Ocean Climate Indices from Data - CLIVAR

Ocean Climate Indices from Data - CLIVAR

OOPC report: Framework, indices, and the deep ocean Albert Fischer and Eric Lindstrom CLIVAR SSG-18, 2-5 May 2011 Building a common vision for ocean observations Provision of routine and sustained global information on the marine environment sufficient to meet societys needs for describing, understanding and forecasting marine variability (including physical, biogeochemical, ecosystems and living marine resources), weather, seasonal to decadal climate variability, climate change, sustainable management of living marine resources, and assessment of longer term trends post-OO09 Working Group

OceanObs09: calls for action (1) Calls on all nations and governments to fully implement by 2015 the initial physical and carbon global ocean observing system originally envisioned at OceanObs99, and refined at OceanObs'09. (2) Calls on all nations and governments to commit to the implementation and international coordination of systematic global biogeochemical and biological observations, guided by the outcomes of OceanObs09, and taking into account regional variations in ecosystems. 3 OceanObs09: calls for action (3) Invites governments and organizations to embrace a framework for planning and moving forward with an enhanced global sustained ocean observing system over the next decade, integrating new physical, biogeochemical,

biological observations while sustaining present observations. Recommendations on this Framework, considering how to best take advantage of existing structures, will be developed by an post-Conference working group of limited duration. (4) Urges the ocean observing community to increase our efforts to achieve the needed level of timely data access, sensor readiness and standards, best practices, data management, uncertainty estimates, and integrated data set availability. (5) Asks governments, organizations, and the ocean observing community to increase their efforts in capacity-building and education. 4 Sponsorship

IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO GEO Group on Earth Observations CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites POGO Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans SCOR Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research GCOS Global Climate Observing System GOOS Global Ocean Observing System JCOMM Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology PICES North Pacific Marine Science Organization ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea

CoML Census of Marine Life IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme WCRP World Climate Research Programme 5 Task Team Membership January 2011 A Simple System Input (Requirements) Output (Data & Products) Process (Observations)

April 2011 Structure of the Framework Issues Requirement What to Measure Data Assembly Data Products Issues Impact Essential Ocean Variables Argo SOOP

Satellite Constellation VOS IMOS Satellite IOOS April 2011

Observations Framework Flow: Requirements April 2011 Framework Flow: Observations April 2011 Framework Flow: Data Products April 2011

Framework: Societal Driver 2010 Weather & Climate UNFCCC/IPCC WCRP April 2011 Framework: Societal Drivers Next Decade Regional Regional Seas CCAMLR Fisheries FAO RFMOs Ecosystem Assessments Global Marine (UN)

services/ TWAP (GEF) Biology CBD Regional CSD Real-time services WSSD Emergency support Weather & Climate UNFCCC/IPCC WCRP Climate services Ocean forecasting Data Products Requirements

Expanded EOVs Expanded observing systems and networks April 2011 Readiness Levels Mature: Requirements, systems, and data become elements of the sustained global ocean observing system. Pilot: Plans evolve from draft to projects and vetted in real-world implementation. Concept:

Initial articulation of ideas, and appropriate feasibility studies. In in s a c re Attributes: Peer review of ideas and studies at science, engineering, and data management community level. e R g

s s e n adi els v e L Attributes: Planning, negotiating, testing, and approval within appropriate local, regional, global arenas. April 2011

Attributes: Products of the global ocean observing system are well understood, documented, consistently available, and of societal benefit. Key Concepts of the Framework Articulated for global sustained ocean observing systems Designed for multidisciplinary approach Builds on existing structures and best practices Introduces Essential Ocean Variables as the common

language Assesses readiness based on feasibility and impact integrates developmental activity (R&D) into the framework Seeks to connect requirements setting process directly to scientific and society needs (with feedback from products) Systems approach better defines interfaces for all actors in the framework, promoting collaborative alignment of independent groups/communities/networks January 2011 Aligning organizations to implement the Framework The team considered several approaches for governing the Framework

Characterized by Simplicity Based on Functional Needs Bring Stakeholders Together Nominal Operating Costs Requires ongoing engagement of international sponsors and other bodies Recommends establishment of a Framework Steering Group: representatives of international sponsors of OO09, including WCRP ephemeral, not permanent allow progress to more permanent governance structure 4 April 2011, Exeter Structure of the Framework

Issues Requirement What to Measure Data Assembly Data Products Issues Impact Essential Ocean Variables Argo SOOP Satellite

Constellation VOS IMOS Satellite IOOS April 2011

Observations OOPC Terms of Reference Develop recommendations for a sustained global ocean observing system, in support of WCRP, GOOS, and GCOS climate objectives, including recommendations for phased implementation Help develop a process for ongoing evaluation and evolution of the observing system and its recommendations

Support global ocean observing activities by involved parties, through liaison and advocacy for the agreed observing plans 1 April 2011, OOPC-15 Decisions and Actions from OOPC-14 19-22 January 2010, NOAA/AOML, Miami FL, USA Improve societal relevance of OOPC ocean climate indices http://ioc-goos-oopc.org improve suite: indices for tropical cyclones (heat content, storm energy), think about deep ocean indices (high uncertainty from low obs.) reverse presentation for impacts view Start with specific examples: SW Australia drought; South Florida rainfall; S. California; E. Africa seasonal rainfall link to key ocean climate indices Encourage feedback: wiki format to allow input, blog with overview

Surface Ocean Indices http://ioc-goos-oopc.org/state_of_the_ocean/ 1 April 2011, OOPC-15 ioc-goos-oopc.org/wiki/ 1 April 2011, OOPC-15 Deep Ocean Observing Strategy (Workshop 30 March 1 April 2011) High Level Outline for Strategy built on FOO

Rationale and science drivers (Climate, Carbon Chemistry, Biodiversity/Ecosystems) The Essential Ocean Variables for the deep ocean Strategy for developing/improving recommendations Strategy for observing: existing, scalable, and potential observing networks and programs; addressing readiness Strategy for data management and policy Strategy to develop information to answer the questions (rationale and science drivers) Priorities [phased implementation] Strategy for integration and development (roll-out of strategy) Deep Ocean Observing Strategy Executive committee responsible for monitoring progress Eric Lindstrom (OOPC/FOO) Bob Molinari (WCRP/CLIVAR)

Albert Fischer (OOPC) Kathy Tedesco (IOCCP) Bill Westermeyer (GCOS) Myriam Sibuet (post-CoML) Initial Core writing [bold: co-leads] climate [could have sub-organization] Greg Johnson Stephen Riser Bernadette Sloyan Brian King Patrick Heimbach Detlef Stammer sea level: ? circulation: ? [include tracers] carbon/biogeochemistry Rik Wanninkhof Toste Tanhua biogeochemistry, and interface with ecology/biodiversity

[US: OCB] carbon capture/storage, sedimentary flows [Peter Haugen] biodiversity and ecosystems contacts developed from Myriam Sibuet Reggie Beach (NOAA ocean exploration)

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