I. Beginning of the Enlightenment II. Conflicting views:

I. Beginning of the Enlightenment II. Conflicting views:

I. Beginning of the Enlightenment II. Conflicting views: Hobbes vs. Locke III.The Philosphes IV.New economic thinking ENLIGHTENMENT AND AMERICAN REVOLUTION 17.1 17.2 THE AGE OF REASON Is it easier to complain, or come up with new ideas to fix a situation? Warm-Up Question: What do dislike about LCHS? What suggestions do you have to make this school better? Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. -

Rousseau WHAT DOES THIS MEAN, AND HOW DID IDEAS LIKE THIS START A DEMOCRATIC REVOLUTION AROUND THE WORLD? IDEAS ARE GREAT, WAR IS VIOLENT eas d i t a If gre iolence, to v d a e l e the r

a n the ruly t s a id e ? great 1. During the Renaissance, people began to question medieval ideas, emphasize individual potential (humanism), & encourage education 2. During the Age of Exploration, the discovery of new

lands & trade routes led Europeans to search for other new things 3. During the Protestant Reformation, people began to question church teachings, freely explore new ideas, & tolerate other religions 4. During the Age of Absolute Monarchs, powerful kings spent lavishly, fought expensive wars, & ruled without regard to their nations people 5. The Scientific Revolution of 1500s and 1600s transformed the way

people in Europe looked at the world. Galileo, Copernicus, Newton created machines and theories that educated people of the power of human Reason. A Belief that natural law, or rules discoverable by reason, governed scientific forces was beginning to be applied to other ideas. During the Scientific Revolution, scholars applied logic, perfected the scientific method, & made new discoveries that shattered old ideas i. BEGINNING OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT From 1650 to 1800, European philosophers began rethinking old ideas about

government, religion, and economics which led to an era known as the Enlightenment (also called the Age of Reason) II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs. It is not Wisdom, LOCKE but authority that makes Law. - Thomas Hobbes THOMAS HOBBES JOHN LOCKE https://youtu.be/b2NnEfhQ15M II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs.

LOCKE 1. thomas What kind of hobbes One of the government do you think I thinkers of like? first political the Enlightenment was Thomas Hobbes Hobbes was bothered by the English Civil War & chaos that plagued England after the beheading of King Charles I MONARCHY!

Hobbes believed that humans are naturally Cruel , selfish , & hungry for power; Hobbes argued that people need to be Protected from themselves II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs. LOCKE 1. thomas The condition of hobbes Hobbes supported man... is a condition of war of everyone absolute monarchy against everyone. rule by

He used scientific reasoning to argue that only kings with absolute power could maintain order in Society What do you think about that? Hobbes believed in an idea called the Social Contract: people give up power & rights to a king who provides Law & order Wrote Leviathan arguing that people without laws would be chaos II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs. are LOCKE People basically 2. Johnphilosopher Locke English

John What type of Locke disagreed with the ideasdo Government you think I of Hobbes supported? He was influenced by the Glorious Revolution when the Bill of Rights was created to protect Citizens' rights Locke believed that people are born with Natural rights , including Life, liberty property Locke argued that kings could (and should) be overthrown if they Violate peoples rights reasonable and

moral. II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs. LOCKE 2. John Locke limited or Locke supported constitutional monarchies Locke believed that government power came from the consent of the governed (approval of the people) & that kings should protect the rights of the people Wrote Two Treatises on Government arguing that governments were supposed to protect the rights of the people.

II. CONFLICTING VIEWS: HOBBES vs. LOCKE 2. John Locke Lockes ideas would influence the American Revolution Ben Franklin, Thomas and Jefferson James Madison echoed his ideas. Lockes idea of the right of revolution would persuade America, France and many Latin American countries rebel

to QUICK WRITING PROMPT: WHOS IDEAS ARE RIGHT: HOBBES OR LOCKE? Hobbes Locke People are naturally People are selfish & act out of reasonable & able self-interest to make decisions Without govt control, Freedom & liberty society would be are moreeaimportant chaotic ld m n u o w

is h T than order his would T ople & safety e p t a Peoplemeare h t like an that a h a ve a n ld u o h

s r o y People should be children a rchneed ir Mona& e h t in t u inp ader. le g

n o r t s ent. strong father to able ernmoverthrow govto keep them in line kings who abuse their SHOULD power FOLLOW WRITE A PAGE ON WHY AMERICA THIS PHILOSOPHY

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