George Whitefield (1714 -1770) Born in Gloucester 1714
George Whitefield (1714 -1770) Born in Gloucester 1714 Mother kept Bell Inn not very prosperous At 15 worked in Inn for 18 months till mother retired. At 18 entered Pembroke College, Oxford At Oxford Became serious in his religious convictions. Visited city prison read to prisoners Became acquainted with John and Charles Wesley. Led a life of self denial.
At Oxford George Whitefield read Scougals 'Life of God in the Heart of man' William Law 'Serious Call'
Baxter's 'Call to the Unconverted' Matthew Henry's 'Commentary' Scripture '...I got more true knowledge from reading the book of God in one month than
I could ever have acquired from all the writings of men'. Ministerial beginnings. 1736 Ordained by Bishop Benson of Gloucester (aged 22). Preached first sermon at St. Mary-le-Crypt, Gloucester. Large congregation. Whitefield said he was comforted as he felt the Lord's presence. Some mocked. 15 driven mad by first sermon (conviction of the Holy Spirit) the prelate hoped the madness would last. Resumed studies at Oxford completed his BA. Ministerial duties at Tower Chapel, London (2 months). During this time
Whitefield preached in many London churches. Preached in Gloucester, Bristol and Stonehouse before leaving for America in 1737. Whitefield's style of preaching Preached extempore Eloquent speaker Spoke to the people direct Compassionate. Preached the doctrine of regeneration (new birth). Preached to poor, illiterate people.
Popular preacher Churches crowded In 34 years of ministry preached publicly c. 18000 times. George Whitefield, oil painting by John Wollaston, c. 1742. The Granger Collection, New York George Whitefields portable pulpit. Moorfields, April 9, 1742 First known use of the portable pulpit Preached to over 20,000 people. He preached more than 2,000 times using a portable pulpit to in the open air.
Went early to fairgrounds and drew large crowds. People threw stones, eggs and a dead animal at him. Oak, c. 1742-1770 American Tract Society, Garland, Texas http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/ rel02.html
George Whitefield (1714-1770) preaching in the open. Plaque on site where George Whitefield built a tabernacle in 1553. It is located near to the City Road, London Whitefield visited America seven times. First journey to America (1737 1738) Invited to Georgia to assist in Orphan house for children of colonists. Image made from a painting by Nathaniel Hone R.A
Notes from J C Ryle. Whitefield preached a pure gospel. He did not fill his messages talking about daily affairs. He preached Christ, the need for repentance and new birth. Oh, the righteousness of Christ! I must be excused if I mention it in almost all my sermons. Whitefield preached a simple gospel Easy, plain, conversational. Bold and direct
Descriptive Earnest Whitefield had cross-eyed vision Hay, David; London : Wesleyan Conference Office; 1867 George Whitefield was mockingly depicted as Dr. Squintum. Samuel Wesley (b.1662) Susanna Wesley (1670-1742) John Wesley (1703-1791)
Charles Wesley (1707-1788) Peter Bohler (17121775) Founded many Moravian settlements in Pennsylvania. Ordained as the Moravian Bishop to North America Preached among the slaves and the North American Indians. One of the first to teach basic education to the black slaves in North America. Founded Moravian work in London.
Through Bohler's teaching John and Charles Wesley came to have faith in Christ alone for salvation (February May 1538). John Wesley remained a friend of Peter Bohler but John and Charles Wesley separated themselves from the Moravians over doctrinal differences. Bohler appears to have believed in the erroneous doctrine of ultimate universal redemption. (See reply of George Whitefield to John Wesley regarding 'Free Grace') John Wesley (May 24, 1738) In the evening I went very unwillingly to a society in
Aldersgate Street where one was reading Luther's Preface to the Epistle to the Romans. About a quarter before nine, while he was describing the change which God works in the heart through faith in Christ, I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for salvation ; and an assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins, even
mine, and saved me from the law of sin and death. I then testified openly to all there what I now felt in my heart.' John Wesley (1703-1791) The world is my parish Wesleys House. The house lies next to Wesley's Foundry in City Road. Wesleys Grave is at the back of the foundry.
His mother is buried in the non conformist graveyard, Bunhill Fields, which lies opposite the foundry chapel The Great Awakening Theodore J Frelinghuysen (1691-1748). Began in 1726 in Raritan Valley, New Jersey through the ministry of Theodore J Frelinghuysen (1691-1748). Emphasised new life in Christ.
Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) 'A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God in the Conversion of Many HundredSouls in Northampton.' Written in 1737 Conversions in North Hampton, Massachusetts in 1734. Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) Sinners in the hands of an angry God Preached July 8, 1741 In Enfield, Connecticut. Text: Deuteronomy 32:35 'Their feet shall slide in due time'
Edwards merely read his sermons. The effect of this message caused a great commotion among the congregation. It is said that some held on to the pillars in the church as the powerful imagery of sliding into hell gripped them so much. David Brainerd (1718-1747) Missionary among the North American Indians. Entered Yale 1739 Attended meetings of the 'New Lights' Criticised a tutor for having no more grace than a chair.
Expelled from Yale 1742 Appointed a missionary to the Indians by the Society for the Propogation of Christian Knowledge (SPCK) April 1743 November 1746 worked as a missionary to the Indians. 1747 stopped his missionary work because of TB. Jonathan Edwards published the journal of David Brainerd His journal is an example of a life of prayer.
The influence of Brainerds prayer life inspired William Careys Serampore Mission in India. William Ward wrote in 1805: Let us often look at Brainerd in the woods of America, pouring out his very soul before God for the perishing heathen, without whose salvation nothing could make you happy. Prayer, secret, fervent, believing prayer, lies at
the root of all personal godliness. Jonathan Edwards 18 year old daughter nursed David Brainerd when he had TB. She died of the same disease soon after David Brainerd. Since this, it has pleased a holy and sovereign God to take away this my dear child by death, on the 14th of February, next following, after a short illness of five days, in the eighteenth year of her age. She was a person of much the same spirit with Mr. Brainerd. She had constantly taken care of and attended him in his sickness, for nineteen weeks before his death; devoting herself to it with great delight, because she looked on him as an eminent servant of Jesus Christ. In this time he had much conversation with her on the things of religion; and in his
dying state, often expressed to us, her parents, his great satisfaction concerning her true piety, and his confidence that he should meet her in heaven: and his high opinion of her, not only as a true Christian, but a very eminent saint: one whose soul was uncommonly fed and entertained with things that appertain to the most spiritual, experimental, and distinguishing parts of religion: and one who, by the temper of her mind, was fitted to deny herself for God, and to do good, beyond any young women whatsoever that he knew of. Jonathan Edwards 18 year old daughter nursed David Brainerd when he had TB. She died of the same disease soon after David Brainerd. She had manifested a heart uncommonly devoted to God, in the course of her life, many years before her death: and said on her death-bed, that she had
not seen one minute for several years, wherein she desired to live one minute longer, for the sake of any other good in life, but doing good, living to God, and doing what might be for his glory.
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