Fundamentals of Health Care Improvement Review of QI 101: Introduction to Health Care Improvement Lecture Objectives 1. Describe common challenges for health care systems around the world
2. List the six dimensions of health care, and the aims for each, outlined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2001 3. Explain the value of improvement science in health care Lecture Outline Health and health care today The Institute of Medicines aims for improvement
Changing systems with the science of improvement The State of Health Care Today Providers are becoming more specialized, leading to gaps in communication and care Populations are aging, with disease burden shifting toward chronic conditions Patients and families are better informed,
wanting more personalized care Complicated procedures and expensive treatments are more available and desired Two IOM Reports 1999: To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health Care System 44,000 to 98,000 Americans dying due to medical
errors each year Equivalent to three jumbo jets crashing every other day; statistics widely reported by the media 2001: Crossing the Quality Chasm: Health Care in the 21st Century Six dimensions of US health care that need
improvement Six Dimensions of Health Care Quality Safe: Avoiding injuries to patients from the care that is intended to help them Timely: Reducing waits and sometimes harmful delays for patients and providers Effective: Providing the appropriate level of services based on scientific knowledge
Efficient: Avoiding waste, including waste of equipment, supplies, ideas, and energy Equitable: Providing care that does not vary in quality because of personal characteristics Patient-Centered: Providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patients How Can We Improve? Every system is perfectly designed to get the
results it gets. The science of improvement (however we label it) focuses on changing systems not people Science of improvement Health care delivery science Implementation science Systems strengthening Systems engineering
The Evolution of Improvement Science System of Profound Knowledge Theory of improvement from W. Edwards Deming Framework for understanding key aspects of systems
Predecessor of the Model for Improvement Appreciation of a System What is the whole system that youre trying to manage?
Understanding Variation What is the variation in results trying to tell you about the system? Theory of Knowledge What are your predictions about the
systems performance? Theory of Psychology What are the important interactions among people in the system?
Video https://youtu.be/XSQr9_VwMCg http://www.ihi.org/education/IHIOpenSchool/resources/Pages/Activities/williamsNeedImprovementScience.aspx Discussion Do you agree that clinicians need improvement methodology to help them change how they work?
Why or why not? When you think about a process in your life (at work or at home) that needs improvement, whats the first thing that comes to mind? Why? How can data be helpful in identifying opportunities for improvement? Have you used improvement science to make changes in your work or home life? What was your experience?
http://www.ihi.org/education/IHIOpenSchool/resources/Documents/Facilitator_ImprovementScience.pdf Exercise Go to https:// www.medicare.gov/hospitalcompare/search.html Research your local hospitals or the hospitals in an area of your choice. Discuss what you learned, referring to the discussion questions at http
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