<英语阅读> 第一册 - hbmzu.edu.cn

&lt;英语阅读&gt; 第一册 - hbmzu.edu.cn

< < > > Unit Two Culture Shock

In-classroom Activity The First Step Reading Skill: Context Clues to Word Meaning 1. Review

Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 1. What is context? Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 What is context? the parts of a sentence, paragraph, discourse,

etc. immediately next to or surrounding a specified word or passage and determining its exact meaning (Webster) (Textbook: context means: the words or sentences before or after the item you dont know. p. 1) Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

2. What is a context clue? Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 2. What is a context clue? A context clue refers to the hint or information guessed from or provided by the meaning of the

context to help understand the particular word o r expression. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 3. What is a definition clue? Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

What is a definition clue? A definition clue is the information provided by the context directly or indirectly to define the word or expression. It may appear as a dictionary definition, but in most cases they appear in the simpler words or phrases.

2. Further Knowledge (p. 1) Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 What is an example clue? Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

What is an example clue? An example clue refers to the information provided by the context by using examples or specific items to explain the word or expression in the same context. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

e. g. 1. The faculty of that university, whether old or young, male or female, are hard-working and diligent. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 e. g.

2. Desks, such as classroom desk, computer de sk, studying desk, etc. have only one working side, while tables have four working sides. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 The relationship between the specific word and the example clues is that the things described by

the words in the example clues are included in the specific word. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 e. g. 1. Housekeeping involves cooking, washing dishes, sweeping and cleaning. (p. 2)

2. Linguistics, made up of phonetics, grammar and lexicology, is a science with long history. Practice of context clues (p. 19) Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

1. The symptoms range from being ill at ease to being seriously depressed. Feeling homesick, unhappy, and very sensitive are other signs of culture shock. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 1. The symptoms range from being ill at ease

to being seriously depressed. Feeling homesick, unhappy, and very sensitive are other signs of culture shock. context: signs Dictionary: any condition accompanying or resulting from a disease or a physical disorder and serving as an aid in diagnosis

Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 2. When the student meets another miserable person form the same country, he will pour out his unhappy feelings. Together they can complain in their native language.

Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 2. When the student meets another miserable pe rson form the same country, he will pour out h is unhappy feelings. Together they can compl ain in their native language. context: pour out unhappy feelings

Dictionary: to claim or express pain, displeasure, etc. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 3. When President Torrijos of Panama met Car ter, he tried to give him friendly abrazo (hug).

Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 3. When President Torrijos of Panama met Car ter, he tried to give him friendly abrazo (hug). Context: hug Dictionary: an embrace or hug, esp. in greeting a person

Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2 4. Psychologists tell us that there are five distinct phases (or stages) of culture shock. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

4. Psychologists tell us that there are five distinct phases (or stages) of culture shock. context: stages Dictionary: any of the stages or forms in any serie s or cycle of changes, as in development Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

5. The word regression means moving backward, and in this phase of culture shock, you spend much of your time speaking your own language, watching videos from your home country, or eating food from home. Reading Skill: Context Clue to Word Meaning I-2

5. The word regression means moving backward, and in this phase of culture shock, you spend much of your time speaking your own language, watching videos from your home country, or eating food from home. context: moving backward Dictionary: going back; return; movement backward

In-classroom Activity The Second Step Word Pretest (p. 16) Word Pretest 1. My cousin is an acquaintance of the

president of that company; they greet each other when they meet. A. a close friend B. a person who works with C. a person one has met but doesnt know very well D. a classmate

Word Pretest an acquaintance a person who you know, esp. through work or business, but who is not a close friend A. a close friend a person who has very good relationship with you B. a person who work with the person one works side by side or with the same status C. a person one has met but doesnt know very well

D. a classmate the person who studies with others in the same class. Word Pretest 1. My cousin is an acquaintance of the president of that company; they greet each other when they meet.

A. a close friend B. a person who works with C. a person one has met but doesnt know very well D. a classmate Word Pretest

2. She was sitting on the sofa, browsing through the TV pages of the newspaper. A. looking through in a casual way B. turning over C. reading carefully D. writing for Word Pretest

browsing through --- looking through a book or books casually, reading passages here and there A. looking through casually B. turning over C. reading carefully D. writing for

Word Pretest 2. She was sitting on the sofa, browsing through the TV pages of the newspaper. A. looking through in a casual way B. turning over C. reading carefully

D. writing for Word Pretest 3. After he failed his math exam, hes been feeling depressed for several weeks. A. happy B. angry

C. puzzled D. low in spirits Word Pretest depressed very sad A. happy feeling, expressing or giving pleasure and satisfaction

B. angry very annoyed C. puzzled feeling confused D. low in spirits low in mind Word Pretest 3. After he failed his math exam, hes been feeling depressed for several weeks.

A. happy B. angry C. puzzled D. low in spirits Word Pretest 4. Because of their opinions on the issue,

there is now open hostility between the two leaders. A. friendly feelings B. cooperation C. unfriendly feelings D. relationship Word Pretest

hostility hateful attitude towards sb. A. friendly feeling a kind of good feeling or attitude B. cooperation the act of working together for a shared purpose C. unfriendly feeling feeling or attitude opposite friendli ness. D. relationship the way two people or groups feel and b

ehave towards each other Word Pretest 4. Because of their opinions on the issue, there is now open hostility between the two leaders. A. friendly feelings

B. cooperation C. unfriendly feelings D. relationship Word Pretest 5. Students often find temporary jobs during t heir summer vacation.

