Pojman against Relativism - Texas A&M University

Pojman against Relativism - Texas A&M University

Ethical Relativism Relevant Terms Subjective Relativism (Subjectivism) The view that right actions are those sanctioned by a person Cultural Relativism (Conventionalism) The view that right actions are those sanctioned by ones culture

Moral Objectivism The view that there are moral norms or principles that are valid or true for everyone The argument for Relativism P1. Beliefs about what is right and wrong differ across cultures (the Diversity thesis). P2. What is right and wrong is dependent upon, or relative to, culture (the Dependency thesis). -- C. Thus, there is no objective right and wrong.

The argument appears valid, and thus to defeat the conclusion Pojman will need to defeat at least one of the premises. P1 is simply a statement of fact, and thus hard to overcome. Thus the weaker premise is P2. The strength of P2 resides in the nature of the dependency implied by the

premise, i.e. what degree of dependency does the relativist require to uphold the conclusion, and can sufficient fault be found to undermine the argument? Strong vs. Weak Dependency Weak Dependency - expressions of a moral belief X can differ across culture Strong Dependency - the moral belief X itself can differ across culture

To make the argument stick, the relativist is going to have to claim strong dependence. The attack on P2 If relativism is correct, it leads to two possible interpretations: Subjectivism: morality is dependent on individuals, not culture Conventionalism: morality is dependent on culture

For Pojmans attack to be successful, he will have to show that both subjectivism and conventionalism are false. Subjectivism leads to absurd conclusions Conventionalism collapses into Subjectivism

'morality' has no meaning no interpersonal criticism is possible How do we determine what a society is? How is reform possible within a conventionalist system? No intercultural moral critique is possible. In addition, relativism (in both forms) entails relativ tolerance. If so, then relativism entails at least

one objective moral value (tolerance). If so, then relativism is not true for all moral values. Alternatives to Relativism Moral Objectivism- there are some (at least one) universalizable moral principles. Moral Absolutism - there are some (at least one) universalizable moral principles which are inviolable.

The nature of universalizable principles Alleviation of suffering Avoid/resolve social conflicts Promote human flourishing/survival Pojmans argument for Objectivism P1. Objective moral principles are those adherence to which meet the needs and

promote the most significant needs of persons. P2. Some principles are such that adherence to them meets and promotes the significant needs of persons. -- C1. Thus, there are some objective moral rules.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • TUDOR TOP TRUMPS - WordPress.com

    TUDOR TOP TRUMPS - WordPress.com

    Cardinal Reginald Pole TD. Stephen Gardiner BG. Cuthbert Tunstall AN. Hugh Latimer HW. Nicholas Ridley CW. Elizabeth Barton AG. Henry de la Pole, 1st Baron Montague IJ. Margaret de la Pole UC. Edmund de la Pole KD. Edward Stafford MD....
  • Prokaryotes Play a crucial role in the biosphere (27-5 ...

    Prokaryotes Play a crucial role in the biosphere (27-5 ...

    Two major classification domains: the bacteria and archaea. Founds in all types of habitats . ... Can be considered decomposers and also scavengers . A worm can remove the skin or various tissues to sped up decay . Can expose...
  • Viticulture: Addressing climate, soils, nutrition, pest ...

    Viticulture: Addressing climate, soils, nutrition, pest ...

    Viticulture:Addressing climate, soils, nutrition, pest management to achieve consistent quality. Paul Domoto. Iowa State University. The Northern Grapes Project is funded by the USDA's Specialty Crops Research Initiative Program of the National Institute for Food and Agriculture, Project #2011-51181-30850
  • Headline 24pt Arial Bold - IFAC

    Headline 24pt Arial Bold - IFAC

    Review the key issues noted in the comment letters. ... Confusion over bullets 2 and 3 (the second bullet is routine in that the entry is recurring and taken directly from a source document and the third bullet is an...
  • Case Law & Commission Updates - Evans & Dixon

    Case Law & Commission Updates - Evans & Dixon

    Case Law & Commission Updates Maria W. Daugherty [email protected] 314-552-4124 Danny L. Harris v. Ralls County No. 09-018179 (Mo. Lab. & Indust.
  • CSP North East Regional Network - csp.org.uk

    CSP North East Regional Network - csp.org.uk

    Draft LBP Guidelines - Diarmaid Ferguson, Clinical Specialist in Rehabilitation, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Trust. Talipes- Changes "afoot" - Dr Amanda Trees - ESP - South Tees NHS Foundation Trust "Post ICU Rehab - is it survival of the fittest? "...
  • CPRJ3451 Final Year Project - cse.dmu.ac.uk

    CPRJ3451 Final Year Project - cse.dmu.ac.uk

    IMAT3451 Final Year Project 2011-2012 Options Day Briefing These slides are available at: http://www.cse.dmu.ac.uk/projects/
  • Nursing Home Incident Command System (NHICS) 2017 Revision

    Nursing Home Incident Command System (NHICS) 2017 Revision

    Keep in mind that any activation may have all or one of the IMT positions activated. The size of the IMT is based on the size and complexity of the incident and its impact on your facility. The IMT chart...