Chapter 1 Introduction to Wilderness First Aid Lesson

Chapter 1 Introduction to Wilderness First Aid Lesson

Chapter 1 Introduction to Wilderness First Aid Lesson Objectives (1 of 2) Define wilderness. Compare wilderness first aid to traditional first aid. Identify the legal and ethical issues of emergency care.

Recognize the psychological and emotional issues involved in wilderness first aid. Lesson Objectives (2 of 2) Describe appropriate infection and disease precautions. Identify the immunization needs for wilderness or remote locations.

What Is Wilderness? A remote geographical location more than 1 hour from definitive medical care Remote areas where outdoor occupations are conducted Remote communities Developing countries

Urban areas after a disaster destroys infrastructure and overwhelms EMS What Is Wilderness First Aid? Immediate care given to an injured or suddenly ill person Does not replace definitive medical care Providing assistance until a more advanced level

of medical care is available or recovery occurs Features of Wilderness First Aid Both victims and rescuers are at risk for injury and illness. Definitive medical care can be delayed hours or days. Some injuries/illnesses are more common in

remote locations. Supplies may be limited. Difficult decisions must be made. Prevention It is much easier to prevent a problem than to manage it in the field.

Photodisc/age fotostock Legal and Ethical Issues (1 of 2) No legal obligation to aid a stranger. Duty to act for those in certain occupations or professions. Follow accepted guidelines.

Provide only the level of care you are trained to provide. Do not put your own life or safety in jeopardy. Legal and Ethical Issues (2 of 2) Good Samaritan laws protect first aiders. Obtain consent. Explain treatments and involve victim in decisions.

Psychological and Emotional Issues (1 of 2) Can experience personal stress due to extreme conditions. Anxiety can compromise safety and interfere with rescue or first aid. Provide comfort and reassurance.

Reducing anxiety can decrease pain and severity of injuries. Psychological and Emotional Issues (2 of 2) If you become overwhelmed, stop to calm yourself or request assistance. Posttraumatic stress disorder may occur

following emergency situation. Discuss your feelings with a friend or professional. Infectious Disease Precautions (1 of 2) Risk of exposure to diseases

Most serious diseases are bloodborne. Use gloves and eye, face, and mouth protection. Infectious Disease Precautions (2 of 2)

Hepatitis B and HIV are spread by contact with infected blood. Vaccines are available for hepatitis B, but not HIV. Vigorously wash hands and exposed skin. Seek medical advice if exposure occurs. Immunizations No special immunizations needed in developed

countries. Keep routine immunizations up-to-date. Additional vaccinations may be recommended for travel in less developed areas. Travel Medical Insurance Check coverage for illnesses and injuries outside the United States.

May need to purchase appropriate travel/medical insurance.

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