Poetry Vocabulary - English Literature with Mr.MrTz

Poetry Vocabulary - English Literature with Mr.MrTz

POETRY TRY PoEtry By Mr.Mrtz March 23rd 2011 Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Poetry Poetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas, feelings and paints a picture in the reader s mind. Most poems were written to be read aloud. Poems may or may not rhyme. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Form The form of a poem is the way that it looks on the page. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com PoeTRY Attitude What Bugs Me When my teacher tells me to write a poem. When my mother tells me to clean up my room. When my sister practices her violin while Im watching TV. When my father tells me to turn off the TV and do my homework. When my brother picks a fight with me and I have to go to bed early. When my School Principal obliges me to pray in the morning assembly. When English Literature does not pick me when I know the answer. When. When my teacher asks me to get up in front of the class and read the poem I wrote on the school bus.

Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Figurative Language and other poetic devices Figurative language Simile Metaphor Hyperbole Idiom Personification Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Figurative Language Words and phrases that help the reader picture things in a new way. Example: She heard music when he kissed her. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Imagery Words or phrases that appeal to the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Imagery is what helps you paint a picture or imagine what is happening or what the poet is feeling.

Example: The hamburgers sizzled on the grill Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Simile A comparison of two things using the words like or as. Her smile was bright like the sun! The peach was as delicious as a kiss. My dog is as mean as a snake. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Metaphor A comparison of two things WITHOUT using as or like His face is a puzzle to me, I can never figure out what he is thinking. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Personification Giving an animal or an object human qualities. My dog smiles at me. The house glowed with happiness. The car was irritated when she pumped it full of cheap gas. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Tone The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood

or moral view. A writer can be formal, informal, playful, ironic, and especially, optimistic or pessimistic. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Assonance Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry Examples of ASSONANCE: Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing. - John Masefield Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep. - William Shakespeare Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Symbolism When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents or stands for something else. = Innocence

= America =Peace Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Idiom An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. Ex. Its raining cats and dogs. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Hyperbole Obvious and intentional exaggeration EX: There are a million people in here! I could sleep for a year! I have a ton of homework tonight! Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com No Where Near the End!!! There is so much more to poetry....we have only scratched the surface..... Lets try now, Haiku..your royal majesty coming from the Japanese bamboo and Jomon-Wodynasties.

Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku In ancient times, a Japanese man would court the woman he loved by writing a haiku for her. She would thank him by writing a poem called a tanka for him. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku Haiku is one of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry. Haiku is a 17 syllable verse form consisting of three metrical units of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Syllable counts are often ignored when written in other languages, but the basic form of three short lines, with the middle line slightly longer than the other two is usually observed. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku -Haiku provides a tiny lens through which to glimpse the miracle and mystery of life. -Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry usually about nature. It has a certain pattern that does not rhyme. It usually describes something in nature like: flowers, trees, animals, seasons & weather. itchy eyes

watery and swollen prickly pollen. Photo by cato; Haiku by joey connolly Web Dont Teach; INSPIRE! 3,780 www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku Characteristics Very Short: just three lines (usually fewer than twenty syllables long). Descriptive: most haiku focus sharply on a detail of nature or everyday life. Personal: most haiku express a reaction to or reflection on what is described. Divided into two parts. The turning point, often marked by a dash or colon, shifts the intent from description to reflection or from close-up to a broader perspective Dont Teach; INSPIRE!

www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku The years first day thoughts and loneliness; the autumn dusk is here. Very Short Descriptive Personal Divided into two parts Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku Write a haiku based on a particular location in your school. Use at least one word that you brainstormed on your template. You may vary from the five-seven-five syllable count, but you must have three lines following the model of short, long, short. Although haiku do no traditionally have titles, you may title your haiku. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

Haiku Review: Form Traditional Japanese Haiku have 17 syllables Syllable count often ignored in other languages (Include English and Spanish) Basic form of 3 short lines, with the middle line slightly longer, is usually observed. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku Review: Structure Haiku divide into 2 parts, with a break coming after the first or second line, so that the poem seems to separate statements that are related in some unexpected or indirect way. Japanese poets use a cutting word; Other poets mark the break with punctuation. This two part structure prompts a sense of discovery and insight. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Haiku Review: Subject Haiku present a snapshot of everyday experience. Haiku poets find their subject matter in the world around them. It usually deals with nature. Peaceful and quiet The children as quiet as Twigs on an oak tree. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

