School libraries research - National Literacy Trust

School libraries research - National Literacy Trust

School libraries A National Literacy Trust membership resource T: 020 7587 1842 W: www.literacytrust.org.uk Twitter: @Literacy_Trust Facebook: nationalliteracytrust School libraries research Our school libraries research review demonstrates that school libraries can play a vital role in contributing to pupils success. This research can help you advocate for your school library to support a reading community in your school and ensure the school library is used effectively. www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

Effective school libraries Research has found that effective school libraries feature the following elements: Supportive senior leadership Funding and budgeting Integration and promotion

Monitoring and evaluation of Supportive staff impact Stakeholder collaboration

Effective school librarian Good quality physical space Quality instruction that Quality of collection and access

team to resources supports pupil and teacher needs Flexible scheduling www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

Response to different pupil needs Effective school libraries These elements are not an exhaustive list and will vary according to the particular context of your school. They are interlinked and the absence or presence of one will automatically impact the others. They provide a useful framework on which to build a school library policy, which will inform the development of your school library service and how pupils make effective use of it.

www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk Christina Clark (2017) Celebrating reading for enjoyment, National Literacy Trust www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk Reading enjoyment, behaviour and attitudes are clearly related to reading attainment children who enjoy reading are nearly three times more likely to read above their expected age level than peers who dont enjoy

reading. Reading for pleasure Reading for enjoyment is linked to: Better reading outcomes: overall proficiency, vocabulary, comprehension Better performance in mathematics and science Higher attainment in school and effective learning Social outcomes and emotional wellbeing Research has shown links between reading for pleasure and the school library. www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

National Literacy Trust (2017) www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk The results show that pupils who use the school library are more likely to enjoy reading, see themselves as good readers and think more positively about reading. Using the library Using your school library effectively will help encourage pupils reading for pleasure. This could be through:

Timetabled lessons Break or lunchtime clubs After school activities Story time Author visits and reading celebrations Activities in the library should be linked to literacy, with a focus on books and reading, storytelling and shared reading experiences. www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

National Literacy Trust (2017) www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk School libraries have been found to have an impact on other skills such as wider learning skills (including information-handling competencies and informationseeking skills), history, mathematics and science. Information literacy skills School libraries can facilitate the teaching of

information literacy skills to ensure pupils can access information in all its forms. School librarians are well placed to provide necessary support for pupils in an ever increasingly digital learning environment. Through information literacy skills lessons, librarians and teachers can work together using the school library as a hub for promoting these hugely valuable skills and ensuring pupils are information literate as well as IT literate. www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk Curriculum School libraries can provide much

needed resources to support the wider curriculum: The school library collection can be curated to reflect curriculum topics A school librarian can provide project support and help pupils (and staff) find the information they need Library lessons can be developed to encourage research skills and help pupils read for purpose www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk @Literacy_Trust National Literacy Trust (2017) www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

One of the most important characteristics of a good school library is a good school librarian. Staffing Many studies have explored the impact of library staffing in particular, and have shown the potential impact of having a fulltime librarian. A good school librarian will offer a range of support and skills including: Provide support for pupils and staff Champion reading for pleasure Develop library lessons covering a range of reader development and

information literacy skills Purchase and organise the book collection Share reading recommendations and book knowledge Engage the whole school community in reading pupils, staff, parents www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk National Literacy Trust (2017) www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk 50% of children said that having an attractive and

welcoming space was the most common reason for them to use the library. The school library environment The more attractive and welcoming the library space, the more likely children will be to want to use it. A welcoming library environment can feature: Appropriate furniture accessible and practical Comfortable seating to encourage reading Workspace for research and homework Signage to enable pupils to find what they are looking for Attractive displays promoting reading Topical displays covering curriculum projects and highlighting resources www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk

Charford First Schools library www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk @Literacy_Trust National Literacy Trust (2017) www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk Several personal and interpersonal outcomes have also been associated with school library use. These include development of positive and ethical values in relation to

the use of information, feelings of success and accomplishment, resilience, developing positive selfconcept, self-esteem, independence and collaborative learning. Growth mindset School libraries have been linked to improvement in growth mindset. School libraries can: Foster a love of learning and reading for pleasure Encourage pupils to be academically honest Support independent learning Provide a safe space for vulnerable pupils Encourage self-awareness and self-expression Provide opportunities to question and apply critical thinking

www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk National Literacy Trust support for libraries Campaigns: campaigns such as Read On. Get On. ensure services that promote childrens reading deliver quality efficiently and promote reading for pleasure in schools and libraries Research: informs policy development through research reviews and reports Programmes: Love our Libraries supports those working in primary school libraries through training and resources Hubs: utilise and encourage use of library services in local communities to deliver

support in our Hubs www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk National Literacy Trust support for libraries Partners: We work with partner organisations such as the School Library Association and CILIP (Chartered Institute for Librarians and Information Professionals) Training and CPD: our training supports those working in education to deliver literacy skills effectively including in areas such as reading for pleasure Resources: our resources support literacy

teaching and learning and provide inspirational ideas to use in school www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk Thank you Teravainen, A. & Clark, C. (2017) School libraries: A literature review on current provision and evidence of impact London: National Literacy Trust For references see the full review: www.literacytrust.org.uk www.nationalliteracytrust.org.uk @Literacy_Trust

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