1 Objectives To identify flowers and other floral

1 Objectives  To identify flowers and other floral

1 Objectives To identify flowers and other floral materials. To discover the botanical and common names of flowers and other floral materials. To analyze flower characteristics. 2

Main Menu Line Flowers Mass Flowers Form Flowers Filler Flowers Foliage & Greenery Potted Plants 3

Return to Main Menu 4 Line Flowers Are used as primary flowers to establish the skeleton outline height or width of an arrangement 5

Garden Gladiolus Botanical name: Gladiolus x hortulanus cv. Origin: Africa Color: white, pink, salmon, yellow, orange, red, green and violet 6

Snapdragon Botanical name: Antirrhinum majus cv. Origin: Mediterranean region and Iberian Peninsula Color: commonly yellow, pink and white; occasionally dark pink, red, bronze or lavender

7 Flowering Stock Botanical name: Matthiola incana cv. Origin: North America Color: white, red, lavender and yellow 8

Tuberose Botanical name: Polianthes tuberosa Origin: Mexico Color: white 9 Liatris Botanical name:

Liatris spicata Origin: North America, Mexico and the Bahamas Color: shades of purple 10 Return to Main Menu

Hyacinth Botanical name: Hyacinthus orientalis cv. Origin: southwestern Asia, central and southern Turkey, northwestern Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel Color: purple, orange,

pink, white and red 11 Return to Main Menu 12 Mass Flowers Are usually single stem with large rounded heads used inside or along the

arrangement to fill in 13 Cockscomb Botanical name: Celosia argentea cv. Origin: tropics Color: crimson, maroon and purple

14 Peony Botanical name: Paeonia cv. Origin: Asia, southern Europe and western North America Color: pink, purple and white

15 Daffodil Botanical name: Narcissus pseudonarcissus cv. Origin: Europe, North Africa and Asia Color: yellow and white

16 Shasta Daisy Botanical name: Leucanthemum x superbum cv. Origin: California Color: white 17

French (Florists) Hydrangea Botanical name: Hydrangea macrophylla cv. Origin: Japan Color: blue, purple, pink, salmon and white 18

Common Garden Canna Botanical name: Canna x generalis Origin: Argentina and southern United States Color: orange, pink, yellow and red 19

Common Camellia Click to return to Mass Botanical name: Camellia japonica Origin: Japan, Korea and China Color: red and pink

20 Gardenia Botanical name: Gardenia jasminoides Fortuniana Origin: tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, southeast Asia, Australia and Oceania Color: white and cream

21 Hybrid Tea Rose Botanical name: Rosa hybrid cv., Class Hybrid Tea cv. Origin: France Color: red, pink, yellow, orange and white

22 Carnation Botanical name: Dianthus caryophyllus cv. Origin: Mediterranean region Color: white, pink, salmon, red, yellow,

violet and shades in between 23 Transvaal Daisy Botanical name: Gerbera jamesonii Origin: South America, Africa and Asia Color: white, cream,

yellow, salmon, pink, orange and red 24 Marguerite Daisy Botanical name: Argyranthemum frutescens Origin: Canary Islands Color: white and yellow, white

blossoms occasionally, commercially tinted pink or blue 25 Florists Chrysanthemum Botanical name: Chrysanthemum x moriflium cv. Origin: Asia and northeastern Europe

Color: white, gold, yellow, shades of pink, lavender, bronze and red 26 Marigold Botanical name: Tagetes species cv. Origin: North and South America

Color: yellow and orange 27 Zinnia Botanical name: Zinnia elegans Origin: southwest United States, South America and Mexico

Color: all colors except blue 28 China Aster Botanical name: Callistephus chinensis Origin: China Color: white, red, pink, lavender and

violet 29 Dutch Iris Botanical name: Iris x xiphium cv. Origin: Spain and Portugal Color: royal, yellow, white and purple

30 Tulip Botanical name: Tulipa cv. Origin: southern Europe, north Africa, Anatolia and Iran to northwest China Color: red, yellow,

pink, violet and white 31 Freesia Botanical name: Freesia x hybrida Origin: Africa Color: white, orange, yellow, pink, red and violet

