Legal and Illegal Substances - Physical and health educators ...

Legal and Illegal Substances - Physical and health educators ...

Legal and Illegal Substances Module A: Lesson 2 Grade 11 Active, Healthy Lifestyles Alcohol and Other Drugs A drug is any substance or chemical, other than food, that is taken to change the way the body or the mind functions Alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, and medications Changes the messages that brain cells send to each other and to the rest of the body Interfere with neurotransmitters

Legal drugs Over-the-counter, prescription, alcohol, nicotine and caffeine Illegal drugs Not prescribed by a licensed medical professional Use is unlawful KWL K

Know Identify the names of legal and illegal drugs that you know W Want to know Identify drugs that you would like to know more about L Learned

Identify what you learned in this lesson about legal and illegal drugs Legal Drugs Permissible for use Intended for medical purposes Prescription medication (physician) Non-prescription medication (over the counter)

Pain relievers, cold and flu medicines, allergy medications, acne products, and weight-control products Safe when follow the directions on the label and the directions from their health care professional Over-the-Counter Drugs Benefits outweigh their risks Potential for misuse and abuse is low Consumer can use them for self-diagnosed conditions Adequately labelled Health practitioners are not needed for the

safe and effective use of the product Read an OTC Drug Label Read the label and identify the information related to each of the following areas, as applicable: Medicinal ingredients Non-medicinal ingredients Use Warnings Cautions Directions Dosage Other

Prescription Drugs Substance misuse Intentional or unintentional use of a substance that causes a problem Substance abuse Intentional pattern of harmful use of any substance for moodaltering purposes. Can result in repeated adverse social consequences Serious health risks involved in abusing prescription drugs. Safety can only be assumed if the drug is taken by the intended person as directed by the prescribing doctor.

Categories of Prescription Drugs Alter a persons mood and/or behaviour (psychoactive) Serious potential to produce dependence or addiction Narcotic pain medications manage chronic or severe pain. Central nervous system (CNS) depressants treat anxiety and acute stress reaction, panic attacks, and sleep disorders CNS stimulants treat attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Other anabolic steroids cannabis-related prescription products Naming of Drugs Structural formula (chemical composition) of the drug Generic name Common name of a drug Does not require capitalization Name used by pharmaceutical companies to market the product Brand or trade name

Registered or copyrighted Requires capitalization How to Read a Prescription Drug Label Learn about what information is included on a prescription drug label. Illegal Drugs

Regulated or unlawful substances which are usually obtained by dishonest or prohibited means Whether or not a drug is legalized is often influenced by political, cultural, and social concerns. Tobacco Marijuana Numerous health (physical and psychological) and social problems

Overdose and death Addiction Side effects Diseases Legal system Illegal Drugs Classification Depressants Slow down the heart rate and cause body temperature and blood pressure to drop

Stimulants Speed up the heart rate and cause body temperature and blood pressure to rise Hallucinogens Some depressant qualities and some stimulant qualities. May cause people to hear or see things that are not really there Cannabis Did You Know? Discuss the fact sheets on alcohol and

other drugs. Create a Did You Know? poster or advertisement to convince others not to use or abuse drugs. You Be the Judge Describe the benefits and risks of over-thecounter or prescription drug medications.

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