Asia History Overview

Asia History Overview

Cultural Features of Southern and Eastern Asia By: AG Hinduism By Angela Gregg Hinduism Formerly the Aryan Vedic civilization

Vedism was practices by the Indus Aryan Vedic civilization became Hinduism in 1500 BCE Hinduism affects Indian literature, arts, and economics It is polytheistic (belief in many gods) Hinduism (cont.)

Main texts are the Vedas and Upanishads There are four main classes or castes The highest caste is priestly Music and dance are considered forms of worship to the gods

Hindu Beliefs Samsara- life cycle of death and rebirth They worship many gods For example, Saraswati is the goddess of music, writing, and learning

Saraswati Buddhism Buddhism First spread through Asia but is practiced around the world today Originated in India, as did Hinduism Practices differ among countries and regions

They all believe in peace and respecting others Most funerals are in Japan and People go to temples and graves to pay respect to ancestors Buddha Siddhartha Gautama Born in Nepal around 563 B.C. Wanted to find a place with no sickness or

suffering He turned to meditation Buddha means awakened, or enlightened one He taught the Four Noble Truths Four Noble Truths 1) Life has suffering 2) We suffer because we desire riches and power

3) To not suffer, we need to not desire these things 4) To give up wanting, we must follow the EightFold Path Eight-Fold Path I. Right understanding II. Right thought III. Right speech IV. Right action

V. Right livelihood VI. Right effort VII.Right mindfulness VIII.Right concentration Islam Islam Muslims

Practiced in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, India, China, and the Philippines Started in SW Asia during the 7th century Quran is the holy book of Islam States how people should live their lives Word of Allah Muhammad Born in Mecca

People used to worship many gods but he thought people were not living their lives the right way He said that Allah had sent an angel to him to tell the Arabs to give up there false gods and to tell them that there was only one true god Many people listened and followed his ideas Shinto

Shinto Japans native religion No sacred writings or organized set of beliefs Belief in Kami, or spirits In plants and animals Control nature Belief that when people die they become Kami

More on Kami Devotion to Kami Shrines at home Passes through a gate to get to the shrine This symbolizes the pathway between the world of humans to the infinite world of the gods Shinto focuses on giving thanks to the Kami

Taoism Taoism Practiced in China Tao means the way, or path It represents the flow of life People are encouraged to go with the flow Founder- Lao Tzu

Wrote the Tao Te Ching Forces people to think: The soft overcomes the hard and the weak, the strong. Confucianism Confucianism A philosophy Founded by Confucius

Teacher and philosopher Lived in China from 551 B.C. to 479 B.C. Taught that life be dedicated to a constant effort of self-improvement and learning Leaders should not use violence, but peace to lead their people Confucianism Junzi Exemplary persons

People who follow Confucianism should be this Influence life in China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Korea The Arts The Arts Sanskirt Epics- poems

Mahabharata Ramayana Written long before the Common Era [The Poet] won the noble prize for literature in 1913 Architecture Stupas Sacred burial mounds Came out of Buddhist

architectural traditions Muslim invaders changed Indian architecture to include: Domes Mosaics And minarets

Music Indonesians have there own pop and music stars, like America Many people listen to traditional music Traditional dances Javanese Balinese Chinese Literary history

Has a long history Early Chinese novels: The Romance of the Three Kingdoms The Journey to the West Calligraphy is highly respected in China Chinese music Musical instrument called qin Cultural Features of Southern and

Eastern Asia By: NR E R U T L

U C F O The Taj Mahal Built by Taj Mahal for his wife Made of white marble

Built with onion-shaped domes and thin towers One of finest examples of Islamic architecture in world Indias most famous building Symbol of Indias rich artistic heritage

Indian Arts Two great works of world literature come from India Mahabharta- and epic poem Ramayana- famous epic poem Both influenced painters, dancers and other writers and India Both tell about the growth of Hinduism

Indian Music and Movies Several styles of music Each is unique in own way Each are important to their region in India Played and sung in concerts, parties, or in religious settings

Indians LOVE to watch movies! India makes more movies per year than any other country Including the United States Languages In India Constitution of India now distinguishes 18 official languages But they speak hundreds of other languages and

dialects Most languages come from one of two families Indo- Aryan or Dravidian One fourth of all Indians speak Dravidian Dravidian was language spoken centuries ago in India When invaders moved towards the north, Dravidian speakers went south

Languages In India English Came to India with British colonialism Spoken by less than 5% of Indias population Language of business, government, and science Knowledge of English is essential in India Religion In Daily Life

Hinduism Many Indians are Hindu No rules expressing the ways Hinduism is practiced There isnt one Hindu church Many are vegetarians Quite a few perform daily rituals These are on behalf of their gods

Religion in Daily Life (continued) Caste System Still in place in India Less strict than it used to be Muslims Muslims who once lived

in India moved to Pakistan and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) 14% of Indians Family in India Important to Indians Several related families live together Parents choose bride or groom for

their children from the family of the same caste (background) They look at the education, financial status, and even their horoscope The parents of the bride must provide a dowry dowry- money or property given by a bride to her new husband and his

family Family in India (countinued) Parents prefer having sons to daughters Because men have more power in this society Women with male children have greater influence in their extended families Beginning to change

Family in India (continued) Family meals Tradition Typical meals vary by regions Chili peppers and other spices give the foods extra flavor

Meat is rarely eaten Forbidden by religion Or expensive An Agricultural Economy Three-fourths of people in South East Asia live in rural areas Many live on small farms Grow rice to feed families

Not to sell for profit Green Revolution and irrigation help farmers grow more food

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