Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson

ANDREW JACKSON One of Americas most loved and hated Presidents ELECTION OF 1828 JQA who can write Andy J who can fight ELECTION OF 1828

Adams seeks reelection Elitist, unpopular, not right for the common people Jacksonians have new campaign method: MUDSLINGING Smearing the Presidents name, retaliating with negativity Jackson: Adams uses public funds for personal luxuries! Adams: Jacksons wife committed adultery! 3x number of voters participated compared to 1824

Jackson wins easily Master political campaign organizer Carries all western states; war hero and a man of the western frontier OLD HICKORY, A MAN OF THE PEOPLE Our first self-made president Famous self-trained general

Symbol of the working class No college education Against the rich Frugal Jeffersonian; limited federal power, states rights POLITICS OF THE COMMON MAN Universal Male Suffrage

No more property/religious qualifications Rise of 3rd parties New political concerns More Elected Offices Party Nominating Conventions and Popular Campaigning

Popular Election of President Role of the President Voters choose a states slate of presidential electors Two Party System Whigs & Democrats solidify Campaign on a large scale basis

Limited (sorta) Spoils System/Rotation of Offices More Opportunity Giving out government jobs in return for party loyalty

THE NULLIFICATION CRISIS Supported states rights but not disunion Jackson continues policy of protective tariffs by supporting the 1828 Tariff of Abominations South Carolina (and South) is

unhappy, declares tariff unconstitutional John C. Calhoun proposes nullification JOHN C. CALHOUN: AN INTRODUCTION Originally a Presidential candidate; settled for Jacksons VP

Agreed with 1828 Tariff; changed opinion because it hurt the agrarian south Advocated for nullification instead of secession Joined with Clay later on with the Compromise Tariff Left VP position after Jacksons first

term NULLIFICATION CRISIS 1832: SC holds special convention to nullify Tariff of 1828 and 1832 Jackson: Force Bill Military action is not taken; Congress negotiates and

lowers tariff; SC backs down Impact: Strong defense of federal authority Foreshadowing: anti-slavery alarm a growing concern JACKSON VS. THE NATIONAL BANK

Jackson is weary of the national bank Hard money v. soft money; Constitutionality; Power National Bank (1816) v. State Banks (Panic 1819) Congress proposes renewing the bank for 20 years Clay-Webster political ploy Bill passes but Jackson vetoes the bill Jackson destroys the bank (though its charter had not expired) and invests the money in state banks

Called Pet Banks because Jackson rewarded his allies Split outcome: good and bad for nation ANDREW JACKSONS REAL ABOMINATION Sympathized with land-hungry Americans Most humane solution: compel all American Indians to resettle west of the Mississippi Pushed Congress to approve the Indian Removal Act,

funding the governments forced relocation of American Indians 1836: Bureau of Indian Affairs created JACKSONS SPEECH TO CONGRESS It will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way

and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the Government and through the influence of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community. INDIANS FIGHT BACK

The Cherokee, one of the five civilized tribes, fought back in the American way sues the government Precedents set by Chief Justice John Marshall Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 1831: Tribal Sovereignty Worcester v. Georgia 1832: GA laws had no force in Cherokee Territory GA ignores rulingFederal Court v. State Laws


Essentially, Jackson ignores the Supreme Court and ignores the checks and balances that are supposed to limit his power Extreme racism at the time; many supported Jackson and he was never held accountable VP, then President Martin Van Buren enacts the Trail of Tears because of the Indian Removal Act 15,000 Cherokees removed; 4,000+ deaths

READ: PRIMARY SOURCES OF INDIAN REMOVAL REVIEW: JACKSON 1. Give 3 examples of how politics changed to support the common man. 2. What sections of the country supported Jackson? Why? 3. Give an example of how Jackson supported the federal government. 4. Give an example of how Jackson supported the state government.

5. Why might the Election of 1828 be considered a revolution? 6. How did Jackson change the role of the president? Use the following events to support your answer. 1. Tariff of Abominations/Nullification Crisis 2. Bank War 3. Indian Removal/Worcester v. GA

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Procurement Fraud March 2017 Procurement Fraud Procurement fraud

    Procurement Fraud March 2017 Procurement Fraud Procurement fraud

    Rigged award of $21-million security contract to make sure favored vendor's company would win. Favored vendor netted $1.2 million in the scheme. Tried to force an official overseeing the demolition of Tiger Stadium to give the contract to favored vendor,...
  • Parent Power Year 11 MR MASSON A S

    Parent Power Year 11 MR MASSON A S

    The pastoral link is crucial to ensuring students feel calm, supported and empowered - the key attributes to unlocking their full potential. Revision Matters. Reaching the summit. ... Keep each session between 45 - 60 minutes max. It is WHAT...
  • Drawing Contours in PowerPoint - Northeastern Illinois University

    Drawing Contours in PowerPoint - Northeastern Illinois University

    Drawing Contours in PowerPoint(on a laptop or desktop). Select Insert, then Shapes, and then the squiggly "Scribble" line. Then place the cursor where you want the line to begin, and click and drag to draw.
  • Language Development - College of Charleston

    Language Development - College of Charleston

    1) Novel utterances 2) Poverty of stimulus 3) Speed of learning 4) Creolization 5) Language creation Further evidence for Nativism 1) Neurological evidence for dedicated processing 2) Inability of other species to create linguistic utterances even when exposed to language...
  • Student Communication 2008

    Student Communication 2008

    Myport includes personal info, exam results, timetables, print credit and much moreā€¦ You can also access Moodle, your virtual learning environment. You will receive a pocket guide with useful contact details for all student services.
  • BLM Nevada Travel Management Planning Resource Management Plans

    BLM Nevada Travel Management Planning Resource Management Plans

    Resource Management Plans (RMP). The RMP is a blueprint that describes how the BLM will manage areas of public land over a period of time. Required by The Federal Land Policy and Management Act under the principals of multiple use...
  • Cardiac Physiology - doc meg's hideout

    Cardiac Physiology - doc meg's hideout

    atrial. syncytium. that constitutes the walls of the two atria. the . ventricular . syncytium. that constitutes the walls of the two ventricles. they are conducted only by way of a specialized conductive system called the . A-V bundle
  • Greek Gods

    Greek Gods

    Heracles Most famous of the Greek heroes Zeus was his father Completed a series of "Labors" More info? Who's Who in Greek Mythology Greek Gods Zeus Supreme god of the Olympians Father of Perseus and Heracles Siblings are Poseidon, Hades,...