Definite and Indefinite Articles - Polk County School District

Definite and Indefinite Articles - Polk County School District

Definite and Indefinite Articles Espaol 1 y 2 Nouns and articles Nouns are masculine or feminine (gender). Nouns are singular or plural (number). Definite articles (the) or indefinite articles (a, an) are also either masculine or feminine and singular or plural, to agree with the noun. Los estudiantes estn en clase. Un alumno escribe en el cuaderno. Dos alumnos escriben en la pizarrra. La profesora conversa con unas alumnas. Hay una computadora en el escritorio. Masculine and feminine nouns Most nouns ending in -o & most nouns ending in -l or r or n are masculine.

el escritorio el diccionario el papel el televisor el borrador Most nouns ending in a, & all nouns ending in -in or -d are feminine. Most nouns ending in -ez and triz are feminine too. la impresora la puerta la informacin la oracin la actitud la amistad la actriz la validez Note that some nouns ending in -a are masculine. They are of foreign origin (in this case, Greek.) el mapa el da

el programa el problema el sistema el planeta Masculine and feminine nouns Nouns ending in -e are pretty evenly divided between being masculine or feminine. You will need to learn them with their article. el pupitre la clase la gente el diente Nouns ending in -e that refer to people will change the article depending on the gender of the person:

el/la estudiante el/la gerente el/la alcalde el/la pariente Number (are words singular or plural?) Singular nouns ending in a vowel form the plural by adding -s un estudiante dos estudiantes Nouns ending in a consonant add es un reloj dos relojes But nouns ending in -z change to -ces un lpiz dos lpices Definite (specific) and indefinite (general) articles Artculos definidos: the

singular masculino femenino plural el alumno la alumna los alumnos las alumnas Artculos indefinidos: a, an; some singular masculino femenino un alumno

una alumna plural unos unas alumnos alumnas Practice definite and indefinite articles Add the correct definite article: _____ lpiz _____ apuntes _____ reloj _____ borrador _____ cuaderno _____ hora _____ ratn _____ teclado _____ profesor _____ mensaje _____ direccin

_____ audfonos _____ televisor _____ impresora _____ mapa Add the correct indefinite article: Vamos a _____ fiesta. Tienes _____ hoja de papel? Necesito _____ ratn para mi computadora. Y yo necesito _____ reloj. Tengo _____ discos compactos. Practice definite and indefinite articles Add the correct definite article: _EL__ lpiz LOS_ apuntes _EL__ reloj _EL__ borrador _EL__ cuaderno _LA_ hora _EL__ ratn _EL__ teclado _EL__ profesor

_EL__ mensaje _LA_ direccin LOS_ audfonos _EL__ televisor _LA_ impresora _EL__ mapa Add the correct indefinite article: Vamos a _LA_ fiesta. Tienes _LA_ hoja de papel? Necesito _EL__ ratn para mi computadora. Y yo necesito _EL__ reloj. Tengo LOS_ discos compactos.

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