Chief Joseph Nez Perce Chief - PC\|MAC

Chief Joseph Nez Perce Chief - PC\|MAC

Goal 4 The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor

Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Mormons Forced to move west

to escape religious persecution Killed by an AntiMormon mob Brigham Young Moved the

Mormons to Salt Lake City, Utah after the death of Joseph Smith

Mormons Religious group Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints LDS Polygamy = having more than 1 wife

Illegal today / caused controversy Homestead Act 1862 Law to encourage small farmers to settle the West

Given 160 acres of land = farm it for 5 years = free Women in the West Roles of Women

Worked side by side with the men More equality in the West Given the right to vote in the West years before it was legal back East

Roles of African Americans Exodusters = former slaves that moved to Kansas Cowboys More opportunities (land ownershipHomestead Act)

Less discrimination / more equality Exodusters Roles of Chinese Worked to build the

Transcontinental Railroad Many came to US with the Gold Rush VERY DISCRIMINATED AGAINST

http://www.pkwy.k12.mo.us/INTRA/PROFESSIONAL/STUDENT_WORK/west_web3/courtneyspage.htm Soddies Roles of the Irish Factory workers

Railroad workers Discrimination & Stereotypes NINA = No Irish Need Apply

The Kennedys Robert Ted JFK

Dawes Act Made ASSIMILATION the official policy in dealing with Native Americans Educate them in white/ Christian schools

Dress them in American style clothes\ Make them land-owning farmers Assimilation: Trying to Americanize Native

Americans -education -religion -farming Chief Joseph--Nez Perce

I Will Fight No More Forever Chief Joseph Nez Perce Chief wanted peace with

the whites Nez Perce were a peaceful tribe of the Pacific Northwest After the Nez Perce War of 1877 they

surrendered and were forced to live on a reservation -Chief Joseph--Nez Perce Chief wanted peace with the whites

Nez Perce were a peaceful tribe of the Pacific Northwest After the Nez Perce War of 1877 they surrendered and were forced to live on a reservation

Sitting Bull Warrior / Spiritual Leader & Medicine Man Americans wanted the Black Hills of South Dakota b/c of gold

George Armstrong Custer & The 7th Calvary were sent to take the land They were massacred at the Battle of Little Big Horn by the Sioux 1876

Sitting Bull Warrior / Spiritual Leader & Medicine Man of the Sioux Americans wanted the Black Hills of South Dakota b/c of gold

George Armstrong Custer & The 7th Calvary were sent to take the land They were massacred at the Battle of Little Big Horn by the Sioux 1876 Sitting Bull

Sioux surrendered Forced to live on a reservation He was feared b/c he supported the Ghost Dance movement. He joined Buffalo Bill Codys Wild West Show Killed on the reservation by Sioux Police

Battle of Little Big Horn = Custers Last Stand Custer & his troops were killed by Crazy Horse & his warriors

George Armstrong Custer Sand Creek Massacre 1864 Col. Chivington attacked the Cheyenne & Arapaho

at the Sand Creek Reservation Killed over 150 (mostly women & children) Charges were brought against him but he was not

punished. Sand Creek Massacre (1864) Col. Chivington attacked the Cheyenne & Arapaho at the Sand Creek Reservation

Killed over 150 (mostly women & children) Charges were brought against him but he was not punished. Battle of Wounded Knee

1890the 7th Regiment rounded up and killed over 350 starving, freezing Sioux This was the official end of the Indian Wars

Helen Hunt Jackson Century of Dishonor 1881 -- Century of Dishonor Injustice, ruthlessness & immorality in US

dealings with American Indians Similar to Harriet Beecher Stowe & Uncle Toms Cabin

Helen Hunt Jackson 1881 -- Century of Dishonor Injustice, ruthlessness & immorality in US dealings with American Indians

Similar to Harriet Beecher Stowe & Uncle Toms Cabin Buffalo Soldiers 1860s Regiments of

African American soldiers that fought the American Indians

Promontory Point, UT Gold Spike Promontory Point Goal 4.04 Innovations in agricultural

technology and business practices and their impact on the West Technological Improvements

Steel plow, reaper, windmill Make farming easier

Increase production Increase profits for farmers Changing nature of farming as a business Bonanza Farms

Large scale farms Professional managers Paid laborers Increased Dependence on the Railroads

Farmers had to rely on the RRs to ship their crops back east to market RRs seriously overcharged farmers Farmers could do nothing about it b/c had to use RRs

Barbed WireJoseph Glidden Brought an end to the open range of the west

Refrigerator Car Made it possible to transport meat and other perishable foods Swift Meat

Packing Company Windmill Used for irrigation

J.S. Risdon Farmers Cooperatives Farmers working together to improve farming methodology, technique, technology

Steel Plow Invented by John Deere

Vertical Integration When 1 company controls the entire market by owning all of the resources that go into a product Example: Car factory

Owns paint co. Rubber plantation for tires

Steel mill Etc. Horizontal Integration When a company owns competing companies

Example Nike owns Adidas, New Balance, Reebok, etc. Interlocking Directorates When 2 boards of directors have 1 board member in common

Illegal if the companies are competitors Political cartoon

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