North Sea Baltic Sea Strait of Aegean Sea Mediterranean Sea
List the Major Rivers: Important boundaries: Rhine Danube Important trade route:
Dnieper Map 4: Mountains Urals Alps Pyrenees
in nn pe A Alps Pyrenees Apennine
s Caucasus Urals Caucasus es
The Geography of Greece Where is it? The Balkan Peninsula: (land surrounded by water on three sides), includes Greece and other Southeastern European countries
Geographic Terms With the person next to you, do your best to define the following geographic terms on your notes:
Isthmus Peninsula Strait Island Arable land
An example of a strait (narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water) are the Dardanelles and Bosphorus Strait Peninsula EX: Balkan Peninsula Definition: A piece of land surrounded
by water on 3 sides Isthmus EX: Isthmus of Corinth Definition: A narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land.
Island EX: Rhodes, Delos, Samos, Crete Definition: A piece of land surrounded entirely by water Arable Land EX: Definition: Land that is suitable for
farming that can sustain and produce good crop yields Facts of Life: Greek Geography Edition Mountainous Terrain
Contrast to - Civilizations with flatter terrain (i.e. Egypt) - Civilizations with more traversable or arable land Effect on Greece - City-states develop in isolation - Less unified, harder to unify because of
geographic barriers Hundreds of Islands dotted between adjacent seas Contrast to - Centralized, unified empires - Civilizations not separated by water Effect on Greece
- Forced to develop seafaring abilities (look to the Phoenician design for ships) - Travel is difficult (by land) - Not easy to get from city-state to city-state quickly Throwback: Royal Road (Persia)
Travel is a problem Royal Road: 1500 miles, 9 days Sparta to Olympia: 60 miles, 7 days
Many small streams, no large rivers Contrast to - River valley civilizations and their successors (i.e. Yellow River Valley Qin and Han China) - Other classical civilizations Effect on Greece
- Travel/transportation is more difficult - No flooding to help crops grow - Harder to establish contact with other civilizations outside the Mediterranean Few fertile plains for growing crops Contrast to
- River valley civilizations - Other classical civilizations Effect on Greece - Economy centered on trade, not agriculture - Difficulty growing crops - Forced to trade for sustenance
Climate problems: Constant sun and little rain Contrast to - Non-Mediterranean civilizations - Civilizations where climate was less mild Effect on Greece
- Difficulty producing crops - Droughts Why did Greek city-states develop independently? Activities: Using the packet readings and your
logic skills Label The Map of Greece (pp. 108-112) Label Greece in the World (pp. 108112, 139, 145) Read the information about the Geography of Greece and answer the questions Early Greeks: The Minoans
c. 3200 -1100 BCE Lived on island of Crete Great navigators and farmers Palace led political, social and economic organization at Knossos Artistic expressions and
grand construction Advancements in bronze Built sanctuaries Minoan Culture Art work (drawings, murals or frescoes) at Knossos shows dangerous sports such as leaping over the backs of charging bulls as
well as dancing, athletics, and festivals Myth of the Minotaur Minoan Myth of King Minos at Knossos Theseus defeats the Minotaur (half man half bull) and escapes from the maze like structure called the labyrinth, saving the youth of Athens
THEORIES FOR DECLINE OF MINOANS 1750 BCE- earthquake destroys Minoan palaces 1628 BCE- volcano erupts at Thera 1400 BCE- War between Minoans and Myceaneans led to decline of power
Enter the Mycenaeans c. 1700 600 BCE 1490 BCE- Minoan palaces had been rebuilt however all were destroyed except at Knossos by Mycenaean warriors Mycenaeans took control of Crete at Knossos by 1500 BCE Myceneans controlled mainland Greece = main political centre was Mycenae More interested in war as pottery and grave sites reflect hunting,
weapons, armour and war as well as fortified palace walls Slowly Minoan culture and traditions disappeared THEORIES FOR DECLINE OF MYCEANEANS
Shift in climate leading to drought forcing Myceanans to migrate to more fertile lands Tribe of nomadic warriors from north of Greece (Dorians) destroyed Mycenaeans
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