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. Vanadyl Sulfate-#5 What is it? o Vanadium = Trace Mineral o Role Not Defined o Goats and Rats o Facilitate Glucose Uptake o Diabetes Management o Capsule: 7 15 mg o Food Source: shellfish, parsley, mushrooms, dill seed, and wine.

o Banned: None Vanadyl Sulfate-#5 CLAIMS Reduces Need for Insulin Creates Pumped Appearance Increases Muscle Mass Increases Muscular Strength Vanadyl Sulfate-#5 SIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY

Potential Toxicity Diarrhea Green tongue Gastrointestinal Disturbances Muscle Cramps ()HMB Beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate

. HMB . 1/5 3 HMB 3 7 . : 3

. ()PS . .

. 400 800 . .

- . . -

. - . - () Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 ()

. . 0/3 3 ( ). Tribulus Terrestris-#7 What is it? o Increase Concentrations of Testosterone o No Standard Recommendation

o Used with Other Supplements o Capsules o Banned: None Tribulus Terrestris-#7 CLAIMS Increases Testosterone Better Sex Life Bigger Muscles Tribulus Terrestris-#7

SIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY Safety and Efficacy Data Needed No Known Harmful Interactions Upset Stomach Animals--Staggers )Weakness of limbs( Ephedrine-#9 Ma Huang and Ephedra What is it? o Herb from China

o Nasal DecongestantCNS Stimulant o Theory o Tablets, Capsules, Teas: 5 75 mg o Food Source: None o Banned: IOC and NCAA Ephedrine-#9 Ma Huang and Ephedra CLAIMS Speeds Metabolism for Weight Loss

Improve Athletic Performance Help for Asthma Nasal Decongestant Fast Acting Energy Herbal Ecstasy Ephedrine-#9 Ma Haung and Ephedra SIDE EFFECTS/SAFETY

Increased Improve BP Athletic Performance? Heart Rate Irregularities Weight Loss Safety? Insomnia Doping Concerns

Nervousness Drug-Like Effect Tremors BANNED Headaches Heart Attacks Strokes Death

. . . .

1 1/5 . 10-50 100-150 .

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