32 Shrimp Plant Botanical name: Justicia brandegeana Origin: Mexico, Guatemala, and Honduras Color: yellow, orange and red

33 Return to Main Menu Flag (Bearded) Iris Botanical name: Iris x germanica florentina cv. Origin: Europe, the Middle East and northern Africa, Asia

and across North America Color: violet, blue, yellow and white 34 Return to Main Menu 35

Form Flowers Are used to create focal point with unusual and distinctive shapes 36 Cattleya Orchid Hybrid Botanical name: Cattleya cv. Origin: Costa Rica and South America

Color: shades of violet, pink, white and yellow 37 Peruvian Lily Botanical name: Alstroemeria aurantiaca Origin: South

America Color: tints of white, pink, yellow, red, green, orange and mauve 38 Hybrid (Garden) Lily Botanical name: Lilium x hyrbridum cv.

Origin: Japan and Taiwan Color: waxy white, pink or orange 39 Trumpet (Easter) Lily Botanical name: Lilium longiflorum cv.

Origin: Japan and Taiwan Color: white, pink and salmon 40 Anthurium, Flamingo Lily Botanical name: Anthurium x andraenum cv.

Origin: South and Central America Color: red, orange, pink, salmon and white 41 Ladyslipper Orchid Botanical name: Paphiopedilum x hybrid cv.

Origin: North America, Europe and Asia Colors: background colors are generally white, yellow or green 42 Phalaenopsis (Butterfly) Orchid Botanical name: Phalaenopsis cv.

Origin: southeast Asia Color: white with yellow and orange marking on the throat, sometimes a pinkish violet 43 Bird-of-Paradise Botanical name:

Strelitzia reginae Origin: South Africa Color: deep orange outer petals with deep blue inner petals enclosed in green outer sheath 44 Amaryllis Botanical name:

Hippeastrum hybrid cv. Origin: South Africa Color: red, pink and white 45 Daylily Botanical name: Hemerocallis cv.

Origin: Europe, China, Japan and Korea Color: yellow, pink, red and white 46 Return to Main Menu

Cymbidium Orchid Botanical name: Cymbidium cv. Origin: Asia and northern Australia Color: pink, yellow, white or green 47 Return to

Main Menu 48 Filler Flowers Are flowers used to complete a design by adding depth 49 Stephanotis

Botanical name: Stephanotis floribunda Origin: Africa Color: white 50 Salvia Botanical name: Salvia splendens cv.

Origin: Central and South America, Asia and the Mediterranean Color: purple and red 51 Babys Breath Botanical name: Gypsophila elegans

cv. Origin: Europe, Asia and north Africa Color: white 52 Statice Botanical name: Limonium sinuatum Origin: central Asia,

Mediterranean region and the Canary Islands Color: blue, violet, mauve, white and yellow 53 Spring Heather Botanical name: Erica carnea cv.

Origin: mountainous areas of central and southern Europe Color: purple, white and green 54 Ageratum Botanical name: Ageratum

mexicanum Origin: Central America and Mexico Color: violet, blue, pink and yellow 55 Return to Main Menu

Waxflower Botanical name: Chamelaucium uncinatum Origin: western United States Color: white and purple 56

Return to Main Menu 57 Foliage & Greenery Has a purpose to hide mechanics in a floral arrangement Is commonly all of the green materials in a floral arrangement

58 Silver Dollar Gum Botanical name: Eucalyptus polyanthemos Origin: Australia Color: blue green 59

Florists Huckleberry Botanical name: Vaccinium ovatum Origin: western Pacific Coast of the United States and coastal British Columbia Color: shiny medium green 60

Sprengeri Fern Botanical name: Asparagus densiflorus Sprengeri Origin: South Africa Color: light to dark green 61

Parlor Palm Botanical name: Chamaedorea elegans Origin: rainforests in south Mexico and Guatemala Color: medium green 62

Leatherleaf Fern Botanical name: Rumohra adiantiformis Origin: subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere Color: glossy medium green textured fronds 63

