Marketing: Real People, Real Choices_Ninth Edition

Marketing: Real People, Real Choices_Ninth Edition

Marketing: Real People, Real Choices Ninth Edition Chapter 3 Strategic Market Planning Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Learning Objectives 3.1 Explain business planning and its three levels. 3.2 Describe the steps in strategic planning. 3.3 Describe the steps in market planning.

Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Real People, Real Choices: Decision Time at Oracle (1 of 2) Which option should be pursued? Option 1: Stay the course with Oracles huge roster of corporate marketing clients that are very satisfied with what the company does for them. Option 2: Acquire companies that already offer new SaaS marketing technologies and go to market with a dedicated sales team that focuses only on selling cloud solutions.

Option 3: Continue to promote the Siebel system for basic data management functions and deinvest in the marketing solutions category, where it will be expensive to compete. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Planning: Compose the Big Picture Planning is everything almost! Business planning is an ongoing process that guides short- and long-term decisions. Helps identify and build on firm strengths Improves managerial decision making Develops objectives and provides a means of

charting progress toward goals Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3.1Three Levels of Business Planning Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Strategic Planning Strategic planning is the managerial process that matches firms resources and capabilities to market opportunities.

Top management defines firms purpose and sets objectives. Many large firms have separate SBUs (strategic business units). Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Strategic Business Units (SBUs) Large, multiproduct firms may have separate divisions, called strategic business units (SBUs). SBUs operate like a separate business. Strategic planning is conducted at both the

corporate and SBU level. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Functional Planning Functional Planning done by top functional level management Market planning includes: Situation analysis Broad 3 5 year plan to support the strategic plan Annual plan Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Operational Planning (1 of 2) First-line managers focus on day-to-day execution of functional plan. For marketers, this typically includes Annual, semi-annual, or even quarterly action plans to guide marketing plan implementation Use of marketing metrics to monitor performance Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. All Business Planning is an Integrated Activity

Strategic, functional, and operational plans must be in harmony for firm to succeed. Planning at all levels flows from organizational mission. Planners at all levels must keep the big picture in mind. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Strategic Planning: Frame the Picture Strategic planning plays an important role in the

modern corporation. Optimize revenues across multiple lines of business. Minimize risk in a complex and changing global environment. Includes a series of steps that results in development of growth strategies.

Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3.2 Steps in Strategic Planning Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 1: Define the Mission Key questions in determining mission What business are we in? What customers should we serve? How should we develop the firms capabilities and focus its efforts?

A mission statement is a formal document that describes the firms overall purpose and what it hopes to achieve in terms of its customers, products, and resources. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Mission Statements Are Important! Twitters mission statement is To give everyone the power to create and share ideas and information instantly, without barriers.

The ideal mission statement is not too Broad Narrow Shortsighted Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 2: Evaluate the Environment Examination of internal and external environments Managers often synthesize environmental analysis of into a format known as SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis catalogs firms internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats.

Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Internal Environment Internal environment consists of controllable elements within firm. Key technologies

Patents Financial stability Supplier relationships Reputation

Human capital Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. External Environment External environment consists of factors outside the firm which that could positively or negatively impact operations. Largely beyond direct management control, so planning is critical

Economy Competition Technology trends

Sociocultural trends Legal/political/ethical trends Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. SWOT Analysis Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats

Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 3: Set Organizational or SBU Objectives Organizational goals and objectives should be direct outgrowth of the mission statement. Taking into account internal and external environmental factors Objectives should be specific, measureable, attainable, and sustainable. May be directed toward financial- , operational- , or

customer-based criteria Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 4: Establish Business Portfolio A business portfolio represents the range of different businesses that a large firm operates. Disney operates multiple lines of business, including movie studios, theme parks, cruises, etc. Portfolio analysis

Assesses the growth potential for a firms SBUs and product lines BCG Growth-Share Matrix Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3.3 BCG Matrix Source: Product Portfolio Matrix, 1970, The Boston Consulting Group. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 5: Develop Growth Strategies Product-market growth matrix

Characterizes different types of growth strategies based on market and product types. Market penetration Market development

