NIH Security Governance and Compliance (Policy, Compliance ...

NIH Security Governance and Compliance (Policy, Compliance ...

NIH Security, FISMA and EPLC Lots of Updates! Where do we start? Kay Coupe NIH FISMA Program Coordinator Office of the Chief Information Officer Project Management Community Meeting October 18, 2011 OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission . OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

NIST Updates Updated Special Publications (SP) 800-137: Information Security Continuous Monitoring for Federal Information Systems and Organizations (Sept 2011) 800-128: Guide for Security-Focused Configuration Management of Information Systems (Aug 2011) 800-53 Appendix J: Draft Privacy Control Catalog (July 2011) 800-39: Managing Information Security Risk: Organization, Mission and Information System View (Mar 2011) 800-30: Draft Guide for Conducting Risk Assessments (Sept 2011) 800-37, Rev 1: Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems: A Security Life Cycle Approach (Feb 2010) OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

New Terms Certification & Accreditation (C&A) is now: System Authorization Designated Authorizing Authority (DAA) is now: Authorizing Official (AO) Project Categorization is now: System Categorization System Certification is now: Security Control Assessment System Re-certification/Re-Accreditation is now: System Re-Authorization OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

New (and old) Emphasis Risk Management more involvement by the system owner and project manager Continuous Monitoring new approaches and tools coming Continuous Authorization to Operate More to come from HHS on this new concept Cloud Computing new contract language POAMs and validation of mitigation tracked in NIH Certification & Accreditation Tool (NCAT) Remote Access and 2-factor authentication of moderate and high impact systems ensure it is built into new systems OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

Acronyms FISMA Federal Information System Management Act

NCAT NIH Certification & Accreditation Tool NEAR - NIH Enterprise Architecture Repository HEAR - HHS Enterprise Architecture Repository SPORT HHS Security and Privacy Online Reporting Tool POAM Plan of Action and Milestones PMT Portfolio Management Tool (for Capital Planning [CPIC]) ISSO Information System Security Officer CISO - NIH Chief Information Security Officer CIO Chief Information Officer ISAO Information Security and Awareness Office NIH Master Glossary of IT Security Terms: http://ocio.nih.gov/security/ISSO%20Glossary.doc OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission New Changes Coming

(Things to watch for) All systems must be input into NEAR and NCAT in order to be listed in HEAR Once systems are in HEAR, SPORT will be populated so PIAs can be started Coordination done through the NCAT team Coordinate with your ISSO and Privacy Coordinator New Privacy Controls will be part of SP 800-53 POAM updates will be sent to HHS every two weeks Alignment of HEAR/NEAR/SPORT/PMT and new HHS Data Warehouse OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Changes to Security Approach and Deliverables

Per EPLC 1.4 (Phased in over time) Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) Preliminary done in Concept Phase per EPLC 1.4 Final PIA must be done in coordination with the Implementation Phase Work with your IC Privacy Coordinator and ISSO Security Approach Removed based on new SP 800-37 methodology 800-37: Guide for Applying the Risk Management Framework to Federal Information Systems: A Security Life Cycle Approach OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Changes to Security Approach and Deliverables

Per EPLC 1.4 (Phased in over time) Interconnection Security Agreement (ISA) Could be part of a Computer Match Agreement (CMA) Does not take the place of a CMA NIH has ISA template http://ocio.nih.gov/nihsecurity/NIH_ISA_Templates.html More to come on CMAs and ISAs New Security templates in NCAT coming soon OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Other Changes to the EPLC Rev 1.4 Related to Security Project Manager responsibilities regarding POAMs

updated Work with your ISSO and NCAT representative Validation of mitigation is very important (audit issue) Ongoing process Various sources for weakness identification (vulnerability scans, Security Control Assessments, continuous monitoring, audits, etc.) New HHS reporting process coming POAM information will be sent to HHS every two weeks starting in 2012 OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Other Changes to the EPLC Rev 1.4 Related to Security An Authority to Operate may be granted for a period of time to be determined by the Authorizing Official (AO) in

compliance with HHS policies (not just three year periods more to come) Ensure that all high impact risks are documented and mitigated prior to entering the implementation phase Flexibility and tailoring regarding security control implementation is permitted Compensating controls can be utilized, but must be documented and accepted If waivers are required, submit them in a timely manner to the NIH CISO (via your ISSO) OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Security Critical Partners What we look for Comprehensive indication that security risks and compliance are being

included and evaluated. Some examples include: Access control & segregation of duties implemented Configuration standards documented, followed and tested Privacy evaluated Security Authorization costs included in budget Accurate and thorough design documentation included ISSO involvement Vulnerability scans/penetration tests performed and issues mitigated Security Plan accurate and up-to-date Contingency Plans tested POAMs documented, tracked and mitigated in timely manner Residual Risk mitigated or accepted by appropriate authority New program coming CIO/CISO acceptance of risk may be needed for NIH HIGH RISKS OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

Remember. Security should be built-in during system concept and design phases, not added on at the end A good design document is worth its weight in gold Reach out to your IC ISSO, the NIH Privacy Office and ISAO if you have questions (we really are here to help) New programs and processes are being developed to assist you and your input is very important Security needs to be implemented and monitored on a continuous basis The bad guys dont take vacations..;-) OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Reference Links

NIST Special Publications http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/PubsSPs.html NCAT Support Team [email protected] Office of the Senior Official for Privacy privacy @mail.nih.gov OCIO Security Website http://ocio.nih.gov/security/index.html OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission Contact Info Kathleen (Kay) Coupe NIH FISMA Program Coordinator Information Security and Awareness Office Office of the Chief Information Officer

[email protected] 301-594-9848 Room 3G12 Fernwood Building OCIO - Enabling the NIH Research Mission

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