English Ivy Botanical name: Hedera helix cv. Origin: Europe and western Asia Color: green 64 Wandering Jew Botanical name:

Zebrina pendula cv. Origin: South America Color: green leaves with white, pink or purple flowers 65 Return to Main Menu

Astilbe Botanical name: Astilbe hybrid cv. Origin: Asia and North America Color: pink, white, purple, red and salmon 66

Return to Main Menu 67 Potted Plants Include many varieties and species of plants Can be planted and cared for indoors or outdoors

68 White Anthurium, Peace Lily Botanical name: Spathiphyllum clevelandii Origin: northern South America Color: white

69 (Garden) Pansy Botanical name: Viola x wittrockiana cv. Origin: Europe Color: yellow, violet, lavender, orange and blue

70 Gloxinia Botanical name: Sinningia speciosa Fyfiana Group cv. Origin: Brazil Color: purple, pink, red and white 71

Florists Cineraria Botanical name: Senecio x hybridus cv. Origin: Canary Islands Color: purple, pink and lavender 72 African Violet

Botanical name: Saintpaulia ionantha cv. Origin: Tanzania Color: violet and pink 73 Fairy Primrose Botanical name: Primula malacoides

cv. Origin: Ethiopia, Indonesia, New Guinea and southern South America Color: red, purple, pink and white 74 Clematis Botanical name:

Clematis Jackmanii Group cv. Origin: North America Color: violet and white 75 Madagascar Periwinkle Botanical name:

Catharanthus roseus Origin: Madagascar and southern Asia Color: pink, purple and white 76 Tuberous Begonia Botanical name: Begonia x

tuberhybrida cv. Origin: Andes Color: red, pink, orange, white and yellow 77 Pickaback Plant Botanical name: Tolmiea menziesii

Origin: west coast of North America Color: green 78 Coleus Botanical name: Solenostemon sutellarioides Origin: tropical Africa,

Asia, Australia, East Indies, Malay Archipelago and Philippines Color: leaves with green, pink and orange markings 79 Jerusalem Cherry Botanical name: Solanum

pseudocapsicum cv. Origin: Peru Color: green leaves with orange-red fruit 80 Diamond Dusty Miller Botanical name: Senecio cineraria Diamond

Origin: the Mediterranean Color: whitish-green 81 Thanksgiving Cactus, Crab Cactus Botanical name: Schlumbergera truncata cv. Origin: South

America Color: green 82 Christmas Cactus Botanical name: Schlumbergera bridgesii Origin: South America

Color: green with pink flowers 83 Strawberry Plant Botanical name: Saxifraga stolonifera Origin: Asia Color: green leaves with small white

flowers 84 Azalea Botanical name: Rhododendron cv. Origin: Asia, Europe and North America Color: pink and white

85 Polyanthus (Primrose) Botanical name: Primula x polyanthus cv. Origin: Ethiopia, Indonesia, New Guinea and southern South America Color: red, pink, violet,

pink, yellow and white 86 Swedish Ivy Botanical name: Plectranthus mummularis Origin: Southeast Africa Color: green

87 Creeping Charley Botanical name: Pilea nummularifolia Origin: Europe and southwestern Asia Color: green leaves with purple flowers 88

Common Garden Petunia Botanical name: Petunia x hybrida cv. Origin: South America Color: yellow, pink, white, violet and blue 89

Cactus Botanical name: Opuntia tribe cv. Origin: the Americas Color: green 90 Bromeliad Botanical name: Neoregelia carolinae

Tricolor Origin: Brazil Color: leaves with green, pink and white 91 Sweet Alyssum Botanical name: Lobularia maritima Origin: the

Mediterranean region and Macaronesia Color: white and purple 92 Kalanchoe Botanical name: Kalanchoe x blossfeldiana cv.

