Aim: What is Gestalt Psychology?

Aim: What is Gestalt Psychology?

A. Basic Ideas: 1. Perception is instantaneous 2. Psychological phenomena can best

be understood when viewed as a whole (gestalt=whole)

3. The whole is greater than the sum of the parts

Figure/ground: When we look at a scene we instantly get a feeling of figure and ground

Closure: We fill in the gaps to

create a complete, whole object

Similarity:

Objects that are similar in appearance are more likely to be perceived to be in the same group

Continuity:

Objects that create a continous form (such as a trail) are likely to be perceived as belonging in the same group

Proximity:

Objects that are close together are more likely to be perceived as belonging in the same group

Factors

that are uniquely human and may hinder or aid our behaviors Human factors psychologists help to

design appliances, machines, etc. that harness rather than confound our

natural perceptions. -Meyers

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