Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint II You

Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint II  You

Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint II You will be shown textual representations of winter count images. Draw an image of the event described. Compare/contrast your drawing with the original keeper of the winter count. Good Luck! The Lone Dog Winter Count Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Cloud Shield (1840 1841) They stole many horses from the Snakes [Shoshoni].

American Horse says that his father, Sitting Bear, and others stole 200 horses from the Flatheads (Corbusier 1886:140). American Horse has this for 1840-41, too. For 1841-42 see also: Rosebud, Flame, Lone Dog, Major Bush, No Ears, and Swan Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Flame (1843 1844) Buffalo is scarce; an Indian makes medicine and brings them to the suffering.

Mato Sapa says: Dakotas were starving; made medicine to Great Spirit by painting buffalo head on their lodges; plenty came (Mallery 1886:118-19). See Rosebud, Lone Dog, and Swan. Visit ? http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Swan (1859 1860) A Minneconjou Dakota, named Big Crow,

was killed by the Crow Indians. Notes: He had received his name from killing a Crow Indian of unusual size (Mallery 1886:123). Several other calendars record this man's death. See also Good, Flame, Lone Dog, Major Bush, and No Ears. Rosebud marks it as 1860-61. Visit http:// wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: : Battiste Good (1877 1878)

Crazy Horse came to make peace and was killed with his hands stretched out winter. Notes: This refers to the well-known killing of the chief Crazy Horse while a prisoner (Mallery 1893:327). The Oglala warrior was killed when taken into custody at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. See also American Horse, Cloud Shield, No Ears, and Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint

Winter Count: Long Soldier (1880 1881) Soldiers fired into Sioux and captured Indians. Infantry, artillery and cavalry represented. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Rosebud (1880 1881) Children sent to school. Notes: Battiste Good records this event for the previous year, as do the counts of Firethunder and Wounded Bear. This may note the first time Sicangu children were sent to school, as indicated by the human figures inside a log building.

See Good's winter count. Visit http:// wintercounts.si.edu/index.html to view additional winter counts. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Cloud Shield (1788 1789) The winter was so cold that crows froze to death. Several counts mark this year when the winter was so cold, crows froze, including Rosebud, Flame, Good and White Cow Killer. White Cow Killer calls it "Many-black-crows-died winter" (Corbusier 1886:132). American Horse and

No Ears mark it for the following year 1789-90. Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html to view additional winter counts. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: : Lone Dog (1800 1801) Thirty Dakotas were killed by Crow Indians. Notes: The device consists of thirty parallel lines in three columns, the outer lines being united. In this chart, such black lines always signify the death of Dakotas killed by their enemies. The Absaroka or Crow tribe, although

belonging to the Siouan [language] family, has nearly always been at war with the Dakotas Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Lone Dog (1803 1804) They stole some "curly horses" from the Crows. Notes: Some of these horses are still on the plains, the hair growing in closely curling tufts. The device is a horse with black marks for the tufts. The

Crows are known to have been early in the possession of horses (Mallery 1893:273). White Cow Killer calls it Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Winter Count: Flame (1813-1814) Many Indians died of cold (consumption) (Mallery 1886:108). Notes: Most accounts agree that the disease was whooping cough. The discrepancy between diseases may

simply be one of translation. Some diseases were new to the Indians, having been brought to North America inadvertently by Europeans. Because these were new illnesses, Indian people Visit http://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html for additional information. ? Click Winter Counts (a closer look) PowerPoint Content provided by: Smithsonian: Natural Museum of Natural History Lakota Winter Counts -An Online Exhibithttp://wintercounts.si.edu/index.html

Lesson and PowerPoint provided by: South Dakota Office of Indian Education & South Dakota Public Broadcasting The Lone Dog Winter Count Click

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