Negative strand RNA synthesis

Negative strand RNA synthesis

Negative strand RNA synthesis - Sense RNA genomes

Unimolar Segmented

What does segmented mean? Genome in segments often representing different genes.

Segmented genomes confer evolutionary advantages. Different strains of a virus with a segmented

genome can shuffle and combine genes and produce progeny viruses or (offspring) that have unique characteristics.

This is called reassortment Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV)

The VSV Genome

Uses of sense template Capping and polyadenylation mechanism of

viral RNA different to host mRNA and is carried out by host encoded enzymes.

Switch from translation to replication Influenza Virus

Segmented sense RNA The genome

Marking strands for packaging

N Protein Nucleocapsids are transported into the nucleus.

mRNA synthesis and replication of viral RNA occurs in the nucleus. This is very unusual for an RNA virus. Influenza virus has an

unusual mechanism for acquiring a methylated, capped 5'end to its mRNAs. A viral endonuclease (which is packaged in the influenza virus)

snips off the 5'end of a host capped, methylated mRNA about 1315 bases from the 5' end and uses this as a primer for viral mRNA synthesis. Hence all flu mRNAs have a short stretch at the 5' end which is

derived from host mRNA. Capping from host mRNA (cap snatching)

RNA synthesis from dsRNA genomes

dsRNA viruses Contain dsRNA segmented genomes

Viral polymerase Figure 3.10: List of dsRNA viruses and their replication strategy.

Adapted from D. R. Harper. Molecular Virology, Second Edition. BIOS Scientific Publishers, 1999. The genome

Negative Strand Viruses Contain enzymes for transcription in virion

Make mRNA prior to antigenome Message gets capped; genome does not

Plus strand is template for minus strand genome Makes more minus than plus strand

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