graduate studies - a survival guide tips for MScs/ PhDs essential writing guide http://homepages.ed.ac.uk/martinc/msc/ (click news) some eternal truths you didnt get here by mistake you dont need to be a genius MSc/PhD = reasonable intelligence + tenacity + interest MScs work disproportionately harder MScs are advanced UGs, but expectations are FAR higher
higher education effort scale! MSc PhD UG some eternal truths (cont) stats are tough Langdridge, D. (2004). Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology. London: Pearson Prentice Hill. youll probably get miserable!
you will get over it http://www.student-counselling.ed.ac.uk/ writing-up makes you fat! so why put yourself through it ??!?!!???? to enrich your life QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor
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academic issues, accommodation, council tax, harassment, health, legal, money, sexuality, sexual health, disability Centre for Teaching Learning & Assessment: www.tla.ed.ac.uk one-to-one sessions on study difficulties workshops this term on:
Reading/Lectures/Your Time/Your Studies/Essays/ Long Essays and Dissertations/Exams/Procrastination tips (cont.) take initiative supervisors have more work that you imagine choose essay/thesis titles early (talk to lecturer) for changing courses etc. act early, act quickly! keep a routine
stop work-time spreading over into rest-time uni diary 5.70 (7-11 Nicolson Street) beware isolation! take time to socialise: come to the BP! politics foster good relations dont forget that the person you clash with today will be the reviewer of your paper tomorrow
appreciate the support staff your success in graduate school and beyond depends a great deal upon your ability to build and maintain interpersonal relationships, with your adviser, the research staff, the support staff and your fellow students. tips: tension with supervisors it happens! assess how serious it is irritating but not detrimental? take the time to explain how you feel (your supervisor cant read your mind.. so say it) let off steam to your peers? (but remember the politics!)
if detrimental protocols for switching supervisor Code of Practice for Supervisors & Students departmental PG contact points: Louise Kelly; Sergio della Sala; MScs: Martin Corley School/College level: Ronnie Cann/Chris Clarke how not to get a PhD/MSc not WANTING one underestimating it be prepared to work
overestimating it your thesis should be your 1st piece of work, not your best! supervisory problems (see above!) losing contact with your supervisor/peers dont get lost! References Phillips, E. M. and Pugh, D.S. (1987) How to get a Ph.D. A handbook for students and their supervisors. OUP Milton Keynes. and finally
be enthusiastic about your strengths find someone to complement your strengths dont struggle in silence A guide to essay writing. Or... how not to throw away marks finding references helpful on-line resources web of science http://wos.mimas.ac.uk/ click login WoK, then ISI Web of Science science direct
http://www.sciencedirect.com/ google scholar http://scholar.google.com/ APA format APA = American Psychological Association provide a guide for formatting journal articles youre required to follow this for MSc/PhD APA style guide can be found:
in detail in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition) Concise Rules of APA Style (2005) in brief in MSc handbook as follows citing others must cite with surname(s) and year Ward and Simner (2003) show blah blah blah If 3 or more authors (up to/incl 5) Simner, Glover and Mowat (2005) showed that... 1st mention: in full
Simner et al. (2005) showed that... 2nd/3rd/4th etc. mention: et al. If 6 or more authors Simner et al. (2005) showed that... all instances: et al. referencing others If 1 or more authors (up to/incl 7) mention: in full Simner, J., Ward, J., Lanz, M., Jansari, A., Noonan, K., Glover, L., & Oakley, D. A. (2005). Non-Random Associations of Graphemes to Colours in Synaesthetic and Non-synaesthetic
Populations. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22, 1-17. If 8 or more authors 6 authors et al. Simner, J., Mulvenna, C., Sagiv, N., Tsakanikos, E., Witherby, S. A., Fraser, C., Scott, K., & Ward, J. (in press). Synaesthesia: The prevalence of atypical cross-modal experiences. Perception. referencing articles vs. books Articles Journal title: all words start uppercase
Simner, J., & Pickering, M. J. (2005). Planning causes and consequences in discourse. Journal of Memory and Language, 52, 226-239. Books Book title: first word only starts uppercase Cytowic, R. E. (1993). The man who tastes shapes. London: Abacus books. Chapters within Books Editors: initials precede surname
Day, S. (2005). Some demographic and socio-cultural aspects of synesthesia. In L. C. Robertson & N. Sagiv (Eds.), Synesthesia: Perspectives from cognitive neuroscience (pp. 11-33). New York: Oxford University Press. citing inside and outside brackets comma before date no double brackets (Ward & Simner (2003)) NO Blah blah blah (Ward & Simner, 2003). Ward and Simner (2003) show blah blah blah and outside brackets; & inside brackets
abbreviations full stop full stops + comma Simner et al. (2005) have shown that verbs have typical agents (e.g., doctor is more typical than waiter for the verb heal; see also McCrae et al., 1999). italics full stop + comma Also
give page numbers for direct quotations caption and number tables above each table caption and number figures below each figure and much, much more see handbook, and guides style scientific writing not chatty!
no jokes, no puns no amusing titles no emotionally-laden terms (this is shocking/amazing) no abbreviations (e.g., a.s.o.; dont/wont/cant) absolutely never use an exclamation mark. Never Never Ever structuring your essay simple rule:
1. say what youre going to say 2. say it 3. say what you said introduction 1. say what youre going to say state aims of the essay what youre examining (e.g., rel clauses)
AND what youre showing about it a critique of methodology? a comparison of 2 approaches? a review of the literature? (Boring! lose marks) state structure the essay will have body of essay 2. Say it exactly what you said you would in the intro
follow exactly the structure described in your intro state Provide a coherent argument make sure the examiner knows your viewpoint not just a neutral description Evaluate! Compare! Assess! if you want a 1st - include your own ideas
content For every point you make, state: your claim your example your evidence Always all 3... for every argument content. eg. your claim centre embedded relative clauses are difficult to process
your example The house the man the dog the cat scratched bit built fell down your evidence name of study task + materials results/interpretation all of these, every time PLUS! your own interpretation, if different your own ideas will help you get a 1st conclusion
3. say was you said sum up exactly what was said in the essay dont introduce new findings include your own ideas! dont include undergrad style vagaries
Many questions remain unanswered This is an area of much debate Rule: Dont include anything that could fit into the conclusion of an entirely different essay non-native english speakers marked at (approx) same standard as native speakers
slight dispensation for spelling errors e.g., those overlooked by spell-check (e.g., two vs. too) ask a native English speaker to proof-read they can comment only on your grammar, not content (i.e., BEWARE PLAGERISM!) resources for non-native english speakers English Language courses run throughout the year.
Contact: via International Student Homepage (http://www.ed.ac.uk/internat/ Click on: English Language Courses ) e.g., IALS (Institute of Applied Language Studies) runs a special programme, free of charge, on behalf of the University, for postgraduate students registered for a degree who need help with their English (see: http:// www.ed.ac.uk/studying/postgraduate/international_students/ lang_requirements.html) Good luck
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