driving conflicts for the tragedy. William Born:1564 at Stratford-upon-Avon Shakespeare

Married: Anne Hathaway in 1582, had three children Plays: wrote 37 (About 1.5 per year) Sonnets: wrote 154 Died: 1616 Shakespeares New Words Solidified the English language Over 2000 new words critical, aggravate, assassination, monumental, forefathers, hurry, homicide Coined Phrases

Wed better lie low for awhile. He was dead as a doornail. Shes a tower of strength. I couldnt sleep a wink. The Theater Plays produced for the general public Attracted both rich and poor viewers

Roofless / open air No artificial lighting Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries Flags indicated show times Spectators Wealthy =

Benches Poor = Groundlings (They had to stand in the pit) The Globe Built in 1599 Wrong side of town Penny admission Higher price for gallery seating

Private boxes for the nobility Held about 3000 people Sold refreshments No restroom, no intermission No curtain issue with Actors Before theaters were built, performances were put on by traveling troupes Only men and boys Young boys whose voices had not changed

play womens roles Indecent for a woman to appear on stage Actors were expected to be able to: sing clown fence perform acrobatic feats dance Kings Men Shakespeares company Macbeth

written in 1606, published in 1623 Most likely written for performance before King of Demark (in London visiting James I, his brother-in-law) Tragedy Sometimes called last of Shakespeares four great tragedies Dark look at human nature Cause and effects of evil Almost all written in poetry, urgent quality comes from sound and performance Macbeth

True history: Real Macbeth reigned 1040-1057 Macbeth killed Duncan I (ruled 1034-1040) Duncans son, Malcolm, avenged his fathers murder by killing Macbeth in 1057 Malcolm died a natural death in 1093 Macbeth Shakespeares inspiration: Shakespeare inspired by Ralph Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland Inspired many of his History plays

Duncan I weak king Real Macbeth had met three women who made prophecies (predictions) Encouraged by his wife, Macbeth, Banquo, and other friends killed Duncan Macbeth Shakespeares inspiration : Shakespeare inspired by Ralph Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland Macbeth ruled honorably for many

years, but began to fear for his safety Macbeth first killed Banquo and tried to kill his son, Fleance, but he escaped and founded the House of Stuart Macbeth Shakespeares inspiration : Shakespeare inspired by Ralph Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland Separate story of old warrior chief named King Duff who was killed by a

man named Donwald and his wife when king was staying in their house as guest Shakespeare combined two stories into Macbeth Condenses Macbeths reign into 10 wks. Macbeth Shakespeares inspiration : Scholars suggest Macbeth written to please James I (ruled England 1602-1625) Defeat of Macbeths rule linked to rise of James family line James I interested in witchcraft and

supernatural Gunpowder Plot 1605 plan to assassinate James I and members of his government Macbeth Notes about the text: Play revised and altered in 17 yrs. Between first performance and publication Thomas Middleton (author, playwright The Witch) seems to have had a role in editing Short play abridged?

Macbeth Introduction: Dark and gloomy settings Describes chaotic, predatory natural world Macbeth Scottish king Usurps the throne Major themes: power & ambition The Renaissance Period Macbeth Day 2 Time: 1485-1660 stress on human life on earth

many aspects of love explored as popular theme (unrequited, constant, timeless, courtly) shift from religion individualism popular styles: sonnet, drama (tragedies) Black Death people thought God was punishing them indulge in life b/c its short (emphasis on arts, literature, drama) Elizabethan Era Protestant, peak of literature printing press helped stabilize Engl. language, increase availability of literature Macbeth Day 2 The time:

11th century The place: Scotland & England The essential background: - Shakespeare combined two historical accounts by Holinshed (see notes from Day 1) - Macbeth really was Scottish king in 11th century (1040-1057) and did kill Duncan (1034-1040) -One of most famous tragedies -Written mostly in verse

Drama Literary Terms Literary Term Definition Verbal Irony One thing is said, but another is meant. Situational Irony A character or reader expects one thing to happen, but something else occurs.

Dramatic Irony What appears to be true to the character is known to be false to the audience. Comic relief Following a serious scene with a lighter, mildly humorous scene Foreshadowing - writers use of hints or clues that suggest what events will occur later in a narrative

Drama Literary Terms Literary Term Definition Soliloquy A speech a character makes while alone on stagereveals thoughts to audience Monologue

A speech delivered to a group of listeners who do not speak for the duration Apostrophe Someone (usually, but not always absent) or an abstract quality is addressed directly by a character Aside A remark spoken to the audience or another character on stage that cant be

heard by other characters Drama Literary Terms Literary Term Definition Fate Controls birth, life, and death Tragedy

Dramatic work that presents the downfall of a dignified character involved in historically/socially significant events Tragic Hero The main character who comes to a miserable end Tragic Flaw A fatal error in judgment or character weakness that leads directly to his/her fall

Drama Literary Terms Literary Term Definition Foil A character who underscores characteristics of the main one through contradictions Motif

A recurring word, phrase, image, object, idea, or action in a work of literature (functions as a unifying device & often relates directly to one or more themes) Theme Catharsis Central idea conveyed by a work of literature; general perception about life or human nature Purging of emotions or relieving of

emotional tensions, especially through art, tragedy/music Macbeth: Act I Macbeth: Act I Macbeth: Act II Macbeth: Act II

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