Animal Farm - Welcome to English with Ms. Winkler!
Animal Farm By George Orwell Allegory Allegory An allegory is a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to
reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. Examples of Allegory Aesop's Fables. Most likely the first allegorical work that most people read. Credited to Aesop who lived in
ancient Greece, it is a collection of short stories like The Fox and the Grapes, The Tortoise and the Hare, and The Ant and the Grasshopper that became a source of moral messages. Aesop used animals and their actions to allegorically represent human beings and our
way of living. The Tortoise and the Hare The Tortoise and the Hare Once upon a time there was a hare who, boasting how he could run
faster than anyone else, was forever teasing tortoise for its slowness. Then one day, the irate tortoise answered back: Who do you think you are? Theres no denying youre swift, but even you can be beaten! The hare squealed with laughter. Beaten in a race? By whom? Not you, surely! I bet theres nobody in the world that can win against me, Im so speedy. Now, why dont you try? Annoyed by such bragging, the tortoise accepted the challenge. A course was planned, and the next day at dawn they
stood at the starting line. The hare yawned sleepily as the meek tortoise trudged slowly off. When the hare saw how painfully slow his rival was, he decided, half asleep on his feet, to have a quick nap. Take your time! he said. Ill have forty winks and catch up with you in a minute. The Tortoise and the
Hare The hare woke with a start from a fitful sleep and gazed round, looking for the tortoise. But the creature was only a short distance away, having barely covered a third of the course. Breathing a sigh of relief, the hare decided he might as well have breakfast too, and off he went to munch some cabbages he had noticed in a nearby field. But the heavy meal and the hot sun made
his eyelids droop. With a careless glance at the tortoise, now halfway along the course, he decided to have another snooze before flashing past the winning post. And smiling at the thought of the look on the tortoises face when it saw the hare speed by, he fell fast asleep and was soon snoring happily. The sun started to sink, below the horizon, and the
tortoise, who had been plodding towards the winning post since morning, was scarcely a yard from the finish. At that very point, the hare woke with a jolt. He could see the tortoise a speck in the distance and away he dashed. He leapt and bounded at a great rate, his tongue lolling, and gasping for breath. Just a little more and hed be first at the finish. But the hares last leap was just too late, for the tortoise had beaten him to the
winning post. Poor hare! Tired and in disgrace, he slumped down beside the tortoise who was silently smiling at him. Slowly does it every time! he said. How is this an allegory? What is this story trying to represent? What lesson are they teaching us?
Examples of Allegory "There are obvious layers of allegory [in the movie Avatar]. The Pandora woods is a lot like the Amazon rainforest (the movie stops in its tracks for a heavy ecological speech or two),
and the attempt to get the Na'vi to 'cooperate' carries overtones of the U.S. involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan."(Owen (Owen Gleiberman, review of Avatar. Entertainment Weekly, Dec.
Allegory in The Wizard of Oz Allegory for the economics and politics of the 1890s Dorothy Scarecrow, Tinman, Lion Emerald City Colors used throughout Oz (green, gold,
silver) How could this film be considered an allegory? Link to Russian Revolution Czar Nicholas
A poor leader at best, compared to western kings Cruel, sometimes brutal with opponents Sometimes kind hired students as spies Karl Marx Invented communism workers of the world unite, Take over government
Dies before revolution Vladimir Lenin Old Major, represents both Marx and Lenin, serves as the source of the ideals that the animals continue to uphold even after their pig leaders have betrayed them.
Leon Trotsky Other leader of October Revolutions Pure communist, followed Marx Wanted to improve life for all in Russia Chased away by KGB (Secret police) Joseph Stalin Not a great speaker, not educated like
Trotsky Same as Napoleon, didnt follow Marxs ideas Cared for power, killed all that Opposed him. Propaganda What the revolution has
done for the peasant woman. Library Long Live the Red Army!
Your enemies want you to fight against your brother Controlling Images Nikolai Yezhov, walking with Stalin in the top ph
oto from the 1930s, was killed in 1940. Following his execution, Yezhov w as edited out of the phot o by Soviet censors.  Such retouching wa s a common occurrence during Stalin's
rule Powerful Songs Alma MaterHail to thee, O Clayton ValleyWith our colors - red, white and blue!Hail to thee, O noble eagles,Soaring high, with honor true! Future build with faith and loyaltyStrength and spirit shall prevail.Clayton Valley! Clayton
Valley!To thee our hearts shall sing, All Hail! KGB Secret Police Not really police, but forced support for Stalin Used force, often killed entire families for Disobedience. Totally Loyal, part of Lenins power, even over Army.
Religion Marx said it was, Opiate of the people Lie used to make people not complain and Do their work Stalin believed religion would stop violent Revolutions.
Vain, Selfish Russians Dedicated, but tricked Communist Supporters Skeptical Russians Non Participating
Intellectuals Brainstorm Who do the neighbors to Animal Farm Represent? Further Links through Characters
Mrs. Jones - She represents the Tsar's wife, Alexandra. Mr. Pilkington - Owner of Foxwood (Leader of England). He doesn't represent one person in particular, but rather is a composite of all of the leaders of England .Mr. Frederick - Owner of Pinchfield (Leader of Germany). Frederick is a composite of the leaders of Germany. However, throughout most of the book, Frederick is a representation of Hitler. It is said that Frederick had ''flogged an old horse to death (A reference to
Hitler's euthanasia program), he had killed a dog by throwing it into the furnace (Most likely a reference to Night of Knives), and that he amused himself in the evenings by making cocks fight with splinters of razor-blade tied to their spurs. 'Mr. Whymper - A solicitor living in Willingdon. Acted as an intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world in matters of trade. Represents capitalist who did business with the Soviet state.
Links Through Actions In the book, Old major's skull is displayed in a similar manner to the way Lenin's remains were displayed to the public The Farmhouse - (The Kremlin.) Home of Mr. Jones (the Czar). After the revolution, there were some that wanted to destroy the farmhouse, but
it was decided to preserve it as a museum. (The Kremlin was saved in a similar manner). Eventually, Napoleon (Stalin) decided to take up residence there. Links Through Setting Manor Farm - Russia. Foxwood - Foxwood represents England. The novel describes it as
"a large, neglected, old-fashioned farm, much overgrown by woodland, with all its pastures worn out and its hedges in a disgraceful condition. Its owner, Mr. Pilkington, was an easy-going gentleman farmer who spent most of his time in fishing or hunting according to the season. Pinchfiled Pinchfield represents Germany. Orwell described it as "The other farm, which was called Pinchfield, was smaller and better kept. Its owner was a Mr. Frederick, a tough, shrewd man,
perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains. Willingdon - All of the farms mentioned in the book are located in the city of Willingdon, which is a metaphor for Europe. England Since farms represent the various nations, England is a representation of the entire world. Boxer, Clover Proletariat stupid, loyal working class people
of Russian Mollie White Russians Noble class, looked towards western ideas of democracy. The Pigs Bolsheviks, Reds, activists
People who believe in the cause. Moses Russian Orthodox Church Evangelists people who need hope / faith in something to get them through bad times.
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