Origin: the Old World Color: red, orange, yellow, pink and white 93 Impatiens Botanical name: Impatiens hybrid cv. Origin: Northern

Hemisphere and tropics Color: red, white, purple, orange and pink 94 Plantain Lily Botanical name: Hosta undulate Origin: northeast Asia

Color: green 95 Dwarf Schefflera, Dwarf Octopus Tree Botanical name: Heptapleurum arboricola Origin: Taiwan Color: green

96 German (Persian) Violet Botanical name: Exacum affine Origin: Yemen Color: purple and white 97

Barrel Cactus Botanical name: Echinocactus cv. Origin: southwestern desert of North America Color: green 98 Hens and Chickens

Botanical name: Echeveria cv. Origin: Mexico and South America Color: green and purple 99 Fancy-Leaved Caladium Botanical name:

Caladium x hortulanum cv. Origin: Brazil, and neighboring countries in South and Central America Color: green with white or pink 100 Wax Begonia

Botanical name: Begonia x semperflorenscultorum Origin: South and Central America, Africa and Asia Color: pink, red and white 101 Norfolk Island Pine

Botanical name: Araucaria heterophylla Origin: Norfolk Island, an island between New Zealand and Australia Color: green 102 Nephthytis

Botanical name: Syngonium podophyllum Origin: western Africa Color: green 103 Snake Plant Botanical name: Sansevieria trifasciata

cv. Origin: temperate shrub land and rocky areas Color: green 104 Artillery Plant Botanical name: Pilea microphylla

Origin: Florida Color: green 105 Friendship Plant Botanical name: Pilea involucrata Origin: Central and South America Color: green

106 Aluminum Plant Botanical name: Pilea cadierei Origin: China and Vietnam Color: green leaves with white

107 Heartleaf Philodendron Botanical name: Philodendron scandens oxycardium Origin: tropical Americas and West Indies Color: green

108 Variegated Peperomia Botanical name: Peperomia obtusifolia Variegata Origin: Central America and northern South America Color: green leaves with yellow or white

109 Emerald Ripple Peperomia Botanical name: Peperomia caperata Origin: Central America and northern South America Color: green and purple

110 Watermelon Peperomia Botanical name: Peperomia argyreia Origin: Central America and northern South America Color: green

111 Ivy Geranium Botanical name: Pelargonium peltatum cv. Origin: Southern Africa Color: white, pink and red

112 Regal (Lady Washington) Geranium Botanical name: Pelargonium x domesticum cv. Origin: Southern Africa Color: red, maroon and pink

113 (Zonal) Geranium Botanical name: Pelargonium x hortorum cv. Origin: the Mediterranean Region Color: pink, red and white

114 Red Edge Dracaena Botanical name: Dracaena cincta Origin: Madagascar Color: green 115 Corn Plant Dracaena

Botanical name: Dracaena fragrans Massangeana Origin: West Africa, Tanzania and Zambia Color: green 116 Spotted Dumbcane Botanical name:

Dieffenbachia maculata cv. Origin: Mexico, Brazil and some Caribbean Islands Color: green 117 Florists Cyclamen Botanical name:

Cyclamen x persicum cv. Origin: Europe and the Mediterranean region Colors: red, white, purple and pink 118 Jade Plant Botanical name:

Crassula argentea Origin: South Africa Color: green leaves with white flowers 119 Croton Botanical name: Codiaeum variegatum pictum cv.

Origin: southeast Asia Color: green leaves with yellow and orange 120 Grape Ivy Botanical name: Cissus rhombifolia Mandaiana

Origin: Japan and Korea Color: green 121 Spider Plant Botanical name: Cholorophytum comosum cv. Origin: South Africa

Color: green 122 Pocketbook Plant Botanical name: Calceolaria crenatiflora cv. Origin: western South America Color: yellow, red and

orange flowers with dark green leaves 123 Bromeliad Botanical name: Aechmea chantinii cv. Origin: New World tropics and South America Color: green

124 Aglaonema Botanical name: Aglaonema commutatum cv. Origin: southeastern Asia Color: green

125 Aphelandra, Zebra Plant Botanical name: Aphelandra squarrosa cv. Origin: Brazil Color: green 126

Creeping Rubber Plant Botanical name: Ficus pumila Origin: east Asia Color: green 127 Decora Rubber Plant Botanical name: Ficus elastica