A. interesting B. lasting forever C. lasting for a short time D. professional Word Pretest

temporary lasting only for a limited time A. interesting catching or keeping your attention B. lasting forever keeping for a very long time C. lasting for a short time keeping only for a while D. professional working in or concerning a job that is so cially respected because it needs a high standard or educat ion and special training

Word Pretest 5. Students often find temporary jobs during their summer vacation. A. interesting B. lasting forever C. lasting for a short time

D. professional Word Pretest 6. Making mistakes is inevitable, so do not be discouraged. A. cannot be blamed B. cannot be avoided

C. cannot last long D. cannot be found Word Pretest inevitable happening without doubt A. cannot be blamed to believe or state that sb is resp onsible for sth. bad

B. cannot be avoided to make an effort not to do sth. o r to stop sth. from happening C. cannot last long exist for a long time D. cannot be found to discover or obtain sth. usu. whe n you have been looking for it or when you need it Word Pretest

6. Making mistakes is inevitable, so do not be discouraged. A. cannot be blamed B. cannot be avoided C. cannot last long D. cannot be found Word Pretest

7. I have located a better restaurant in the next street. Why dont we go there for lunch? A. found B. recognized C. opened D. explored

Word Pretest locate to discover the place of something A. found to discover or obtain sth. usu. when you have been looking for it or when you need it B. recognized to know sb or sth you have been seen or heard before

C. opened to make open or become open D. explore to travel into or through a place to find out a bout it Word Pretest 7. I have located a better restaurant in the next street. Why dont we go there for lunch?

A. found B. recognized C. opened D. explored Word Pretest 8. Stop dwelling on your problems and do

something about them. A. living in B. thinking a little about C. forgetting about D. thinking too much about Word Pretest

dwelling on to keep sth in mind for a relatively long tim e A. living in dwelling in B. thinking a little about keep sth. in mind for a while C. forgetting about dont keep sth. in mind any longer D. thinking too much about keep in mind for a long time Word Pretest

8. Stop dwelling on your problems and do something about them. A. living in B. thinking a little about C. forgetting about D. thinking too much about

In-classroom Activity The Third Step Text, Section A Text, Section A Making a Cultural Change Text, Section A

1. Text-reading (p. 17) 1. Try to finish the reading of the text within eigh t minutes and to get the basic idea of the stor y. (655/80wpm8 minutes) 2. After finishing the reading try to do Reading C omprehension on page 19

Text, Section A 2. Reading Comprehension (P. 19) Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 1. Nowadays, flying abroad is ______.

A. limited to rich tourists and wealthy businessmen B. more convenient but less safe C. common for the average person D. not common for the average person Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

1. C -- As a result, people of different backgroun d now fly to distant places for pleasure, l . 3, para. 1) Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 1. Nowadays, flying abroad is ______. A. limited to rich tourists and wealthy

businessmen B. more convenient but less safe C. common for the average person D. not common for the average person Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 2. The system in the third paragraph includes

the following EXCEPT ______. A. social customs B. bargaining practices C. politics D. foreign culture Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

2. D -- He knows all the language, politics, mon ey, food, social customs, and so forth. He knows all the unclear aspects of his native culture, such as body language, and barg aining practices. l. 2, para. 3 Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

2. The system in the third paragraph includes the following EXCEPT ______. A. social customs B. bargaining practices C. politics D. foreign culture Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

3. Culture shock affects foreigners ____. A. in just the same way B. in the same degree C. in quite similar ways D. in different degrees Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

3. D -- Foreigners experience different degrees o f culture shock. l.1, para. 4 Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 3. Culture shock affects foreigners ____. A. in just the same way

B. in the same degree C. in quite similar ways D. in different degrees Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 4. Endless frustrations of the early days in a new country would create ____.

A. dissatisfaction B. discomfort C. hostility D. all of the above Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 4. D -- It is easy to understand that the endless fr

ustrations of the early days in a new countr y would produce dissatisfaction, and perha ps even hostility. l. 3, para. 4) Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 4. Endless frustrations of the early days in a new country would create ____.

A. dissatisfaction B. discomfort C. hostility D. all of the above Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 5. The following are important in fighting culture

shock EXCEPT ______. A. determination B. a positive attitude C. a sense of humour D. hostility Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

5. D -- The mature person understand that a po sitive attitude, determination, and flexibility are important in making the change succes sful. A sense of humour is a big help. l. 5, p ara. 5) Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

5. The following are important in fighting culture shock EXCEPT ______. A. determination B. a positive attitude C. a sense of humour D. hostility Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A

6. In a foreign country, you should feel free to talk with people because ______. A. your English is almost perfect B. you need information C. people are friendly and helpful D. you need guidance

Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 6. C -- Many people are friendly and helpful. l. 2, Point 4) Reading Comprehension, Text, Section A 6. In a foreign country, you should feel free

to talk with people because ______. A. your English is almost perfect B. you need information C. people are friendly and helpful D. you need guidance In-classroom Activity The Fourth Step

Vocabulary Building (p. 21) (2) suffix Vocabulary Building, suffix suffix: -able; -ible 1. verb + -able = adjective to be able to do

e. g. eatable, suitable, bearable Vocabulary Building, suffix suffix: -able; -ible 2. noun + -able = adjective to be able to be done e. g. saleable, knowledgeable

Vocabulary Building, suffix suffix: -able; -ible 3. root / verb + -ible = adjective to be able to do e. g. permissible, divisible, irresistible

Vocabulary Building, suffix Suffix: -ion, -tion, -ation, ition 4. verb + -ion / -ation / ition = noun e. g. completion, relation, imagination, rea lization, occupation, definition Vocabulary Building, suffix

Key to the exercise of suffix (p. 21) 1. 3. 5. 7. dividable

dependable correction useable 2. determination 4. satisfaction 6. relation 8. recognizable

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