Chapter 13 Postmodern Approaches 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning

Chapter 13 Postmodern Approaches 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning

Chapter 13 Postmodern Approaches 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Social Constructionism: Key Concepts Postmodernists assume there are multiple truths Reality is subjective: language both describes and creates our understanding of reality

Postmodernists strive for a collaborative and consultative stance -- social consensus Postmodern thought has had an impact on the development of theories in many fields Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (3) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Social Constructionism The client, not the therapist, is the expert Dialogue is used to elicit perspectives,

resources, and unique client experiences Questions empower clients to speak and to express their diverse positions The therapist supplies optimism and guides the process Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (1 ) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Social Constructionism Therapy Goals

Generate new meanings in the lives of clients Co-develop, with clients, solutions that are unique to the situation Enhance awareness of the impact of various aspects of the dominant culture on the individual Help people develop alternative ways of being, acting, knowing, and living-- re-write their script Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (2)

2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Post-Modern Approaches Solution Focused Brief Therapy Feminist Approach Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) Therapy grounded on a positive orientation-- people are healthy and competent (Rogers)

Past is downplayed, while present and future are highlighted (Rogers Existential, Gestalt) Therapy emphasizes what is working Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (4) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Therapists assist clients in finding

exceptions to their problems Emphasis is on constructing solutions rather than problem solving Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (5) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Basic Assumptions of SFBT Analyzing the problem is not necessary to find effective solutions What will be different in your life when your problem is solved?

People can create their own solutions Times when problem did not exist or was less severe Small changes lead to large changes Achievable changes Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (6) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Basic Assumptions of SFBT The client is the expert on his or her own life

The best therapy involves a collaborative partnership A therapists not knowing affords the client an opportunity to construct a solution These remind us of theories Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (7) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning

Questions in SFBT Asking how questions that imply change can be useful Effective questions focus attention on solutions Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (8) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Questions in SFBT Questions are used to:

Guide people to identify their resources Notice times when things were better Help people pay attention to what they are doing Open up possibilities to do something different Reminds concept of guided self- discovery from theory Favors how questions focused on solutions Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (9) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Types of Question Pre-therapy change

What have you done since you made the appointment that has made a difference in your problem? Exception questions Direct clients to times in their lives when the problem did not exist Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (11) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Techniques Used in SFBT Miracle question If a miracle happened and the problem you have was solved, what would be different in

your life? Stan Vignette- What would be different if you were not anxious all the time? Scaling questions On a scale of zero to 10, where zero is the worst you have been and 10 represents the problem being solved, where are you with respect to __________? 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Techniques Used in SFBT Formula First session Task From 1st to 2nd session- observe things in your life that you want to maintain

Therapist feedback at end of sessions Acknowledge client for work done Bridge-- rational for suggestion/homework Observational Task focus on positive changes Behavioral Task do more of; or do differently Types of Relationships in SFBT Customer-type relationship: Client and therapist jointly identify a problem and a solution to work toward Complainant relationship: A client describes a problem, but is not able or willing to take an active role in constructing a

solution Visitor: Client comes to therapy because someone else thinks they have a problem Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (10) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Contributions of SFBP Optimistic orientation helps clients make significant moves toward building more satisfying lives in a relatively short period of time

The postmodern approaches dim view of diagnosis remind us that people cannot be reduced to a specific problem Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (27) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Contributions of SFBP Major strength: use of questioning to generate solutions Brief therapy has been shown to be effective for a wide range of clinical problems

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (28) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning Limitations of the Postmodern Approaches Therapists must be skilled in implementing brief interventions Therapists may employ techniques in a mechanistic fashion

Reliance on techniques may detract from building a therapeutic relationship Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 13 (29) 2013 Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Technology Based Conferencing Services Vendor Conference Pre ...

    Technology Based Conferencing Services Vendor Conference Pre ...

    EIR accessibility means that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the electronic information resources. It addresses all conditions that affect access to EIR including visual, auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, and neurological disabilities.
  • Oral Cavity  Control of Salivary Secretions  By autonomic

    Oral Cavity Control of Salivary Secretions By autonomic

    cephalic phase, gastric phase, and. intestinal phase. The Stomach. Figure 22-15 The Phases of Gastric Secretion. The Stomach. Figure 22-15 The Phases of Gastric Secretion. The Stomach. Figure 22-15 The Phases of Gastric Secretion. The Stomach. The Stomach.
  • Thank you for attending Back to School Night!

    Thank you for attending Back to School Night!

    Your child will also be responsible for three sight words to study each week. Weekly word study words are given based on each student's level of development. Word study practice is conducted each day in the classroom. Words are sorted...
  • Present Tense Verb Conjugation Review

    Present Tense Verb Conjugation Review

    Present Tense Verb Conjugation Review ... hablar hablo hablas habla hablamos habláis hablan -ER verbs Color the endings according to the pattern established with your subject pronouns. o es e emos éis en Here is a sample verb conjugated: comer...
  • Counting Bacteria - University of Windsor

    Counting Bacteria - University of Windsor

    Filename: CelCount.ppt Hugh B. Fackrell Presentation Outline Direct Counts Microscopic Electronic counter Dilution series Membrane filtration Indirect Counts Optical density Weight of culture Chemical Direct Counts: Microscopic Calibrated stained smear Counting chamber Epifluorescence Calibrated Stained Smear Petroff- Hauser Counting Chamber...
  • Chapter 18 Classification - Humble Independent School District

    Chapter 18 Classification - Humble Independent School District

    Classification. The grouping of items (living or non-living) based on similarities. The branch of biology concerned with the grouping and naming of organisms is known as taxonomy. ... Pterophytes- No pollen, no seeds, no fruits. Commonly called ferns.
  • Self, perception and communication - srsiwok

    Self, perception and communication - srsiwok

    Sensation. Psychologists define sensation as the registration of properties of an object or event that occurs when a type of receptor ( as the retina and the skin) is stimulated (Kosslynn and Rosenberg, 2006) Sensation arise when enough physical energy...
  • History of anticoagulant therapy

    History of anticoagulant therapy

    History of anticoagulant therapy. 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010. Anticoagulant in spoiled sweet clover (K.P. Link) First clinical use of 4-hydroxycoumarin (O. Meyer et al) Warfarin mechanism elucidated (J. Suttie) Warfarin dosing/INR. Warfarin clinical...