Decora Origin: India Color: green 128 Benjamin Fig Botanical name: Ficus benjamina Exotica Origin: south and

southeast Asia and Australia Color: green 129 Poinsettia Botanical name: Euphorbia pulcherrima cv. Origin: Mexico and

Central America Color: red, white, cream, orange, pink, pale green and marbled 130 Crown-of-Thorns Botanical name: Euphorbia milii splendens

Origin: Madagascar Color: pink and salmon 131 Golden Pothos, Devils Ivy Botanical name: Epipremnum aureum cv. Origin: southeastern

Asia and New Guinea Color: green 132 Cutleaf Philodendron Botanical name: Monstera deliciosa Origin: tropical rainforests of southern Mexico and

Panama Color: green 133 Prayer Plant Botanical name: Maranta leuconeura var. kerchoviana Origin: Africa Color: green

134 Wax Plant Botanical name: Hoya carnosa Origin: southern Asia, Australia and Polynesia Color: green leaves with white or pink

flowers 135 Purple Passion, Velvet Plant Botanical name: Gynura aurantiaca Sarmentosa Origin: Europe and Asia Color: green and purple leaves

136 Nerve Plant Botanical name: Fittonia verschaffeltii Origin: Peru Color: various shades of green 137

Return to Main Menu Cast Iron Plant Botanical name: Aspidistra elatior Origin: Japan Color: shades of green

138 Assessment Assessment 139 Assessment 1. Which of the following flowers can be white in color? A. Liatris B. Cockscomb

C. Tuberose D. Canna 2. Michelle is making a floral arrangement for Mothers Day and needs a white, line flower. Which of the following LINE flowers should she use? A. Babys breath B. Hybrid tea rose C. Tuberose D. Bird-of-paradise 140

Assessment 3. Which of the following is the correct classification of Petunia x hybrida cv.? A. Line B. Mass C. Form D. Potted plant 4. Preston is trying to discover the common name for the plant Dieffenbachia caryophyllus. Which of the following plants has the same botanical name?

A. Spotted dumbcane B. Astilbe C. Snapdragon D. Fancy-leaved caladium 141 Assessment 5. Which of the following best explains why mass flowers are used in floral arrangements? A. Mass flowers are used as a focal point

B. Mass flowers are used inside or along the arrangement to fill spaces C. Mass flowers are used to complete the design D. Mass flowers are used to hide the mechanics of a design 6. Sarah and Lauren are working together to create a centerpiece for the tables at an upcoming banquet. Which of the flowers should they use to complete the design? A. Trumpet (Easter) lily B. Aglaonema C. Transvaal daisy

D. Stephanotis 142 Assessment 7. Robert is creating a unique floral arrangement. Which of the following flowers should he use as a focal point? A. Shasta daisy B. (Garden) pansy C. Florists cineraria D. Flamingo lily 8. Please choose the correct definition of a line flower.

A. Single stem with large round headed flower B. Establishes the outline of arrangement C. Single stem with one horizontal flower D. Single stem with one vertical flower 143 Assessment 9. Susie is creating a floral arrangement and does not want the mechanics of the design to show. Which of the following should she use?

A. Freesia B. Wax flower C. Bromeliad D. Boston fern 10. A single stem daffodil would classify as which of the following? A. Potted plant B. Foliage and greenery C. Mass D. Line

144 Resources Herbaceous Plants Pictures. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu Iowa State University Extension. http://www.extension.iastate.edu Oklahoma State University Library. http:// www.library.okstate.edu OSU FFA Floriculture Identification. http://www.okstate.edu

145 Resources Texas Tech University Plant and Soil Science. http:// www.pssc.ttu.edu University of Missouri Extension. Lawn and Garden. http://extension.missouri.edu 146

Acknowledgements Production Coordinator Project Coordinator Mai Lee Holmes Olivia Mitchell Graphics Designer Daniel Johnson

Technical Writer Jessica Odom Production Manager Maggie Bigham Executive Producers Gordon W. Davis Jeff Lansdell MMXIV CEV Multimedia, Ltd.

147

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