Glencoe Biology - Troup County School District

Glencoe Biology - Troup County School District

DNA Structure (12.1) State Standards 2A. Distinguish between DNA and RNA. 2B. Explain the role of DNA in storing and transmitting cellular information. Click on a lesson name to select. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material

Genetics Genetics is the branch of biology that studies ____________, the passing of __________ (characteristics) from parents to offspring. This passing of traits involves the 2 nucleic acids, _____ & _____. Click on a lesson name to select. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics

12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material Nucleic Acid Structure ____________ are the building blocks of DNA & RNA Nucleotides consist of a five-carbon ________, a __________ group, and a nitrogen-containing __________ Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material

DNA Structure The sugar found in DNA is called _______________. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material DNA Structure Contd The ______ ______

shape of DNA is often compared to a twisted ________. The ladder is made of 2 very long chains of ____________. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material DNA Structure Contd The ______ of the

ladder are represented by the alternating ____________ and ____________. The pairs of ________ (cytosineguanine or thymineadenine) form the ________ or rungs. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material

Base Pairing The ________ in a nucleic acid always pair up in the ________ way. This is called Chargaffs rule. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material

Base Pairing Contd __________ always pairs with __________. __________ always pairs with __________. The 2 sides of the ladder are held together by __________ __________. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics 12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material

The DNA Language DNA carries information in a ________ code. Each sequence of 3 nucleotides codes for a certain ______ ______ or for the beginning or end of a sequence. The genetic code is ________ for each organism. Chapter 12 Molecular Genetics

12.1 DNA: The Genetic Material Chromosome Structure DNA coils around histones to form nucleosomes, which coil to form __________ ________. The chromatin fibers supercoil to form __________ that are visible during cell division.

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