Do you haiku? See some examples Relate Haiku and pictures a All I see is white Wind blowing all around me Breaking up silence. ______ b The leaves fell slowly To the unforgiving ground Too soon summers gone._____ A pond shimmering The sun shines brightly on it In the early dawn._____ c e d Snow, softly, slowly Settles at dusk in a dance Of white The trees with no leaves. butterflies._____ On a winter day near school. Lonely, sad, dry, trees. _____ Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabication SYLLABICATION: also syllabification. The division of a word into

syllables: either phonologically, in terms of speech sounds, or orthographically, in terms of letters. SYLLABLE: The smallest unit of speech that normally occurs in isolation, consisting of either a vowel alone or a combination of vowel and consonant(s) A syllable standing alone is a monosyllable, and may be a word in its own right, as with a, an, big, cat, no, the, yes. A word containing many syllables is a polysyllable or polysyllabic word, such as selectivity and utilitarianism. A disyllable or disyllabic word has two syllables, a trisyllable or trisyllabic word has three. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabication Basic Syllable Rules 1. To find the number of syllables: ---count the vowels in the word, ---subtract any silent vowels, (like the silent "e" at the end of a word or the second vowel when two vowels a together in a syllable) ---subtract one vowel from every dipthong, (diphthongs only count as one vowel sound.) ---the number of vowels sounds left is the same as the number of syllables. The number of syllables that you hear when you pronounce a word is the same as the number of vowels sounds heard. For example: The word "came" has 2 vowels, but the "e" is silent, leaving one vowel sound and one syllable. The word "outside" has 4 vowels, but the "e" is silent and the "ou" is a diphthong which counts as only one sound, so this word has only two vowels sounds and therefore, two syllables. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabicatio n

2. Divide between two middle consonants. Split up words that have two middle consonants. For example: hap/pen, bas/ket, let/ter, sup/per, din/ner, and Den/nis. The only exceptions are the consonant digraphs. Never split up consonant digraphs as they really represent only one sound. The exceptions are "th", "sh", "ph", "th", "ch", and "wh". 3. Usually divide before a single middle consonant. When there is only one syllable, you usually divide in front of it, as in: "o/pen", "i/tem", "e/vil", and "re/port". The only exceptions are those times when the first syllable has an obvious short sound, as in "cab/in". Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabication 4. Divide before the consonant before an "-le" syllable. When you have a word that has the old-style spelling in which the "-le" sounds like "-el", divide before the consonant before the "-le". For example: "a/ble", "fum/ble", "rub/ble" "mum/ble" and "thi/stle". The only exception to this are "ckle" words like "tick/le". 5. Divide off any compound words, prefixes, suffixes and roots which have vowel sounds. Split off the parts of compound words like "sports/car" and "house/boat". Divide off prefixes such at "un/happy", "pre/paid", or "re/write". Also divide off suffixes as in the words "farm/er", "teach/er", "hope/less" and "care/ful". In the word "stop/ping", the suffix is actually "-ping" because this word follows the rule that when you add "-ing" to a word with one syllable, you double the last consonant and add the "-ing". Dont Teach; INSPIRE!

www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabication 1-The word remainder has... a. b. c. d. e. six syllables four syllables five syllables three syllables two syllables Look at this question again..... the word remainder has... 3 syllables. this word has four vowels but the 'i' is silent. that leaves us with three vowel sounds. the number of vowel sounds=the number of syllables. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabicatio n Dividing Words into Syllables 1.The word "sportscar" is divided... A.sports/car B.sport/scar C.spor/ts/car D.can't divide it 2.The word "boil" is divided... A.bo/il B.boi/l C.bo/i/l D.can't divide it

3.The word "cowboys" is divided... A.co/wboys B.cow/boy/s C.cow/boys D.can't divide it 4.The word "graveyard" is divided... A.gra/v/yard B.grave/yard C.gra/ve/yard D.can't divide it 10The word "wily" is divided A. wi/ly B. wil/y 5.The word "photocell" is divided... C. w/i/ly D. can't divide it A.pho/to/cell 11.The word "remember" is B.photo/cell divided... C.pho/toc/ell A. re/memb/er D.can't divide it B. rem/em/ber C.re/mem/ber 6.The word "ruthless" is D. can't divide it A.ruth/less 12.The word "produce" is B.ru/th/less divided... C.rut/h/les/s A. prod/uce D.can't divide it B. pro/duce C.pro/du/ce 7.The word "latter" is divided... D. can't divide it A.la/tter

