CIVIL ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE INSTRUCTOR: SARAH OOSTERHUIS WEST ADA SCHOOL DISTRICT, MERIDIAN, ID Architectural Styles Student Slide Art Deco Arts and Crafts Cape Cod Bungalow
Contemporary Counter Culture Cubic ART DECO ART DECO STYLE Represented scientific progress, and the consequent rise of commerce, technology,
and speed. It is founded on mathematical geometric Most building are big and tall to represent strength and stability. From 1925 to 1940. Average skyscraper has 18 floors. Empire State Building World Trade Center
ART DECO ELEMENTS & FEATURES Flat Roofs Smooth Walls The walls of art deco homes are often made of smooth stucco and have rounded corners. Bold Exterior decorations Buildings in the style were often decorated with zigzags, swans, lilies and sunrise motifs. Experimentation with interior materials. Art Deco designers used new materials such as glass block, neon, chrome, mirrors and opaque glass panels.
Where Did It All Start? Art Deco was first seen in the 20th century, around 1925-1940. We got the style from the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes, held in Paris. Chrysler Building What Makes it Special? Art Deco structures
were usually made of stucco, concrete, smooth-faced stone, and Terracotta. Steel and aluminum were often used along with glass blocks and decorative opaque plate glass There was no set number of stories for the Art Deco style of
buildings. People could build them as high as they wanted to, and they did, this was the style for the newly rising skyscrapers being built. Empire State Building What makes it unique?
Art deco architecture features a sleek, linear appearance with stylized and often geometric ornamentation. Examples include the Chrysler Building, the Empire State Building, and the Bullocks Willshire Building. Most types of structures that took advantage of this style were commericial, and you can find many examples in Florida, Washington D.C, and New York City Chrysler Building Empire State Building Bullocks Willshire Building
CONTEMPORA RY Era/Stories Era: current (present day) Stories: generally 2 Materials Natural materials: cedar, stone Industrial Materials: steel, concrete Features
Very personalized, but generally classified by: Large windows Unique forms Open floor plans Emphasis on comfort Location
Places such as: California New York Washington D.C. (Generally big, modern cities) Style of Present Day (1950Present) Contemporary homes typically include an irregular or unusually shaped frame, an open floor plan, oversized windows, and the use of "green" and repurposed components (wood mixed with masonry).
Such homes also often have an organic design, fitting into the surrounding space and meeting an immediate need in the area. Typically includes 2-3 stories. Style Line Mixture of vertical/horizontal Form Distinct 3D Look
Rhythm Sometimes Grated Rhythm Balance Informal: Equal in weight Proportion Everything is very even
Unity Perfection Color White/ Peaceful Space Very Free ARTS AND
CRAFTS Early 19th-century British and American movement to revive handicrafts ARTS AND CRAFTS KEY ELEMENTS Built of natural materials. Craftsman homes are typically built of real wood, stone and brick. Built-in furniture and light fixtures. Built-ins were the hallmark feature of the Arts and Crafts era. Built-in cabinets allowed the furnishings to be part of the architecture, ensuring design unity and economic use of space. Even the light fixtures are often part of the design. Fireplace. A fireplace was the symbol of family in the Arts and Crafts movement, so most homes
feature a dominant fireplace in the living room and a large exterior chimney. Porches. Most homes in the Craftsman style have porches with thick square or round columns and stone porch supports. Low-pitched roofs. The homes typically have a low roof with wide eaves and triangular brackets. Exposed beams. The beams on the porch and inside the house are often exposed. Open floor plan. The Arts and Crafts Movement rejected the small, boxy rooms like those in Victorian houses. ARTS AND CRAFTS EXAMPLES BUNGALO W
BUNGALOW STYLE Often used to describe any small house built from 1900 to about Bungalow style has its roots in native architectural style of Bengal, India. During the late 19th century and the waning days of the British Empire, English officers had small houses built in the "Bangla" style. BUNGALOW
CHARACTERISTICS Usually 1 1 1/2 stories Low-pitched roof, often with broad eaves Entry typically opens directly into living room Often has a large front porch that creates an outdoor room Easy access to outdoor spaces like verandas, porches, and patios Open floor plan maximized for efficiency and flow from room to room with minimal space wasted on hallways Often small with reliance on built-ins for organization Siding varies. Stucco is the siding of choice for many California-style Craftsman bungalows. Western-style are typically more rustic with shingle or lapped siding, and Chicago-style bungalows are frequently brick.
CAPE COD CAPE COD ARCHITECTURAL STYLE originated in New England in the 17th century Low, broad frame building Generally 1.5 story Steep, pitched roof with end gables Large central chimney Very little ornamentation ER CULTU
Time Period/Purpose 20th Century (1960-70s) Hippie movement Structures built to become one with nature.
Destroy Box-reality Buildings/Materials Geodesic domes Could have solar panels
Vernacular Building Typically wood, glass, dirt Curved lines, represents nature
Match color of nature 1-2 stories Residential Counter Culture Architecture
Counter culture designs gained popularity in the 1960s and 1970s with the hippie movement Most popular in the Southwest Mainly one floor Materials: Glass Wood Steel The domes are made of glass or wood panels with steel frames. This allows for minimal use of materials for the most efficiency. Design Elements/Principles
Lines - Curved Colors - Very Shape - They are literally all dome shaped Space - Open and uncluttered space Texture - Depends on the chosen material Value - Varies Balance - Radial Rhythm - Regular Rhythm Unityyyyyyyyyyy Characteristic of a Counter Culture treehugger.com
Geodesic domes provide huge, open spaces while providing structural integrity with minimal materials inhabitat.com domehome.com Most of these utilize large windows for
natural light and energy efficiency Many of them incorporate solar panels for maximum energy efficiency Revival Due to recent global issues with global warming, need for new forms of energy, etc. These types of domed houses are coming back due to their high efficiency in both space and energy.
CUBIC 1995 to current day Usually Two Stories
First location was in Helmond Netherlands http://dullneon.com/randomnotes/2011/10/kubuswoningen.html CUBIC STYLE Glass Steel
Wood Very unique MATERIALS http://siongchin.com/blog/?p=772
Geometric Modern Clean Horizontal lines
Calm peace and relaxation FEATURES http://fancycribs.com/22025-house-on-24th-street-by-steven-kent-architect.html Cubic Style Architecture Developed by Early 20 th Century Residential and Commercial Structures 2 or More Stories Materials used Glass
Steal Wood Concrete Located in France Germany Netherlands Japan U.S. Distinctive Features Cube Design
Flat Roofs Big Windows Cubic Style Architecture Purpose Create Large Simple Structures Site Location Depends on Type of Cubic Structure Use of lines Horizontal/Vertical Lines
Form Cubism/Based on Squares Color Neutral Texture Smooth Balance Asymmetrical Proportion
Asymmetrical/Symmetrical Unity Similar Characteristics
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