AP World History: Globalization

AP World History: Globalization

Aim: Did Globalization Impact the World for the Better? Do Now: Is there a true global culture? The Spread of Democracy Source: The Economist The Spread of Democracy Continued

In Favor of Let us never forget that government is ourselves and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President and senators and congressmen and government officials, but the voters of this country. FDR Against

There is a cult of ignorance in the US, and there has always been. The strain of anti-intellectualism has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life, nurtured by the false notion that democracy means that 'my ignorance is just as good as your knowledge. Isaac Asimov China has to go along with world trends. Freedom in capitalist society always

That's democracy, liberty, individual remains about the same as it was in freedom. China sooner or later has to go ancient Greek republics: Freedom for that way. It cannot go backward. Dalai slave owners. Vladimir Lenin Lama America does not always like the outcomes of international democratic elections. The Democratic Election in Gaza: The radical Islamic movement Hamas won a large majority in the new Palestinian parliament Hamas claimed 76 of the 132

parliamentary seats The election results stunned U.S. and Israeli officials, who have repeatedly stated that they would not work with a Palestinian Authority that included Hamas, which both countries and the European Union have designated as a terrorist organization. Hamas Sweeps Palestinian Elections, Complicating Peace Efforts in Mideast By Scott Wilson Washington Post Foreign Service Friday, January 27, 2006 The Democratic Election in Crimea: More than 96 percent of Crimeans who voted in the region's disputed referendum backed breaking away from Ukraine and joining Russia President Obama emphasized that the Crimean referendum,

which violates the Ukrainian constitution and occurred under the duress of Russian military intervention, would not be recognized by the United States and the international community, the White House said in its statement. Crimea Votes to Secede From Ukraine as Russian Troops Keep Watch By DAVID HERSZENHORN MARCH 16, 2014 Spread of Democracy Continued What Should the Role of the UN Be? Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations has sought to

reestablish its role as the world's peacekeeper and defender of human rights. Case Study: Rwanda Genocide 1994 A report assessing UN involvement in Rwanda said that the UN and its member states failed Rwanda in deplorable ways in 1994, ignoring evidence that a genocide was planned, refusing to act once it was under way and finally abandoning the Rwandan people when they most needed protection... Coupled with another self-critical analysis of the UN role in the fall of Srebrenica during the Bosnian war, the report is

sure to fuel the growing international debate about the imperative of the UN and its member governments to stop grave violations of human rights. By Nicole Winfield Associated Press December 16, 1999 UN Peacekeeper in Rwanda, 1994 Norwegian Peacekeeper during the Siege of Sarajevo, 1992 - 1993 UN Declaration on Human Rights, 1948

1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience... 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status... 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude... 5. No one shall be subjected to torture... 11. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty

25. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and wellbeing of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services 26. Everyone has the right to education... UN and women's rights: UN Women is the UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women http://www.unwomen.org/en 9/11 changed the way the world viewed and responded to terrorism.

On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the Islamic [terrorist] group al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, triggering major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush. Over 3,000 people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than 400 police

officers and firefighters. https://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks The European Union The EU is an economic and political partnership of 28 European countries. Most EU nations use one currency (the Euro), a unified foreign and security policy, and common citizenship rights. Pros: Travel, currency exchange and trade is easier. Cons: Wealthier EU nations have had to bail out less economically stable nations. Less national sovereignty (right to self-govern) for individual nations.

March 2013: Cypriots protest against the EU bailout, which would require a one-time tax on bank deposits. http://money.cnn.com NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) 1994 NAFTA is between the US, Canada, and Mexico. Most tariffs were eliminated between the members to improve trade. CONS: NAFTA made it possible for many U.S. manufacturers to move jobs to lower-cost Mexico Since labor is cheaper in Mexico, many

manufacturing industries moved part of their production... Between 1994 and 2002, the U.S. lost 1.7 million jobs, gaining only 794,00, for a net loss of 879,000 jobs. Nearly 80% of these jobs were in manufacturing... These industries included motor vehicles, textiles, computers, and electrical appliances. By Kimberly Amadeo http://www.uujec.com The World Bank (1944) and The International Monetary Fund (1945) The goals of both are to reduce poverty around the world by offering loans, and aiding economic and infrastructure

development. Cons: Loss of a states authority to govern its own economy Cycle of debt to more powerful nations World Bank Headquarters, D.C. IMF Headquarters, D.C. A Global Culture?

Summary Questions 1. What are the pros and cons of spreading democracy? Where has the push of democracy failed? 2. What is the role of the UN? What are the main points in the UNs Declaration of Human Rights? Can the UN enforce them? What are some criticisms of the UN? 3. How has the world changed since 9/11? 4. What is the European Union and its purpose? What is BREXIT? What are some other criticisms of the EU?

5. What is NAFTA? What are the pros and cons? 6. What are the IMF and World Bank? What are the pros and cons? 7. Is there a true global culture today? Key Vocabulary Al-Qaeda BREXIT Cap and Trade European Union (EU) Global Warming

Green Revolution International Monetary Fund (IMF) Kyoto Protocol NAFTA Rachel Carsons Silent Spring UN Declaration on Human Rights World Bank World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

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