13.The word "starfleet" is B.latt/er divided C.lat/ter A. starf/leet D.can't divide it B. star/fleet 8.The word "sorrow" is divided C.star/f/leet A.so/rrow D. can't divide it B.sorr/ow 14.The word "sparkle" is C.sor/row divided D.can't divide it A. spark/le 9.The word "eternal" is divided B. spar/kle A. e/ter/nal C.spar/k/le B. et/er/nal D. can't divide it C. e/tern/al D. can't divide it Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabicatio n Dividing Words into Syllables 15.The word "antidisestablishmentarianism" is divided... A.anti/dis/establish/ment/a/ri/an/ism B.an/ti/dis/establish/ment/arian/ism C.an/ti/dis/es/tab/lish/ment/a/ri/an/ism

D.can't divide it 16.The word "Jesus" is divided A.Jes/us B.Jesus C.Je/sus D. can't divide it 17.The word "Doyle" is divided A.Doy/le B.Do/yle C.Doyl/e D. can't divide it 18. The word literature is divided A.li/te/ra/tu/re B.li/te/ra/ture C.lit/er/a/ture D.li/te/rat/ure Circle the word that is correctly divided. 19.pent-a-gon *pen-ta-gon *penta-gon* can't divide 20.pant-hei-sm *pan-theis-m* pan-the-ism* can't divide 21.mer-lin* merl-in* me-rlin* can't divide 22.cy-st* c-yst* cys-t* can't divide 23.ag-nost-ic*a-gnos-tic* ag-nos-tic* can't divide 24.cir-cumvent*cir-cum-vent* ci-rcum-vent* can't divide 25.to-il*toi-l* t-oil* can't divide 26.bib-li-o-phile* bi-bli-o-phile* bib-lio-phile* can't divide 27.by-te* byt-e* b-yte* can't divide 28.am-bi-dext-rous* am-bi-dex-trous* amb-id-ex-trous* can't divide 29.hypo-dermic* hyp-oder-mic* hy-po-der-mic* can't divide 30.con-ste-llat-ion* con-stel-la-tion* constellation* can't divide Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabication in Haiku Discussions about how to preserve the structure of the haiku have taken place in different arenas. Modern Haiku writers do not agree

in writing the haiku with the symmetry of 5-7-5 syllables total 17 syllables. They claimed that Haiku is used to express a specific moment of inspiration about nature rather than following a preestablished pattern. It is fundamental to keep the essence of the Haiku though. In japanese, the rules for how to write Haiku are clear, and will not be discussed in our literature class. In foreign languages, there exist NO consensus in how to write Haiku-poems. Anyway, let's take a look at the basic knowledge: See the red berries Fallen like little footprints On the garden snow. See / the / red / ber / ries 5 Syllables Fal / len / like/ lit / tle foot / prints 7 Syllables On / the / gar / den / snow. 5 Syllables Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Syllabicatio n Temple bells die out The fragrant blossoms remain A perfect evening. _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Looking for the moon In a lonely autumn sky - mountain castle lights. _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Dont Teach; INSPIRE!

www.mrtz08.wordpress.com haiku/HAIKU Journal STEP 1/ Rules: 3-short lines 1-nature word 1-cutting word no rhyme or metaphor (17 syllables, 5-7-5) To spur your imagination, make a chart of descriptive words that you may want to incorporate into your HAIKU. Fill in a chart with 4 sections, one for each location. Try and write 40 words. What do you like or dislike about the places. Portales Forest Gardens Walkways STEP 2/ Now, Read and try your own haiku/HAIKU On a fall Sunday I was reading a comic book Until it fell In summer one day

- Akio Kaneko When the sun shone very brightly His eyes were golden A thin dog barks - Morishige Nobusato at an empty house red camelias gall At midnight Night, in winter - Ryo Imagawa Seating myself on a chair I awoke at sunrise There are a lot of lights, voices and music - H. Nose sounds at the summer festival - Gen Fukuyama One day of early spring A snowman melts I drink it The rainy season Sparrows taking shelter Raindrops,too - Kenjiro HIgashi Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com haiku>Japanese/HAIKU>Other languages Japanese haiku ________________________ __________________________________ ________________________ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Other languages HAIKU ______________________________________ ______________________________________

______________________________________ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words Poets use descriptive words to create the feelings or ideas they wish to express. The leaves trembling and bowing down. Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Wind is invisible; wind moves Q:What are some other words that would show that the wind was blowing? A:GUSTING, WHOOSHING AND BREATHING WIND MATCH PRACTICE Match the sentences showing these objects using wind. The kite twirled in the breeze. The weather vane was spinning. The balloon floated away in the sky. The windmill rotated slowly. The sail boat slid over the glassy sea.

Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words SOUND ringing cheeping gasping smashing piercing peeping whooping tinkling raucous chattering crooning bellowing sobbing bumping snarling growling pitch

crying thumping burping croaking clattering yapping keening splashing yelping rustling volume squealing howling barking sniveling moaning pealing tone rattling

grunting clanging coughing quacking whining gagging fizzing wheezing honking hissing bawling trumpeting swishing sneezing rumbling bubbling ripping cooing chirping shouting

shuffling tearing popping roaring thunderous scratching snorting crashing crunching cackling tolling clucking silent tapping soothing crowing tranquil melodious cacophonous

singing quiet tune loud tinkling noisy rhythmic mumbling twittering din beat blaring cawing racket chattering murmuring whistling clapping booming whispering

mewing snapping snoring yelling mooing crackling sighing Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words TOUCH AND TEXTURE pressed damp fluted tickling sculptured dry knobbed raw corugated

downy chapped scratchy dirty grimy sopping itching abrasive dusty scaled rasping prickly clammy pulpy kiss scarred glossy wet pocked tweedy

matte moist woolly hard foamy dank patina gripped burning hairy soft cottony scorching furry bumpy rocking cushioned fluffy searing

fuzzy boiling sheer sheen scalding stinging sandy warm shiny polished hot engraved gritty inlaid soapy bubbly grooved cool glassy ivory

biting sharp rutted piercing silky numbing velvety smooth freezing steely keen icy corduroy grainy cold metallic fine waxy coarse

greasy curdled slimy splintered lacy tangled spiky slippery creamy matted slick shaggy bushy fiery stubbly Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words COLOR AND VISUAL QUALITIES red saffron

bright dark scarlet gold dull light carnelian silver rose chocolate crimson chrome lilac sienna salmon lime copper vermilion yellow

bronze avocado coral primrose pale purple lemon canary violet ashed cerise gamboge ruddy mahogany topaz blue amber ebony flushed maroon

amethyst crystalline cyan navy wine white poppy cobalt burgundy olive fuchsia turquoise claret drab chartreuse orchid brillant clear black

obsidian transparent khaki opaque translucent lavender glassy jet gay rust carmine sapphire dun cordovan indigo milky tan grizzly ocher flesh

buff brindle umber peach mustard ultramarine snowy chestnut green smoky sepia mint brass walnut pearl aqua ruby emerald twinkling

bistre sooty shimmering jade plum charcoal maize lake irridescent garnet slate spruce puce magenta sable pearly aquamarine ivory henna citrine

onyx azure cream orange pink mauve Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words SMELL perfumed lilac earthy stinking fetid loamy lemon scent odor fragrance

sweaty sharp rose lime rotten biting pungent musty plastic acrid flowery fishy mildewed spicy acid moldy doggy nauseating redolent skunky

dirty sweet tart minty moist putrid sour fresh musty spoiled Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Descriptive Words PATTERN AND SHAPE round parallel narrow reticulated crested wide

flat spherical globe rounded shallow drooping erect dappled rolling orb hemisphere ball shapely checkered adjacent curved pied concentric triangle sharp

short depressed swollen long concave pyramid cone convex streamlined sunken square diagonal contoured protruding banded terrain horizontal rectangle cube vertical

aquiline veined cylinder depth disc palmate box width plate pinnate spiked thread height arc elliptic length worm-like crowned cupped

serpentine girth crescent pentagon breadth sinuous baggy tight winding spotted oval hexagon octagon tetrahedral solid lanky corkscrew helix curly frail

polyhedron trapezoid thin fat crystalline fanned oval pointed plump ovate ellipsoidal Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com This presentation was designed by Mr.Mrtz If you want to have it, please ask him for per/mis/sion. www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Dont Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

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