MONET and IMPRESSIONISM By ANTOINETTE IMPRESSIONISM The term was first used in a derogatory manner by the art critic Louis Leroy in

regards to Monets painting,Impression, soleil levant. He considered the painting unfinished, a mere sketch. The aim of impressionism was to suggest rather than to depict; to mirror not the object but the emotional reaction to the object; to interpret a fugitive impression rather than to

seize upon and fix the permanent reality. It was a style of paintingcharacterized by small brush strokes aimed at reproducing reflected light and the artists visual impression of an immediate

scene. Four art students, Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Frederic Bazille, along with Edouard Manet and Camille Pissarro, began the rebellion that resulted in the Impressionist Movement. MONET Claude Oscar Monet was born

November 14, 1840 in Paris, France. The family moved to Le Havre, in Normandy in 1845. When he was around the age of fifteen he received his first instruction in painting with oils from Eugne Boudin. Until Boudin taught him to paint with oils en plein air, Monet had drawn only caricatures of the people of Le Havre. In 1862 he met Dutch

landscape artist Johan Barthold Jongkind who continued Monets art instruction. Monet would years later credit Jongkind with the definitive training of my eyes. Monet returned to Paris in

1862 to study at the studio of Charles Gleyer. While in Paris Monet meets Camille Doncieux, who becomes his model and his companion. In 1866 he did a painting of her entitled La Femme la Robe Verte, it garnered rave reviews at the Salon.

In 1867 a son, Jean Monet is born to Monet and Camille. Claude and Camille were married on June 26, 1870. In the ensuing years Monet painted Camille and Jean many times. In 1878 a second son, Michel, was born. Camille died the following year after a long

SERIES Around 1890 Monet began his Series paintings. He would paint the same motif: At different times of the day. In different weather, sunny, cloudy, fog.

From different angles. At different times of the year. GIVERNEY In 1883 Monet rented a house in Giverney. By 1890 he was financially able to purchase the house and adjacent lot, that contained a small pond. He began recreating the gardens and enlarging the pond. The pond would eventually become four times its original size.

A Japanese bridge would be built across it. A trellis would be added to the bridge and a wisteria vine trained to grow across it. The pond he filled with water lilies. Dcoratif In 1898 Monet had begun thinking about a grand decoration in which the lily pond would be the model. He spoke of it to Maurice Guillemot a writer, this is the published account. Imagine a circular room whose wall below the

support plinth would be entirely occupied by a horizon of water spotted with vegetation, partitions of a transparency made by turns of green and mauve, the peace and quiet of the still water reflecting flowering expanses; the tones are vague, delightfully varied, of a dreamlike sublety. Orangerie des Tuileries Monet wrote to his friend Clemenceau regarding a donation

of two decorative panels to commemorate the end of WWI (1918). Clemenceau wanted instead the grand decoration Monet had spoken of ten years earlier. A site was found, the Orangerie des Tuileries, in Paris. The architect was Camille Le fevre (architect of the Louvre) who works closely with Monet on the size and shape of the rooms. By 1923 Monet is nearly blind in both eyes from cataracts. Dr. Coutela performs two operations in one eye, and Monet regains some of his sight. Jacques Mawas, an oculist uses special Zeiss lenses to

create new spectacles for Monet that result in an immediate improvement. Water Lilies There were twenty two panels, some as large as 6x9 feet. A special studio had been built in 1916 to house the paintings while he worked on them. Claude Monet died on December 5, 1926.

The Water Lily murals were dedicated in the muse LOrangerie on May 17, 1927. FIN

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