# Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs.

Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Bill Nye Atoms 1. All things are made up of ________________________. 2. Atoms comes from a Greek word that means: _______________________________________________ 3. What are the main parts of the atom? a. ____________________________________ b. ____________________________________ c. ____________________________________ 4. Atoms are mostly ______________________________. 5. Explain how are atoms like letters. _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 6. What makes one atom different than another? _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 7. What does the atomic number represent? ______________________________________________ 8. Name 3 types of energy. a. _______________________ b. _______________________ c. _______________________ 9. What are the building blocks of all matter? ______________________________________________ 10.Why is carbon important? ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 11. Since the periodic table is like the alphabet and we use the letters (atoms) to form words (molecules) lets start with some practice. Make some words out of the symbols from the periodic table. Try to make the longest words you can think of. There is a prize (food) for the longest word and the most words. Examples: He + At = HeAt Ag + U + Ir + Re = Aguirre

46 QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. #7. Does increasing the weight of the film can affect the buoyant force? A. Hypothesis: When you add pennies to the can, the buoyant force will ________ because _________. B. Test it out: C. 1. Weight of heavier film can in air: _____ N 2. Weight of heavier film can under water: _____N 3. Buoyant force (subtract!!!) : _____N Compare the buoyant forces (todays vs yesterdays) #8. How does the buoyant force compare to the weight of the displaced water? A) Collect displaced water from displacement tank

B) Weigh it on the scale using NEWTONS!!! 47 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Whats Inside an Atom? BLUE = NEUTRONS RED = PROTONS YELLOW = ELECTRONS QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Draw model of Lithium atom here - + QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. + + 48 + -

A) # below symbol = atomic number Atomic # = # of protons(reds) B. # above the symbol = mass number Mass number =particles inside the nucleus (reds and blues) C. Sometimes there is more than one mass numberAtoms can have different numbers of neutrons (blues) These are called isotopes. D) What about yellows? QuickTime and a Yellow = electrons TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor Electrons equal protons are needed to see this picture. Yellow = Red 49 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Name Protons Neutrons Atomic Mass Electrons Periodic Table Square #1: Wrong? #2: Wrong? #3: Wrong?

QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The atom game explained. DONT COPY: Write a list of steps that explains how to check to see if the number of PROTONS, NEUTRONS AND ELECTRONS IS CORRECT. At least 3 numbered steps. COMPLETE SENTENCES. Include a periodic table square to use to illustrate your steps. Label Atomic Number and Mass number 50 51 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Rutherford Model Hit the Penny Model Alpha particle (+2

protons, 2 N) QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Nucleus of gold atoms PROBLEM: What is the Structure of the Inside of an atom? Empty space of gold atom Electrons What does the Hit the Penny model mean? Why did so few alpha particles hit the nucleus? Watch video segment- write 3 notes HYPOTHESIS: Rutherford expected the positively charged alpha particles to pass through the gold atom Why did they bounce off? (2 reasons) Why did so many alpha particles miss the nucleus? Because the atom is mostly. Findings Evidence QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Small positively charged nucleus

with most of the atoms mass Most of the atom is empty space 52 53 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. 54 QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. 55 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Study Guide QuickTime and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. 56

Periodic Table Video Quiz 1. Atomic _______ refers to the arrangement and number of smaller particles in an atom. 2. The ____________ is the center or core of an atom. 3. ___________ are positively charges particles locates in the nucleus. 4. Neutrons have a ________ charge. 5. ___________ are atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons. 6. ___________ are subatomic particles with a hengative charge. 7. The sum weight of protons and neutrons in an atom is its atomic ________. 8. Elements in the Periodic Table are ordered according to their atomic ____________.

9. __________ are the most common elements on the Periodic Table. 10. Elements in the family called the alkaline earth metals are very ____________ 57 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Periodic Table Building (Lab Manual pages 31-32) What we noticed about the periodic tables. 1. QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Tell me everything you can about this new element discovered at Cal Berkeley this weekend. Draw picture(s)!! Key words: Element, isotopes, protons, electrons, neutrons, atomic structure, family, energy levels, atomic number, atomic mass, etc. 58 2. List at least three things 3.

Compare the table in your notebook to the one on the table 4. Be prepared to share with the class Sectio n 1st element Section Name A Lithium Alkali metals B Berylliu m Group 2 Metals C, D, E Scandiu m Transition Metals J

Fluorine Halogens K Helium Noble Gases Chemical Properties (use pages 142-145 in text) 59 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre D. HALOGENS A. METALS E. INERT GASES B. NON-METALS F. TRANSITION METALS C. METALLOIDS 60 G. ALKALI METALS H. GROUP 2 METALS I. CARBON FAMILY (P149) 61 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre

QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 62 QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. 63 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Page 63: page for absent students QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (LZW) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Non-metals Metals graphite all the rest carbon 62 63 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Periods and Energy Levels Each horizontal row is called a period. Periods tell us where

electrons go. Water / H2O. 1. Is a COMPOUND: Pure substance made of more than 1 type of atom 2. Is a MOLECULE: Group of atoms bonded together 3. Has 2 CHEMICAL BONDs: holds atoms together 4. Has a COVALENT BOND: Electrons are shared. Elements in the 1st row have 1 energy level. Elements in the 2nd row have 2 energy levels. Etc QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Each vertical column is a group or family. What do they have in common? 64 65 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT

Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Physical and Chemical Properties Use pages 138 , 140 and 142 In each box, take notes from the text- and also from your notebook pages. DEFINITION For each group or family, find at least 2 properties for each- 2 physical ones and 2 chemical ones Alkali Metals This is the main test review for tomorrow Physical Properties Chemical Properties EXAMPLES (at least 2 for EACH) (use page 142) Noble Gases (use page 142) Halogens (use page 142)

Metals (use page 140) 67 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre 68 69 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre 70 71 Science Notebook Layout DONT COPY UNDERLINED TEXT Mrs. Aguirres Webpage: http://www.quia.com/profiles/caguirre Isotopes Assessment Draw each of the 3 isotopes for oxygen: QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

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