Feudalism Pyramid of Power Manoralism

Feudalism Pyramid of Power Manoralism

Feudalism Pyramid of Power Manoralism Year 8 History: European Middle Ages duffystirling.wordpress.com includes images and adapted slides obtained via Petes Power Point Station: http://www.pppst.com/ Feudalism E. Napp The Early Middle Ages

was a dangerou s time. Government in the Middle Ages Roman Empire had a central government. After Rome fell, Europe had dozens of little kingdoms. Lots of fighting between kingdoms. Lots of attacks from Vikings, Magyars (from East Asia) and Muslims. A new way evolved ... Feudalism

Feudalism was the political and military system of the Middle Ages. In a feudal society, land is exchanged for military service and loyalty. The ownership of land was the basis or power. NEW PAGE: Title: Feudalism in the Middle Ages Copy this definition: Feudalism is a political

system where land and therefore money and power is exchanged for military service and loyalty. Feudal Pyramid of Power At the top The King owned all of the land. William the Conqueror

Depending on how much he liked them, he gave land to the Nobles. KING LA ND NOBLES

Feudal Pyramid of Power Nobles Lords and Ladies, Dukes, Earls. Usually related to, or mates with, the King. They didnt get the Land for free: they were required to give money and soldiers (knights) if the King needed them to fight a war. ND A Y TS E ON IGH M KN

KING LA ND NOBLES Feudal Pyramid of Power Knights Nobles needed trained soldiers to defend castles and to give the King when he asked for

them. Knights most important, highly skilled soldiers Mounted knights in heavy armor best defenders ND A Y TS E ON IGH M KN N IO Y T

EC ITAR T O IL PR d M VICE an SER KING LA ND NOBLES KNIGHTS

Feudal Pyramid of Power Knights BUT Being a knight is expensive; weapons, armor, horses Nobles usually paid with land. Land given to knight for service was called a fief Anyone accepting fief was called a vassal A vassal had to obey his Lord and fight for him when required. ND

A Y TS E ON IGH M KN N IO Y T EC ITAR T O IL PR d M VICE an SER KING

LA NOBLES ND LA ND (fie f) KNIGHTS vassals Feudal Pyramid of Power

Many Lords Person could be both lord, vassal Some knights with large fiefs gave small pieces of land to other knights One knight could serve many lords Everyones supposed to be loyal to the King. Didnt always work out that way. ND A Y TS E ON IGH M KN

N IO Y T EC ITAR T O IL PR d M VICE an SER D AN S D CE O FO ERVI S

KING LA NOBLES ND LA ND (fie f) LA N an

dp rot e KNIGHTS vassals PEASANTS Feudal Pyramid of Power D cti o

n Manorialism In Modern times, when we say Manor, we mean this: Manorialism But in the Middle Ages, a Manor was more like a town or a large estate. Remember: a fief was all of a Lords land. The Manor was the part of the fief where the peasants farmed and lived. In your book finish this sentence: In the Middle Ages, a fief was

A manor, in the Middle Ages, is Manorialism Manorialism was the economic system of the Middle Ages. These days our economic system is called Capitalism. Manorialism was a self-sufficient economy; this means that everything that was necessary for life was created on the manor. Manorialism Manors had some free people who rented land from lord Each manor included fortified house for noble family, village for peasants, serfs

Others included landowning peasants, skilled workers like blacksmiths, millers Also had a priest for spiritual needs Common Pasture (or "Green") Buildings ORCHARD Common Pasture (or "Green") Peasants

Everyday people peasants - were frightened. They turned to landowners for protection. Peasants offered their labor in exchange for protection. These peasants were called serfs. The Peasants

At the lowest level of society were the peasants, also called serfs or villeins. The lord offered his peasants protection in exchange for living and working on his land. Hard Work & High Taxes Peasants worked hard to cultivate the land and produce the goods that the lord and his manor needed.

They were heavily taxed and were required to relinquish much of what they harvested. Serfs A serf was bound to the land. He could not leave his lords land. He was not a slave because he could not be sold. But he was not free because he could not leave. He also needed

permission to marry. Repairing fixing sheds, houses, fences Planting Weaving Ploughing Fertilising Sowing Weeding Pruning

Scaring BirdsShearing Harvesting Gathering Tying Winnowing Milling Butchering Salting/ Smoking Collecting Digging Vocab Match COPY the word and its correct definition into your book.

serf A) a person who swears to be a fighter for a lord in exchange for land. feudalism B) the part of the fief in which villagers and peasants live (kind of like a small town) fief C) the system which involves residents of a manor growing and making

everything for themselves (being self sufficient) manor D) a peasant which is tied to the land (kind of like a slave) vassal E) the political system which William the Conqueror set up which involves exchanging land for service. manorialis

F) Land given to Knights and Lords in exchange for loyalty and a promise to ND A Y TS E ON IGH M KN N IO Y T EC ITAR T

O IL PR d M VICE an SER D AN S D CE O FO ERVI S KING LA NOBLES

ND LA ND (fie f) LA N an dp rot e KNIGHTS

vassals PEASANTS serfs Feudal Pyramid of Power D cti o n

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