Adjectives and Adverbs Adapted from Real Good Grammar,
Adjectives and Adverbs Adapted from Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon What is an adjective? An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun or a pronoun. He seems strange. Strange is an adjective that describes the pronoun he. The response was quick. Quick is an adjective that describes the noun response. Be careful on Friday, the
13th. Careful is an adjective that describes the implied pronoun you. When should I use an adjective? Use adjectives with these verbs: Be-verbs is are am was Sense Verbs look feel were
be taste Linking Verbs become remain being been smell sound appear seem
What is an adverb? An adverb is a word that describes, modifies, or intensifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Most adverbs are formed with the addition of the ly suffix to an existing adjective: He behaves strangely. Strangely is an adverb that describes the verb behaves. They responded extremely quickly. Extremely is an adverb that intensifies the adverb quickly.
Be particularly careful on Friday, the 13th. Particularly is an adverb that describes the adjective careful. When should I use an adverb? Use adverbs with these verbs: Action Verbs swing blink beware swat blast swear
Sense Verbs Used as Action Verbs look feel taste smell sound That seems simple enough. Knowing the difference between adjectives and adverbs seems fairly simple when you know what the word is intended to modify, but be careful; a sense verb might signal either an adjective or an adverb. Greg looked sympathetic. Greg looked sympathetically at the mourners. In the first sentence, sympathetic is describing the noun Greg, so its an adjective. In the second example, sympathetically is describing the verb looked, so we added ly to sympathetic make it an adverb.
Wait! Sense verbs are on both lists? A side-by-side comparison will help clarify when sense verbs require adjectives and when they require adverbs. Use an Adjective to Modify a Noun: Use an Adverb to Modify a verb: She looked cold. She looked coldly at the heckler. I felt sick. I felt carefully for the switch. Your homemade ice cream tastes delicious.
I will gladly taste your homemade ice cream. Her perfume smelled floral. My dog enthusiastically smells everything he finds in the park. That country song sounded depressing. The alarm sounded loudly to warn us to leave the building. What should I watch for? People often confuse the meanings of real
and really. The admiral has real charm (genuine charm). Real is an adjective meaning "genuine." He is really charismatic (very charismatic). Really is an adverb meaning very. What else should I watch for? People often confuse the meanings of sure and surely. I am sure the food will taste good (I am certain). Sure is an adjective meaning certain. The food surely smells good (certainly smells good). Surely is an adverb meaning certainly.
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