Product development Diversification Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3.4 ProductMarket Growth Matrix Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Strategic Planning Summary Successful executives understand strategic planning as an ongoing process. One that proceeds from defining a shared purpose, leading to business growth 1. Define the mission 2. Evaluate environment 3. Set objectives 4. Establish business portfolio 5. Develop growth strategies Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Ethical/Sustainable Decisions in the Real World Pharmaceutical firms have various costs associated with the development of new drugs. To offset costs, pharma companies raise the price of drugs that have no or low growth. Is it appropriate for pharma companies to set prices of prescription drugs at any level they want based on the needs of the business? Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Market Planning: Develop and Execute Marketing Strategy Effective implementation of the four Ps requires a great deal of planning. Steps are similar to those in strategic planning Key difference relates to focus on issues relating to marketing mix. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3.5 Steps in Market Planning Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Step 1: Perform a Situation Analysis Analyze the marketing environment Conduct SWOT analysis Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 2: Set Marketing Objectives Specific to the firms marketing mix-related elements Marketing objectives help achieve the overall business objectives. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Step 3: Develop Marketing Strategies Identify target market(s) Adjust marketing mix for each target market Product Price Promotion Place (Distribution) Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Product Strategies

Product strategies include decisions on: Product design Packaging Branding Support services and maintenance Upgrades Product variations Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Pricing Strategies Pricing strategy determines how much a firm charges for a product.

A firm may base its pricing strategy on costs, demand, price of competing products. Debundling Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Promotional Strategies Promotional strategy is how marketers communicate a products value proposition to the target market.

Advertising Sales promotion Public relations Direct marketing

Personal selling Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Distribution Strategies Distribution strategies (the place component) outline when, how, and where the firm will make the product available to targeted customers. Sell directly to the final customer or work through wholesalers and retailers? Choosing the right distribution strategy depends on

product, pricing, and promotion decisions. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Step 4: Implement and Control the Marketing Plan During implementation process, firms follow formal process to determine progress toward marketing objectives. Measure actual performance Compare performance to established objectives Make adjustments to objectives or strategies based on this analysis

Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Return on Marketing Investment (ROMI) Return on marketing investment Revenue (or profit) generated by investment in a given marketing program divided by the cost of the program at a given level of risk

For instance, if: Revenue from Marketing Investment = $150,000 Cost of Marketing Program = $30,000 ROMI = 5.0 Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Action Plans Individual support plans included in a marketing plan that provide guidance for implementation and control of the various marketing strategies within the plan. Sometimes referred to as marketing programs

Managers create actions plans for key elements involved in implementing the marketing strategy. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Table 3.1 Template for an Action Plan Title of action plan Purpose of action plan Give the action plan a relevant name. What do you hope to accomplish by the action planthat is, what specific marketing objective and strategy within the marketing plan does it support?

Description of action plan Be succinctbut still thoroughwhen you explain the action plan. What are the steps involved? This is the core of the action plan. It describes what must be done in order to accomplish the intended purpose of the action plan. Responsibility for the action plan What person(s) or organizational unit(s) are responsible for carrying out the action plan? What external parties are needed to make it happen? Most importantly, who specifically has final ownership of the action planthat is, who within the

organization is accountable for it? Timeline for the action plan Provide a specific timetable of events leading to the completion of the plan. If different people are responsible for different elements of the time line, provide that information. How much will implementation of the action plan cost? This may be direct costs only or may also include indirect costs, depending on the situation. The sum of all the individual action plan budget items will ultimately be aggregated by category to create the overall budget for the marketing plan.

Budget for the action plan Measurement and control of the action plan Indicate the appropriate metrics, how and when they will be measured, and who will measure them. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Assigning Responsibility in the

Action Plan Who will be responsible for carrying out each part of the marketing plan? Not everybody involved will be marketers Sales

Production Quality control Shipping Customer service Finance IT Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Creating Action Plan Timelines Each action plan requires a time line needed to accomplish the various tasks. Often portrayed in flowchart form to help managers and employees visualize sequence of tasks

Gantt charts PERT charts Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Setting a Budget Each cost element of the action plan should link to a budget item. Increases accountability for all parties involved with implementing the marketing plan

Accuracy in estimating individual action plan expenditures helps overall marketing budget forecasting. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Deciding on Measurements and Controls Marketing control is a formal process for: Measuring performance Comparing performance to established marketing and

strategy objectives Making adjustments to the objectives or strategies based on this analysis Selecting the right metrics should account for shortterm objectives balanced against firms long-term sustainability. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Operational Planning (2 of 2) Operational plans focus on day-to-day execution of the marketing plan. Cover a shorter period of time than strategic and functional plans

Often falls to lower level managers Include detailed instructions for activities, specifies responsibilities, and provides time lines Many key marketing metrics actually are used at the operational level of planning. Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Copyright Copyright 2018, 2016, 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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