Modelo de interfaces de la BVS

Modelo de interfaces de la BVS

DeCS/MeSH Description, uses, services, updating Visit of Isabelle Wachsmuth (WHO) and Amrica Valdes (PAHO) BIREME, So Paulo, 06-17 August 2007 Description DeCS the Portuguese acronym for Descritores em Cincias da Sade, ie, Health Sciences Descriptors Controlled multilingual vocabulary created by BIREME in 1982, fully compatible with MeSH Update frequency idem MeSH Currently available in Portuguese, Spanish and English

Provides for Public Health, Homeopathy, and Science and Health terminology An integrating component of the VHL and GHL, allowing Meta searching, ie, multiple IS can be searched at the same time Multilingual searching to literature Uses Serves as a controlled (unique, standard) vocabulary for indexing scientific and technical health-related literature - at the concept level, it groups synonymous terms into concept

units; Permits searching by subject (concepts), independently of the language - natural language used in document titles, abstracts and full texts is ambiguous and therefore leads to long/complex search expressions, lack of specificity and unreliable results Hierarchical codes allow for exploding (searching) all terms of a conceptual hierarchy (branch) DeCS Structure MeSH and DeCS Categories Types of DeCS/MeSH terms

Vocabulary Characteristics MeSH and DeCS Categories descriptors synonyms Anatomy [A] 1489 2133 Organisms [B]

3485 7934 Diseases [C] 4228 7728 Chemicals and Drugs [D] 8391

10993 Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment [E] 2234 3575 853 1139 2077

2768 Natural Sciences [H] 522 582 Anthropology, Education, Sociology and Social Phenomena [I] 459 691

Technology, Industry, Agriculture [J] 304 669 Humanities [K] 176 137 Information Science [L]

362 449 Named Groups [M] 188 291 1121 1695

Publication Characteristics [V] 136 55 Geographicals [Z] 371 290 24355

37956 1950 1469 218 133 3486 3507

830 1230 4726 3467 29081 41423 Psychiatry and Psychology [F]

Biological Sciences [G] Health Care [N] Subtotal MeSH Homeopathy [HP] Science and Health [SH] Public Health [SP] Health Surveillance [VS] Subtotal DeCS-only Total Types of DeCS/MeSH terms

Descriptors Synonyms Qualifiers Check-tags Publication Types Types of DeCS/MeSH Concepts Descriptors

Also known as Main Headings or Preferred Terms used for indexing and effective retrieval of document citations. Types of DeCS/MeSH Concepts Synonyms Synonyms, also known as Used For (UF) terms, cross-references or entry terms, have the same meaning or nearly the same meaning as the descriptor and are used as alternate terms in search expressions, obtaining the same search result.

Types of DeCS/MeSH Concepts Qualifiers Health-related terms that are used for indexing in conjunction with descriptors. This combination permits retrieving only those citations which are concerned with a particular aspect of a subject. For example, Steroids/adverse effects, finds documents about the side effects of using steroids Qualifiers are searched preceeding them by a slash in the Alphabetical index or

Keywords in Context index. Types of DeCS/MeSH Concepts Check tags (or Limits) Check tags are generic terms used to limit the scope of research subjects, such as: Male; Female; Humans; Animals; Rats; Cats; Cattle; etc; and age groups The age groups are : Infant, Newborn (birth to 1 month) Infant (1 to 23 months) Child, Pre-school (2 to 5 years) Child (6 to 12 years) Adolescent (13 to 18 years)*

Adult (19 to 44 years)* Middle Age (45 to 64 years) Aged (65 and older) *according to MeSH/NLM Publication Types Types of DeCS/MeSH Concepts Terms used for describing the document format which allows another means for restricting the search result. Examples: Editorial [Publication Type], Letter [Publication Type],

Review [Publication Type], Clinical Trial [Publication Type], Clinical Trial, Phase I [Publication Type], etc. The list of existing Publication Types is accessible through: the DeCS Tree index (V category); the DeCS Keyword in Context index, by writing publication; the Publication type index from the information sources. Vocabulary Characteristics MULTILINGUAL to date, 11 of the MeSH translations have been incorporated to the UMLS (Unified Medical Language System) Metathesaurus

POLYHIERARCHICAL POSTCOORDINATION PRECOORDINATION Vocabulary Characteristics 2 of 5 Multilingual DeCS is trilingual (English, Spanish and Portuguese) Arab, Franch, Chinese, Russian and other MeSH translations are candidate languages for the DeCS/MeSH vocabulary in the GHL initiative From DeCS the Spanish and Portuguese MeSH terms are exported for the UMLS metathesaurus

(Unified Medical Language System) To date, there are 11 MeSH translations incorporated into the UMLS Metathesaurus Vocabulary Characteristics 3 of 5 Polyhierarchical A descriptor may belong to more than one category or to several branches of the same category. Polyhierarchy exists due to the multidisciplinary nature of many concepts. Postcoordination

Vocabulary Characteristics 4 of 5 The act of coordinating two or more concepts at the moment of searching for literature with the objective of narrowing the scope of a subject. The DeCS/MeSH vocabulary permits four types of terminological postcoordination.

Descriptor+Descriptor Descriptor+Qualifier Descriptor+Check tag Descriptor+Publication Type Precoordination Vocabulary Characteristics 5 of 5 There are two types of precoordination: 1) Descriptor1/qualifier use Descriptor2 Examples: HEART/abnormalities use HEART DEFECTS, CONGENITAL PREGNANCY/complications use PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS

2) Descriptor1 AND Descriptor2 use Descriptor3 Examples: WOUNDS AND INJURIES and HEART use HEART INJURIES TRANSPLANTATION and KIDNEY use KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION DeCS Services DeCS Server for users Search by Words Word Exact Descriptor Search by Index Alphabetic

Keywords in Context (KWIC) Tree (hierarchical navigation) DeCS XML Server for computer applications VHL>HEALTH TERMINOLOGY other language interfaces The DeCS Search system known as DeCS Server

DeCS Server A Sample DeCS Record Adding new languages The Arabic, French, Chinese, Russian and other translations of MeSH are candidate languages for DeCS/MeSH vocabulary in the GHL initiative BIREME prepares the installation packages The full adoption of DeCS for a given instance of the GHL initiative requires the corresponding translation of the DeCS categories BIREME provides guidelines and advice for this activity

The resulting translation data is formatted according to the current MeSH translation file format (plain text or XML format) Creation of new categories A new category will be added to DeCS under the criteria published in DeCS Update Guide Lack of a controlled terminology for indexing documents in a health science domain not covered or not fully expressed by DeCS/MeSH; Validation of the proposed terminology by the DeCS Technical Committee; New concepts may be added to DeCS also under the criteria published in DeCS Update Guide.

Bibliography DeCS homepage. Available at DeCS description and uses. Available at Guidelines for DeCS Updating. Available at This presentation:

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